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Martin Aucoin migrated from France to Acadia.
Martin Aucoin was born about 1651 in France.
His parents are not known.
Around 1673, Martin married Marie Gaudet, daughter of Denis Gaudet and Martine Gauthier. According to one descendant, their marriage took place in Port-Royal, Acadia.
Between about 1674 and before 1707 the couple had 19 children: Martin, Marie, Michel, Isabelle (Elisabeth), Louise, Agnès, twins Alexis and Augustin, Cécile, Anne-Marie, Pierre, René, Catherine, Antoine, Françoise, Joseph, Jean, Charles, and an unknown girl.
Between 1679 and 1686 his children were born in Beaubassin. In 1686 the family settled in the Minas Basin near Rivière des Canards, and were counted at Baye des Mines in the census. They were again counted there in 1693;
in 1701 at Rivère des Canards;
and in 1707 at Mines.
Martin gave a deposition during the trial of Jean Campagna from Beaubassin, accused of sorcery. The trial took place in 1684 and 1685.
In 1704, the family may have been affected by the raid on Grand-Pré. Benjamin Church arrived on the frigate Adventure proclaiming that settlers should surrender within the hour. He was thwarted by the tides, which prevented access to settlements along the narrow brooks but made them targets for Acadians and Mi’kmaq on shore. Some of the inhabitants had time to escape to the woods with their valuables. Then Church’s men start pillaging; two of his men were killed during a skirmish with the villagers. Grand-Pré was set on fire and the dykes were damaged.
The after-effects of the raid were fairly mild. Slaughtered animals were eventually replaced and homes and dykes repaired. However, a drought the previous year and the loss of crops from the raid created a shortage of flour for 1704-05.
Martin Aucoin died in Grand Pré on May 14, 1711 and was buried there on the same day.
His widow was counted in the 1714 Acadian census at Rivère des Canards: Widow AUCOIN, 2 sons.
c1651 birth, in France
c1673 marriage to Mare Gaudet
c1674 birth, son Martin
c1676 birth, daughter Marie
c1677 birth, son Michel
c1679 birth, daughter Isabelle (Elsabeth) in Beaubassin
1681 birth, daughter Louise in Beaubassin
1682 birth, daughter Agnès in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Alexis (twin) in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Augustin (twin) in Beaubassin
1686 birth, daughter Cécile in Beaubassin
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1687 birth, daughter Anne-Mare
c1689 birth, son Pierre
c1690 birth, son René
c1692 birth, daughter Catherine
1693 residence, in Minas Basin
c1694 birth, son Antoine
c1696 birth, daughter Françoise
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1698 birth, son Joseph
c1698 birth, son Jean
c1698 birth, son Charles
c1707 birth, daughter unknown
1701 residence, in Rivère des Canards
1707 residence, in Minas Basin
1711 death, in Grand Pré
↑ 1.01.11.2 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p41-44; Note corrections.
Martin AUCOIN 46, Marie GODET his wife 36, Martin 20, Marie 18, Michel 16, Isabelle 14, Louise 13, Agnes 11, Cecile 9, Alexis 8, Anne Marie 6, Pierre 4, Paul 3, Caterine 1; 14 cattle, 10 sheep, 4 hogs, 8 arpents, 1 gun.
↑ Link to the 35-page manuscript of the depositions, interrogations and other proceedings. “Procès de Jean Campagna, prisonnier, 45 ans, laboureur, natif d'Angoulins en Aunis, demeurant à Beaubassin en Acadie, accusé de sorcellerie, 26 septembre 1684 - 28 juin 1685“, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, accessed at https://numerique.banq.qc.ca/patrimoine/details/52327/3372917
↑ 10.010.1 Naomi E.S. Griffiths, From Migrant to Acadian: a North-American Border People, 1604-1755 (Montreal, Québec: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005) pp. 147-151 (King William’s War) and pp. 207-9 (1704 Raid on Grand-Pré and after-effects)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Martin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with Martin: