Name: John Atwood, of Plymouth, Massachusetts. He is also found in the records as John Wood and John Wood alias Atwood.
Not to be confused with the John Atwood who was Ass't. Governor.
Disputed origins: The parents of this John Atwood are unknown. They are not known to be John Atwood and Joan Coleson as sometimes given. There reasons to believe that he was closely related to Stephen Atwood and Henry Atwood, but their relationship is not proven.
Born: About 1615.
Very rough estimate based on the estimated dates of his marriage and birth of children.
Married: Sarah Masterson, after 1637, presumably in Plymouth. She was the daughter of Richard Masterson and Mary Goodall.
Mary Atwood. Born probably after 1637 and before 1645. Married 1st John Holmes on 11 December 1661 at Plymouth. Married 2nd Majoe William Bradford about 1676. She died 6 January 1714/5 at Plymouth.
Sarah Atwood. Married John Fallowell on 13 February 1666/7 at Plymouth.
John Atwood. Born 4 March 1649 at Plymouth. Died before 7 March 1675/6 (when his father's will was proved).
Nathaniel Atwood born 25 February m Mary (possibly Mary Lucas, daughter of Thomas Lucas) died 17 December 1724.
Isaac Atwood b 27 Feb 1653, living as of March 1675/6
Abigail Atwood b between 1656 and 1660 m before 7 March 1675/6 Samuel Leonard
Mercy Atwood unmarried in June 1685; perhaps died 4 March 1697/8 (Ye Atte Wode Annals 9)
Elizabeth Atwood b before 1669 and perhaps as early as 1665 m before 10 July 1685 (deed) Caleb Nye.
Hannah Atwood b before March 1675/6, d at Plymouth 17 December 1718. m 1 February 1693 Richard Cooper.
Life in Plymouth Colony
In August of 1643, John Atwood was listed among those from Plymouth town (part of the larger Plymouth Colony) able to bear arms.
Died: Between 22 November 1675 and 7 March 1675/6, presumably at Plymouth, Massachusetts
Dates his will was made and proved.
Entire estate to wife Sarah. After her death to children.
Double portion to son John.
All the rest of my sons and daughters (not named).
However, the eldest son John was dead (unmarried and without children) before 7 March 1675/6 when the will was probated. Administration of the estate was granted to the eldest surviving son Nathaniel who received the double portion. The rest of the estate was divided equally between Isaak Wood, Mistris Mary Holmes, widow, Sarah Fallowell, Abigaill Leanard, Mercye, Elizabeth, and Hannah Wood alias Attwood.
When Nathaniel Wood sold his portion of the land in Plymouth, the deed mentioned 'Sarah, my mother, relic widow of my late father John Wood alias Attwood; Mary, Sarah, Abigail, Mercy, Elizabeth, and Hannah my sisters." On the same day, widow Sarah Wood, Mary wife of Major William Bradford, Sarah the relic of John Followay, and Elizabeth wife of Caleb Nye released their interest in the same land.
Common Errors to Avoid
Incorrect parents: The parents of this John Atwood are unknown. They are not known to be John Atwood and Joan Coleson as sometimes given.
Incorrect birth date: He is sometimes said to have been born 14 December 1614 in St. Martin in the Field, London, England. There is no evidence to support this.
Other records have his immigration as 1629 aboard the Mayflower 14th voyage
↑ Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., “List of Those Able to Bear Arms in The Colony of New Plymouth in 1643,” The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 4 (1850): 255. The name John Atwood was later crossed out.
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., “List of Those Able to Bear Arms in The Colony of New Plymouth in 1643,” The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 4 (1850): 255. Note: Both "Mr. John Atwood" and "John Atwood" appear on this list. "Mr. John Atwood" was later crossed out and would refer to Assistant to the Governor. "John Wood" appears later, followed directly by "Henry Wood" and "Steephen Wood."
The Mayflower Descendant, vol. 44 no. 2 (July 1992): 137-142. John Wood alias Atwood of Plymouth, Massachusetts, by Alicia Crane Williams. AmericanAncestors.org LINK