The National Genealogical Society Quarterly, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 101-104, contains an excellent article, "The Arner Family", by George B.L. Arner of Washington DC, dated Sep 1950 [photocopy with ltr Meyers to HRJ 21 Jun 1991] whence the following:
Johann Ulrich Aner, age 34, with his wife Verena (nee Eberhard), age 33, and children Verena, 9, Felix, 8, Hans Ulrich Jr., 5, and Margaret, 4, left their ancestral home in Windlach, parish of Stadel in the Canton of Zuerich, Switzerland, in the early autumn of 1734. After 8 months of adventure and hardship, they landed at Philadelphia to begin life in a new world. From this little family are descended the Arners, the Aurners, and the Orners of Pennsylvania and elsewhere in the United States, and possibly the Arners of Canada. Many of the early descendants fought for the rebels in the Revolutionary War; the Canadian branch descended from a Jacob Arner, loyalist from Pennsylvania who had to leave when his side lost the war.
The story of the journey from Switzerland is unusually well documented. First, the parish register of Stadel has the entry: "Anno 1734 there left Windlach, Hans Ulrich Aner, baptized 5 Dec 1699." In Faust's "Lists of Swiss Immigrants" the name is transcribed as Auer, but the names of the wife and children and the dates of baptism check with other records. On the passenger list of the ship "Mercury", as given by Rupp, and also by Strassburger and Hinke, the names of the members of the Aner family and their ages check with Swiss records. Finally, Dr. W.J. Hinke, in his "History of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge" lists them as members of the "Goetschy party".
It thus appears that the Aners joined a party of emigrants organized and led by the Rev. Mauritz Goetschy, a Reformed pastor of Zuerich. An account of the journey of this band to the port of Rotterdam is told by one Wilhelm Weber, a member of the party who became dissatisfied and returned to Zuerich. The only known copy of the pamphlet in which Weber told his story, is in the city library in Zuerich. A partial translation and abstract of the pamphlet is given by Dr. Hinke. Weber writes that the party left Zuerich 4 Oct 1734, and proceeded to Laufenburg on the Rhine, where a boat was found which took it to Basel. There it was obliged to wait for some time for a passport from the French commander at Strassbourg. Some of the party, impatient at the delay, left on foot to go overland through France, but Weber did not know what became of them. The main party, 194 persons, finally embarked on two boats. On the journey they went ashore as often as possible to warm themselves and dry their clothes. Europe was then at war over the disputed election to the throne of Poland, and the boats were stopped many times by both the French and the Imperial armies and much of their scanty supply of money was extorted from them. They were also in danger from the gunfire of both armies which were camped along either side of the Rhine. Their troubles, according to Weber, were increased by the incompetence of their leader, who spent much of the time drinking, and quarreling with his wife. He gave them very little spiritual consolation, and when he did preach, made personal remarks about certain members of the party, which aroused much dissention. When at last they arrived at Rotterdam, they were disappointed to find no ship waiting for them, and they waited for a long time while Goetschy negotiated for his appointment as a minister in the colonies. Some of the party, disgusted with the leader, returned to Zuerich. Since our only account of these events come from one of these disgruntled persons, we may hope that the Rev. Mauritz Goetschy was not as black as painted.
When the pastor's appointment finally arrived, it was for a charge in Philadelphia, and not for the Carolinas as the party had been led to expect, producing more dissention. Eventually 143 people signed for the passage to Philadelphia on the British ship "Mercury, William Wilson, Master. The fare was six doubloons (about $100) for an adult, 3 for a child.
An account of the voyage has survived, in the form of a letter written by Johann Heinrich Goetschy, 17-year-old son of the leader, to Herr Weidmuller, deacon in St. Peter's Church in Zuerich. He wrote that the entire voyage took 12 weeks, including a stop at Cowes on the Isle of Wight for provisions and medicines. There were storms, and many got a disease; the food was bad; the water "stinking, muddy, and full of worms". The captain was a brutal tyrant who became enraged at the sick. Unfavorable winds caused a 2-day wait in Delaware Bay, but Philadelphia was reached on 29 May 1735. The leader, Rev. Goetschy, was carried ashore ill; the next day he died. His son had already studied theology and soon began to preach; he was an early pastor of the Goshenhoppen Reformed Church and held other charges in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Johann Ulrich Arner and his family eventually settled in Northampton County, in the part which later became Lehigh County. In 1742 they were in Whitehall Twp., and 27 Feb 1744 he secured a warrant for 105 acres along Jordan Creek in North Whitehall. In 1746 he was one of the founders of the Heidelberg Reformed Church. In 1750 he sold 400 acres to Michael Deiber. The last mention of him in the records is in 1762 when he paid a tax of 5 pounds. In all early Pennsylvania records the name is spelled Arner.
Ltr Meyers to HRJ 21 Jun 1991 contains a transcript of record of the members of the family Aner (Arner, Orner) who emigrated in 1734 from Windlach (Zurich) to Carolina. It states that Hans Ulrich Aner was son of Heinrich Aner (Anner), tailor in Windlach, and Anna Meyerhofer from Weiach.
Same letter also contains photocopies of pp. 102-104 of National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 3, Sep 1950, which gives 4 direct-line ancestors of Johann (Hans) Ulrich Aner (Arner) baptized 5 Dec 1699 at Stadel, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, recorded herein. This Heinrich, father of Johann Ulrich Aner, was baptized at Stadel 9 Dec 1656, died at Windlach 3 Jan 1730. He married, 28 Nov 1682, Anna Meyerhoffer of Weiach, Canton of Zuerich, who was baptized at Weiach 29 Feb 1652, the daughter of Hans and Maria (Baechtinger) Meyerhofer. Heinrich Aner followed his father's trade as a tailor. Five children were baptized in Stadel, of whom the youngest was Johann (Hans) Ulrich Aner.
WikiTree profile Arner-20 created through the import of Thompson Family Tree (2)_2012-11-16.ged on Nov 16, 2012 by Daniel Thompson. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Daniel and others.
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