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OCCUPATION: Sir Samuel Argall; Mariner and Adventurer. Brother of the Trinity House.
GENERAL NOTES: Date of birth also given in 1992 IGI. Baptism was originally thought to be recorded in Canterbury Cathedral, but there is no trace in those records.
BAPTISM: Collection: England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975:
Name: Samuell Argall
Baptism/Christening Date: 04 Dec 1580
Baptism/Christening Place: East Sutton, Kent, England
Father's Name: Richard Argall
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: I01717-6
System Origin: England-EASy
Source Film Number: 1752236
Was the 5th son of RICHARD ARGALL. He was mentioned in his father's Will of 1588 when, like his brothers, he was bequeathed the sum of £10 per annum for life. In 1605, Thomas Argall left him £50 and this was followed in 1611 by Sir Reginald's legacy of £200 and a life annuity of £50 (only following the death of Sir Reginald's wife Anne - who outlived him).
Samuel had early miltary experience in Holland in the Dutch wars of independence from Spain. The Kent Archives Office (RCHM lxxvii ii 521) "De L'Isle Manuscripts D34" records the following letter from Sir William Browne to Sir Robert Sydney from Flushing dated 20 June 1601: Since my last, which was but yesterday, I have a letter from Lieut Argull dated Sunday last (14 June 1601), which I enclose. I hear that since the wryting thereof, the battery is planted, butt that itt hath playd, I cannot learne; also that on Tuesday last the enemy made an other sally. I know not whether the state of the town is so desparate as the world makes it, by reason that yesternight came a letter to make all the miners go from Ostend to his excellency. Lord North parted on Monday from Eutrich towards the leaguer. The English camp lie quiet; the enemy never troubles them, only many are taken straggling. I look for Derrick with his boat to be released for 100£. I have yet no satisfaction from the States of Zeland, I send your lordship a little tobacco, becaus I esteem it extraordinarily good."
On 13th December 1603 at Flushing, Sir William Browne writes to Lord Sydney The bearer Lieut Argull desires to be recomended to you for preferment. It will help much if you will speak to Sir Francis Vere for him. (The report continues with a further military report) (RCHM lxxvii 111 79-80 of the De L'Isle Manuscripts vi 168).
The records of the Guild of Merchant Tailors show that Capt. Samuel Argall was in the employ of the Virginia Company of London in 1609 and was commissioned to discover a shorter route to Virginia and to fish for sturgeon, valued for the caviar. He sailed west from the Azores to Bermuda and thence to the James River instead of going south to the tropics and west with the trade winds. His voyage took only nine weeks and six days including two weeks becalmed. This new route enabled the English to avoid the Spaniards and to save provisions.
A deposition taken on the 4 August 1620 states that SAMUEL ARGALL of EAST SUTTON, in KENT is aged 40 (ie. he was born in 1580). According to Went, he was a trader in 1609 to Virginia, whither he subsequently made frequent voyages. An account of his voyage from Jamestown, beginning June 19, 1610, in which " missing Bermuda, he put over towards Sagadahoc and Cape Cod," and his letter respecting his voyage to Virginia in 1613, will be found in the collection of Purchas. He visited the Potomac and Chesapeake Bay 1612-1613; reduced French settlements in Maine, St Croix, and Nova Scotia 1613. In 1612/13, with the ship TREASURER, he abducted the Indian Princess POCAHONTAS, through the favour of a Copper Kettle, and brought her to England. Appointed Governor of the Colony of Virginia on 9 April 1617 until 9 May 1619, and was also Admiral of the adjacent seas in 1617. Served in expedition against Algiers under Sir R Mansell (1620). Was knighted by King James I on 26 June 1622.
On 15 Jan 1623 he was appointed as Admiral of New England (CSPC). Appointed Admiral in 1625 of a squadron of English and Dutch ships operating on French and Spanish coasts 1625-6. On 16 September 1625 he commanded 24 English and 4 Dutch Ships off Dunkirk. He reconnoitred Cadiz on 9 November 1625, and was reported to have died (or wounded and died of wounds) on 24 January 1626. One source has suggested he died at Sea following the raid on Cadiz; another source states he died at Walthamstow where he had a property - Low Hall. However, a record of his burial in the Churchyard of St Gluvias (now Penryn, Falmouth) in Cornwall exists in the parish burial register. Cadiz (in Spain) is within four days sailing range from Falmouth. So this could be possible if his body was brought back from Cadiz by sea as Falmouth would have been the first port of call on mainland England:
Sir Samuell Argoall (sic), Knight, was buried the xxviii of January. (This is an entry for the year 1625, but the year then ran from 25 March 1625 to 24 March 1626 - so January is in 1626 in our modern calendar).
Generally thought to have died unmarried, but the ARGALL PEDIGREE, published in THE GENESIS OF THE UNITED STATES states that he had a daughter ANNE. There is a tree on Rootsweb stating he married Sarah MICHAEL YEARDLEY in Virginia; Sarah is shown as the daughter of John MICHAEL and Elizabeth THOROWGOOD. However this might be a confusion with a Captain Argall Yeardley.
There is (or was) a Parish in Virginia known as ARGALLS GIFT PARISH. (A type of land dedicated to the founders of British colonial dominion).
He was sent, in May, 1609, with a small vessel to the new settlement at Jamestown, Va., to trade and fish. The following year he took out from England Lord De la Ware to Jamestown, arriving in time to save the colony from starvation. In 1612, he carried off the Indian Princess, Pocahontas to the settlement of Jamestown. Later in the year he was sent with a vessel of fourteen guns to destroy the French settlements on the north coast; this was later regarded as infringing on the Virginia patent. He captured Mount Desert, St. Croix, and Port Royal. On the return voyage, he forced the commandant at New Amsterdam (now New York) to recognize English suzerainty by hauling down the Dutch flag and running up the English. In May, 1617, he was made deputy governor of Virginia.
In 1620 served, under Sir Robert Mansell, in action against the Algerine pirates. He was knighted in 1622 by King James I. In 1625 he was the admiral of a squadron cruising after a hostile Dunkirk fleet, and took some prizes. In October, 1625, he was with the futile expedition against Cadiz under Lord Wimbledon. He died in 1626. B;b.:
Argall's own narrative; Parkman, Pioneers of France; Calnek and Savary History of the County of Annapolis. 34521 Argall, Samuel, Sir 1580?-1626 Biographical Directory of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors, 1607-1789. By John W. Raimo. Westport, CT: Microform Review, Meckler Books, 1980. Use the Index to locate biographies. (BiDrACR) Dictionary of Canadian Biography. "Volume I: 1000 to 1700." Edited by George W. Brown. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966. (DcCanB 1). 34520 Argall, Samuel, Sir 1572-1639 Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Six volumes. Edited by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1888-1889. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1968. (ApCAB) Dictionary of American Biography. Volumes 1-20. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928-1936. (DcAmB) Drake's Dictionary of American Biography. Including men of the time, containing nearly 10,000 notices of persons of both sexes, of native and foreign birth, who have been remarkable, or prominently connected with the arts, sciences, literature, politics, or history, of the American continent. By Francis S. Drake. Boston: James R. Osgood & Co., 1872. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1974. (Drake) The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Brief biographies of authors, administrators, clergymen, commanders, editors, engineers, jurists, merchants, officials, philanthropists, scientists, statesmen, and others who are making American history. 10 volumes. Edited by Rossiter Johnson. Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1968. (TwCBDA) Who Was Who in America. A component volume of "Who's Who in American History." Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Revised Edition. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1967. (WhAm HS). 34519 Argall, Samuel, Sir 1572-1626 American Biographies. By Wheeler Preston. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1940. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1974. (AmBi) Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History: From 458 A.D. to 1915. New edition entirely revised and enlarged. 10 volumes. By Benson John Lossing. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1915. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1974. (HarEnUS) The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Fourth edition. Edited by W. Stewart Wallace. Revised, enlarged, and updated by W.A. McKay. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1978. (MacDCB 78) The Oxford Companion to American History. By Thomas H. Johnson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966. (OxCAmH).
34518 Argall, Samuel, Sir d1626 Allibone's Critical Dictionary of English Literature. British and American authors living and deceased from the earliest accounts to the latter half of the Nineteenth Century. Three volumes. By S. Austin Allibone. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1858-1871. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1965. (Alli) Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 9: September, 1970-August, 1973. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1974. (BioIn 9) The Dictionary of National Biography. The Concise Dictionary. Part 1, From the beginnings to 1900. London: Oxford University Press, 1953. Contains abstracts of the biographies found in "The Dictionary of National Biography" (21 volumes, New York: Macmillan Co.; London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1908). (DcNaB) The Oxford Companion to Canadian History and Literature. By Norah Story. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1967. Reprinted with corrections, 1968. (OxCCan). 34516 Argall, Samuel 1580?-1626? American National Biography. 24 volumes. Edited by John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. (AmNatBi) The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Volume 13. New York: James T. White & Co., 1906. Reprint. Volumes 1-50. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1967-1971. Use the Index to locate biographies. (NatCAB 13). 34517 Argall, Samuel 1609-1624 The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography. Edited by John S. Bowman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. (CamDcAB).
DEATH: Died on board ship on 24 January 1625/6.
BURIAL: Parish: Gluvias, St. (Cornwall, England)
Date: 28-Jan 1625/6
Name: Samuell ARGOALL, Sir
Register notes: Knight.
PROBATE: (PCC reference: 69 Hele) (PROB 11/149). Dated 23 May 1624/5; proved 21 March 1625/6.
BURIAL: Parish: Gluvias, St. (Cornwall, England) Date: 28-Jan 1625/6 Name: Samuell ARGOALL, Sir Age: Residence: Register notes: Knight.
PROBATE: (PCC reference: 69 Hele) (PROB 11/149). Dated 23 May 1624/5; proved 21 March 1625/6.
Thank you to Bob Nichol for creating WikiTree profile Argall-31 through the import of Nichol Ancestry.GED on Feb 14, 2013.
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