Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (1901 - 1971)

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Louis Daniel "Satchmo" Armstrong
Born in New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, United Statesmap
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 4 Feb 1924 [location unknown]
Died in Queens, New York City, New York, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 1 May 2020 | Created 19 Nov 2014 | Last significant change: 1 May 2020
21:44: Stephanie Ward edited the Biography for Louis Daniel Armstrong (1901-1971). (formatted large quote per guidelines) [Thank Stephanie for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Louis Armstrong lived in Louisiana.
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Notables Project
Louis Armstrong is Notable.

Louis "Louie" "Satchmo" Armstrong

From his "Allmusic.com" biography:
Born in 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana, Armstrong had a difficult childhood. William Armstrong, his father, was a factory worker who abandoned the family soon after the boy's birth. Armstrong was brought up by his mother, Mary (Albert) Armstrong, and his maternal grandmother. He showed an early interest in music, and a junk dealer for whom he worked as a grade-school student helped him buy a cornet, which he taught himself to play. He dropped out of school at 11 to join an informal group, but on December 31, 1912, he fired a gun during a New Year's Eve celebration, and was sent to reform school. He studied music there and played cornet and bugle in the school band, eventually becoming its leader. He was released on June 16, 1914, and did manual labor while trying to establish himself as a musician. He was taken under the wing of cornetist Joe "King" Oliver, and when Oliver moved to Chicago in June 1918, Armstrong replaced him in the Kid Ory Band. He moved to the Fate Marable band in the spring of 1919, staying with Marable until the fall of 1921.
Armstrong moved to Chicago to join Oliver's band in August 1922 and made his first recordings as a member of the group in the spring of 1923. He married Lillian Harden, the pianist in the Oliver band, on February 5, 1924. (She was the second of his four wives.) With her encouragement, he left Oliver and joined Fletcher Henderson's band in New York, staying for a year and then going back to Chicago in November 1925 to join the Dreamland Syncopators, his wife's group. During this period, he switched from cornet to trumpet.
He continued to tour extensively, despite a heart attack in June 1959. In 1964, he scored a surprise hit with his recording of the title song from the Broadway musical Hello, Dolly!, which reached number one in May, followed by a gold-selling album of the same name. It won him a Grammy for best vocal performance. This pop success was repeated internationally four years later with "What a Wonderful World," which hit number one in the U.K. in April 1968. It did not gain as much notice in the U.S. until 1987, when it was used in the film Good Morning, Vietnam, after which it became a Top 40 hit. Armstrong was featured in the 1969 film of Hello, Dolly!, performing the title song as a duet with Barbra Streisand. He performed less frequently in the late '60s and early '70s, and died of a heart ailment in 1971 at the age of 69. A year later, he was honored with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
As an artist, Armstrong was embraced by two distinctly different audiences: jazz fans who revered him for his early innovations as an instrumentalist but were occasionally embarrassed by his lack of interest in later developments in jazz, especially his willingness to serve as a light entertainer; and pop fans, who delighted in his joyous performances, particularly as a vocalist, but were largely unaware of his significance as a jazz musician. Given his popularity, his long career, and the extensive label-jumping he did in his later years, as well as the differing jazz and pop sides of his work, his recordings are extensive and diverse, with parts of his catalog owned by numerous companies. But many of his recorded performances are masterpieces, and none are less than entertaining.[1]

Some of his works include the following:

"Stardust" (1931)
"What a Wonderful World" (1967)
"Blueberry Hill" (1949)
"When You're Smiling" (1929, 1932, and 1956)

Census 1940

New York, New York [2]


Flushing Cemetery, Flushing, Queens, New York
Plot: Section 9[3]


  1. https://www.allmusic.com/artist/louis-armstrong-mn0000234518/biography
  2. "1940 United States Census," Census Place: New York, New York, New York; Roll: T627_2672; Page: 63A; Enumeration District: 31-1963. Source Information:Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
    Name: Louis Armstrong
    Age: 39
    Estimated Birth Year: abt 1901
    Gender: Male
    Race: Negro (Black)
    Birthplace: Louisiana
    Marital Status: Married
    Relation to Head of House: Head
    Home in 1940: New York, New York, New York, Street: West 145 St.
    House Number: 101
    Inferred Residence in 1935: Chicago, Cook, Illinois
    Residence in 1935: Chicago, Cook, Illinois
    Institution: Curry Hotel
    Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 5
    Occupation: Musician
    Attended School or College: No
    Highest Grade Completed: Elementary school, 8th grade
    Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 56
    Class of Worker: Wage or salary worker in private work
    Weeks Worked in 1939: 40
    Income: 15000
    Income Other Sources: No
    Household Members:
    Name Age
    Louis Armstrong 39
    Alpha B Armstrong 33
  3. Find A Grave: Memorial #36


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