Martin was born in about 1651 in France. His parents are not known.
Around 1673, Martin married Marie Gaudet, daughter of Denis Gaudet and Martine Gauthier. According to one descendant, their marriage took place in Port-Royal, Acadia. Between about 1674 and before 1707 the couple had 19 children: Martin, Marie, Michel, Isabelle (Elisabeth), Louise, Agnès, twins Alexis and Augustin, Cécile, Anne-Marie, Pierre, René, Catherine, Antoine, Françoise, Joseph, Jean, Charles, and an unknown girl.
Between 1679 and 1686 his children were born in Beaubassin. In 1686 the family settled in the Minas Basin near Rivière des Canards.
In 1704, the family may have been affected by the raid on Grand-Pré. Benjamin Church arrived on the frigate 'Adventure', proclaiming that settlers should surrender within the hour. He was thwarted by the tides which prevented access to settlements along the narrow brooks but made them targets for Acadians and Mi’kmaq on shore. Some of the inhabitants had time to escape to the woods with their valuables. Then Church’s men start pillaging; two of his men were killed during a skirmish with the villagers. Grand-Pré was set on fire and the dykes were damaged. The after-effects of the raid were fairly mild. Slaughtered animals were eventually replaced and homes and dykes repaired. However, a drought the previous year and the loss of crops from the raid created a shortage of flour for 1704-05.
Martin died in Grand Pré on May 14 1711 and was buried there on the 14th:
"mort subitement le jour de l'Ascension au retour de la messe, ayant toujours vécu fort chrétiennement et avec édification"
"Martin Aucoin, age ca 60, habitant de la Riviere des Canards"
c1651 birth, in France
c1673 marriage to Mare Gaudet
c1674 birth, son Martin
c1676 birth, daughter Marie
c1677 birth, son Michel
c1679 birth, daughter Isabelle (Elsabeth) in Beaubassin
1681 birth, daughter Louise in Beaubassin
1682 birth, daughter Agnès in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Alexis (twin) in Beaubassin
1684 birth, son Augustin (twin) in Beaubassin
1686 birth, daughter Cécile in Beaubassin
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1687 birth, daughter Anne-Mare
c1689 birth, son Pierre
c1690 birth, son René
c1692 birth, daughter Catherine
1693 residence, in Minas Basin
c1694 birth, son Antoine
c1696 birth, daughter Françoise
1686 residence, in Minas Basin
c1698 birth, son Joseph
a1698 birth, son Jean
a1698 birth, son Charles
b1707 birth, daughter unknown
1701 residence, in Rivère des Canards
1707 residence, in Minas Basin
1711 death, in Grand Pré
1686 Acadian Census at Baye des Mines: Martin AUCOIN 35, Marie GAUDET 27; children: Martin 12, Marie 10, Michel 9, Isabelle 7, Louis 6, Agnesse 4, Alexis 3, Cecille 7 months; 1 gun, 15 cattle, 10 sheep, 6 hogs.
1693 Acadian census at Mines: Martin AUCOIN 46, Marie GODET his wife 36, Martin 20, Marie 18, Michel 16, Isabelle 14, Louise 13, Agnes 11, Cecile 9, Alexis 8, Anne Marie 6, Pierre 4, Paul 3, Caterine 1; 14 cattle, 10 sheep, 4 hogs, 8 arpents, 1 gun.
1701 Acadian census at Rivère des Canards: Martin AUCOIN, père [father or Sr.], his wife, 1 boy, 10 arpents, 15 cattle, 12 sheep, 8 hogs, 1 gun.
1707 Acadian census at Mines: Martin AUCOIN, his wife, 2 boys 14 or older, 4 younger boys, 2 girls 12 or older, 2 younger girls; 7 arpents, 15 cattle, 20 sheep, 12 hogs.
↑ 4.04.1 Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian: a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 207-9 (1704 Raid on Grand-Pré and after-effects)
↑ Diocese of Baton Rouge Catholic Church Records: Acadian Records, 1707-1748, Volume 1a Revised. Catholic Diocese of Baton Rouge, 1999. p13
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Martin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Martin:
I'm disconnecting Martin from his parents again. As I wrote in the footnote, while Stephen White had previously thought that Martin was the son of Martin Aucoin and Marie Salle, he has since corrected that.