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Martin Aucoin (abt. 1651 - 1711)

Martin Aucoin
Born about in La Rochelle, Aunis, Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about 1673 in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died in Grand Pré, Riviere Aux Canards, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 20 May 2011
This page has been accessed 6,193 times.
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Martin Aucoin is an Acadian.
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Biography

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Flag of France
Martin Aucoin migrated from France to Acadia.
Flag of Acadia

Martin Aucoin was born about 1651[1] in France.[2] His parents are not known.[3]

Around 1673, Martin married Marie Gaudet, daughter of Denis Gaudet and Martine Gauthier. According to one descendant, their marriage took place in Port-Royal, Acadia.[2] Between about 1674 and before 1707 the couple had 19 children: Martin, Marie, Michel, Isabelle (Elisabeth), Louise, Agnès, twins Alexis and Augustin, Cécile, Anne-Marie, Pierre, René, Catherine, Antoine, Françoise, Joseph, Jean, Charles, and an unknown girl.[1]

Between 1679 and 1686 his children were born in Beaubassin. In 1686 the family settled in the Minas Basin near Rivière des Canards, and were counted at Baye des Mines in the census.[4] They were again counted there in 1693;[5] in 1701 at Rivère des Canards;[6] and in 1707 at Mines.[7]

Martin gave a deposition during the trial of Jean Campagna from Beaubassin, accused of sorcery. The trial took place in 1684 and 1685.[8][9]

In 1704, the family may have been affected by the raid on Grand-Pré. Benjamin Church arrived on the frigate Adventure proclaiming that settlers should surrender within the hour. He was thwarted by the tides, which prevented access to settlements along the narrow brooks but made them targets for Acadians and Mi’kmaq on shore. Some of the inhabitants had time to escape to the woods with their valuables. Then Church’s men start pillaging; two of his men were killed during a skirmish with the villagers. Grand-Pré was set on fire and the dykes were damaged.[10]

The after-effects of the raid were fairly mild. Slaughtered animals were eventually replaced and homes and dykes repaired. However, a drought the previous year and the loss of crops from the raid created a shortage of flour for 1704-05.[10]

Martin Aucoin died in Grand Pré on May 14, 1711 and was buried there on the same day.[11][1][12] His widow was counted in the 1714 Acadian census at Rivère des Canards: Widow AUCOIN, 2 sons.

Timeline

c1651 birth, in France
c1673 marriage to Mare Gaudet
c1674 birth, son Martin
c1676 birth, daughter Marie
c1677 birth, son Michel
c1679 birth, daughter Isabelle (Elsabeth) in Beaubassin
1681 birth, daughter Louise in Beaubassin
1682 birth, daughter Agnès in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Alexis (twin) in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Augustin (twin) in Beaubassin
1686 birth, daughter Cécile in Beaubassin
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1687 birth, daughter Anne-Mare
c1689 birth, son Pierre
c1690 birth, son René
c1692 birth, daughter Catherine
1693 residence, in Minas Basin
c1694 birth, son Antoine
c1696 birth, daughter Françoise
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1698 birth, son Joseph
c1698 birth, son Jean
c1698 birth, son Charles
c1707 birth, daughter unknown
1701 residence, in Rivère des Canards
1707 residence, in Minas Basin
1711 death, in Grand Pré

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p41-44; Note corrections.
  2. 2.0 2.1 White, Stephen A. Origins of the Pioneers of Acadia. According to the Depositions Made by Their Descendants at Belle- Ile-en-Mer in 1767.
  3. Stephen A. White originally wrote that Martin was probably the son of the other Martin Aucoin, but has since stated that that is incorrect. (DGFA-1, corrections p.41)
  4. 1686 Acadian Census at Baye des Mines:
    Martin AUCOIN 35, Marie GAUDET 27; children: Martin 12, Marie 10, Michel 9, Isabelle 7, Louis 6, Agnesse 4, Alexis 3, Cecille 7 months; 1 gun, 15 cattle, 10 sheep, 6 hogs.
  5. 1693 Acadian census at Mines:
    Martin AUCOIN 46, Marie GODET his wife 36, Martin 20, Marie 18, Michel 16, Isabelle 14, Louise 13, Agnes 11, Cecile 9, Alexis 8, Anne Marie 6, Pierre 4, Paul 3, Caterine 1; 14 cattle, 10 sheep, 4 hogs, 8 arpents, 1 gun.
  6. 1701 Acadian census at Rivère des Canards:
    Martin AUCOIN, père [father or Sr.], his wife, 1 boy, 10 arpents, 15 cattle, 12 sheep, 8 hogs, 1 gun.
  7. 1707 Acadian census at Mines:
    Martin AUCOIN, his wife, 2 boys 14 or older, 4 younger boys, 2 girls 12 or older, 2 younger girls; 7 arpents, 15 cattle, 20 sheep, 12 hogs.
  8. Clarence-J. d’Entremont, “Jean Campagna, The Sorcerer,” Yarmouth Vanguard, Tuesday, May 29, 1990. Link to article :
    Jean Campagna the Sorcerer
    Jean Campagna le sorcier
  9. Link to the 35-page manuscript of the depositions, interrogations and other proceedings. “Procès de Jean Campagna, prisonnier, 45 ans, laboureur, natif d'Angoulins en Aunis, demeurant à Beaubassin en Acadie, accusé de sorcellerie, 26 septembre 1684 - 28 juin 1685“, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, accessed at https://numerique.banq.qc.ca/patrimoine/details/52327/3372917
  10. 10.0 10.1 Naomi E.S. Griffiths, From Migrant to Acadian: a North-American Border People, 1604-1755 (Montreal, Québec: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005) pp. 147-151 (King William’s War) and pp. 207-9 (1704 Raid on Grand-Pré and after-effects)
  11. Library and Archives Canada, Fonds de la paroisse catholique Saint-Charles-des-Mines (Grand-Pré, N.-É.) - 1869; Canadiana, Heritage, Parish registers: Nova Scotia : C-1869 (Image 823): http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c1870/823?r=0&s=4
    mort subitement le jour de l'Ascension au retour de la messe, ayant toujours vécu fort chrétiennement et avec édification
  12. Diocese of Baton Rouge Catholic Church Records: Acadian Records, 1707-1748, Volume 1a Revised (BR, LA: Catholic Diocese of Baton Rouge, 1999) p.13
    Martin Aucoin, age ca 60, habitant de la Riviere des Canards.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Martin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with Martin:

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Comments: 4

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Placide Gaudet, a Canadian historian, educator, genealogist and journalist reports the date of marriage as 1667.

See his handwritten notes @ http://cfml.ci.umoncton.ca/1755-html/index9e65.html?id=030101006&lang=en&style=G&admin=false&linking=

posted by Peter Geary
I removed the parents today (see changes). His parent's are not known.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Aucoin-253 and Aucoin-29 appear to represent the same person because: Updated vitals in Aucoin-253 per Stephen White's DGFA (Citation added) now match to Aucoin-29
posted by [Living Stone]
I'm disconnecting Martin from his parents again. As I wrote in the footnote, while Stephen White had previously thought that Martin was the son of Martin Aucoin and Marie Salle, he has since corrected that.
posted by Lianne Lavoie

Rejected matches › Martin Aucoin (abt.1674-)