' Stephen F Austin has been considered as the "Father of Texas".
Stephen Fuller was born 3 Nov 1793 in Wythe County, Virginia, to parents Moses Austin and Mary Brown. The family then moved to a lead mining district called today Potosi, Missouri. Father, Moses had received a sitio from the Spanish government in this area.
He was educated at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. His first role in public life was serving in the legislature of the Missouri Territory. In 1820, he was appointed circuit judge for the 1st Judicial District by the governor of the Arkansas Territory. The next move was to Louisiana in Nov 1820 where he studied law.
While Stephen was moving around, his father, Moses was awarded an empresario grant by Spanish Texas. This grant was to bring in colonization to the area (300 families known as Old 300 Hundred).This Old 300 Colony from 1821 to 1836) ils referred as one of the most successful colonies of Texas history. The historical events that followed owe some of the origin to this colony. Also populatioln of Fort Bend was high. n. has been called the most successful colonization movement in American history. There actually were (297 settlers, but the name remained "Old 300).
The grant was assumed by Stephen after his father's death. His mother Mary insisted that he go to Texas and oversee the grant. Austin moved to the Texas colony. He reached San Antonio, at the time that Mexico gained its independence from Spain. He was friends with Jose Antonio Navarro who assisted him with the empressario contracts.
Mexico did authorize his grant, so Austin began exploring to determine where to place the colony. "Old 300" were the settlers who came to Texas and received land grants as part of Stephen F. Austin's first contract for his first colony contract in Mexican Texas . These families had come from the area of Trans-Appalachian South. Most were of British ancestry, with the money to establish and settle.  
He advertised the land grant to the families to settle along the Brazos and Colorado rivers. The grant would provide heads of families a league and labor of land (4,605 acres). The first 300 families arrived and became known as Old Three Hundred. Then he began on other contracts (900 families) 1825-27. In 1834, Austin was arrested as the Mexican government felt he was advocating a revolution. While he was in prison in Mexico, the Texas Revolution began without him.
Austin ran for election as president of the new Republic of Texas. Sam Houston won this election.
Stephen Austin's colonies were located in present day Brazos, Austin, and Washington counties. Austin County, Texas in present-day Texas was named for this man as well as the Texas capital - Austin, Texas.
Austin never married, had no children. He left his land, titles, possessions to his sister, Emily Austin Perry.
Austin passed away Dec 27, 1836 of pneumonia near West Columbia, Texas at the home of George McKinstry.
Burial: Gulf Prairie Cemetery , Jones Creek, Brazoria County, Texas, Republic of Texas. 
Memorial: Texas State Cemetery, Republic Hill, Section 1 (C1), Row L, Number 20, Austin, Travis County, Texas
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