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Rachel (Arnould) Leonhard (abt. 1713 - 1766)

Rachel Leonhard formerly Arnould
Born about in Sprendlingen, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germanymap
Daughter of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 29 Jul 1755 (to about 1766) in Evangelisch, Sprendlingen, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadtmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Volga, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Oct 2016
This page has been accessed 102 times.


Volga German
Rachel (Arnould) Leonhard is a Volga German.
Rachel (Arnould) Leonhard has German Roots.

Family #5029 in the Kulberg Reports, page 320.
Family #80 in the 1755 Grimm census.

Rachel Arnould was born about 1735, in Sprendlingen, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt. [1] Her father was Friedrich Arnould.[1] She married Conrad Leonhard on 29 July 1755 in Sprendlingen.[1]

Marriage Record [2]

Name Conrad Leonhard
Spouse's Name Rahel Arnould [Rachel?]
Event Date 29 Jul 1755
Event Place Evangelisch, Sprendlingen, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt
Father's Name Johann Henrich Leonhard
Spouse's Father's Name Friedrich Arnould

She and her husband Conrad Leonhardt are mentioned in the Kulberg Reports, page 320. He was a Lutheran, a stocking maker from Isenberg, traveling under document number 5029. Also traveling with them were four sons:

  • Jacob, born in 1757
  • Conrad, born in 1759
  • Zerjak, born in 1762
  • Philipp, born in 1764

They arrived in Russia on 29 August 1766. They had departed from Luebeck on the ship Apollo, skippered by Detlov Merberg. [3]

By the time of the first census in Grimm, her husband was listed as a widower, and only two of her sons remained living. The grueling journey from Germany to St. Petersberg, Russia and then from St. Petersberg to the Volga area took many lives. It appears that Rachel, Conrad and Cyriak/Zerjak did not survive. A copy of the 1767 census listing follows.

1767 Grimm Census [4]

Family # 80
Head of the Household Konrad Leonhard, age 39, Lutheran farmer from Isenburg, widower
Child #1 Jakob Leonhard, age 12
Child #2 Philipp Leonhard, age 4

Research Notes


Johann Conrad Leonhard, a son of Johannes Leonhard & Elisabetha Schäffer, was born 22 February 1729 and baptized on 25 February 1729 in the Evangelical Church of Sprendlingen, today a constituent part of the town of Dreieich, located about 10 kilometers south of Frankfurt am Main, in Hesse.
He married to Rahel Arnould, a daughter of Friedrich Arnould, on 29 July 1755 in the same church. They had four known children, each baptized in Sprendlingen: (1) Johann Friedrich, born 13 May 1756 and baptized 16 May 1756; (2) Conrad, born 19 October 1759 and baptized 21 October 1759; (3) Cyriack, born 8 February 1762 and baptized on 10 February 1762; and (4) Johann Philipp, born 18 December 1764, and baptized 21 December 1764.
Johann Conrad Leonhard and his family emigrated to Russia, departing from Lübeck by the ship Apollo with the skipper Detlov Merberg. On 29 August 1766 the family arrived at the port in Oranienbaum, Russia.
The Leonhards settled in Grimm about 1 July 1767. They are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 80, along with the orphan Maria Katharina Schicketantz, a daughter of Johann Georg Schicketantz, who had been born on 29 June 1760 in Sprendlingen.
At the time of 1798 Grimm census, Philipp is recorded in Household No. Gm178 and son Jacob is in Household No. Gm179.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Center for Volga German Studies at Concordia University, Portland, Oregon, online resources, Origins, Leonhard_Grimm, see:
  2. "Deutschland Heiraten, 1558-1929," database, FamilySearch ( : 26 December 2014), Conrad Leonhard and Rahel Arnould, 29 Jul 1755; citing Evangelisch, Sprendlingen, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt; FHL microfilm 1,193,263.
  3. Pleve, Igor. List of Colonists to Russia in 1766, "Reports by Ivan Kulberg," Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Saratov State Technical University; Published in Saratov, Russia 2010; pages 318, 320.
  4. Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Band 2, Herausgegeben von Alfred Eisfeld under Mitarbeit von Sabine Eichwald, Published by the Nordost-Instsitut - 38085 Göttingen, 2005; page 84, family #80, Konrad Leonhard family.

See also:

  • Parish records of Sprendlingen (LDS Film No. 1193263).
  • Schmick, Henry. AHSGR Grimm VC,, Ahnentafel Chart for Koreen Printz Goodman to 12th Gen Michael Meisner and Anna Katharina Haag. Eleventh Generation: #1808 Johann Conrad Leonhardt (b. 22 Feb 1729 in Sprendtingen, Hessen, Germany). He married #1809 Rachel Arnould (b. 1713 in Sprendtingen, Hessen, Germany. She died in 1766). Rachel, Konrad, and Zerjack died after arrival in Orienberg and before reaching Grimm in 1767. Emailed to Koreen Goodman 20 Apr 2018.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots