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Johann Christian Axer (1711 - abt. 1767)

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Johann Christian (Christian) Axer
Born in Arsheim/Albig, Pfalz, Germanymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Armsheim, Kriegsfeld, Germanymap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Lancaster Co., Pennsylvaniamap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Apr 2013
This page has been accessed 737 times.

Categories: Palatine Migrants | Tulpehocken Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania | First Reformed Church, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania | Blacksmiths | Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland | Lancaster County, Pennsylvania | German Immigrants to Pennsylvania.

Christian Axer was a Palatine Migrant.
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  • Born 17 NOV 1711 in Arsheim/Albig, Pfalz, Germany[1][2][3]
  • Died SEP 1767 in Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania[4]
  • Buried 5 SEP 1767, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania[5]
  • Married 4 JUL 1742 in Armsheim, Kriegsfeld, Germany


  • Source: S191 Title: Register of the First Reformed Congregation of Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Source: S146 Type: Book Author: F. Edward Wright Periodical: Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century Publication: Willow Bend Books, 65 East Main Street, Westminster, Maryland 21157-5026 Volume: 2 Page: 202
  • Source: S189 Title: Vereinigte Protestantisch-Evang.-Christl. Kirche der Pfalz, Kriegsfeld u. Morsfeld. Heir. Gest. U. Tf. 1723-1798" p. 298
  • Source: S190
Title: R.L. Oxier research; see file sent - Saturday, November 13, 2004 10:36 AM
Subject: new Auxier/Auxer/Axer research discoveries
Dear Auxier/Auxer/Axer researchers: Since changing software I have lost me mailing list for Auxier/Auxer/Axer researchers. Please forward this message to all known family researchers who might be interested.
Thanks to the excellent research of RLO we have found the birth record of Christian Axer/Auxer! Johann Christian Axer was born Nov. 17, 1711 in the town of Albig, a small village located just 5 miles from Armsheim. His parents, Johann Frederich Axer and Catharina Hassermann were married in Albig on July 15, 1709.
Catharina Hassermann was the daughter of Hans Conrad Hassermann of Armsheim. In 1712 Johann Frederich Axer moved his family land owned by his father-in-law in Armsheim. An Armsheim land record dated April 30, 1721, shows the family still living in Armsheim.
Regrettably, the church records for Armsheim were destroyed during World War II and, therefore, we are unable to find the birth record of Michael Axer. The very important part of this new information is that the family of Johann Frederich Axer appears to be the ONLY Axer family ever to live in Armsheim Johann Frederich Axer's father was Johannes Axer from Albig.I know this is exciting news because it identifies the parents of Christian Axer/Auxer ... and probably the parents of our Michael!! :Thanks to Robbie for some excellent research!
John B. Wells, Newnan, Georgia


*This has me confused! How can he be buried in 1767 (First Reformed Church Records, Vol 2, p. 202), yet he filed suit on Barbara's behalf as executor of her estate in 1797? Couldn't be Christopher, since his death date was 1794. Who was this Christian?
*Christian substituted for Conrad Haas "on a touer of Duty" in 1781. He served as a private under Lt. Col. James Ross. He was active duty in the Militia. From: Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, volume VII, page 824
  • It is my belief that the second entry applies to Christopher, but all other sons were deceased by 1797 and grandsons were too young for there to be any male Axer to file suit on her behalf in 1797! This has me very perplexed!
  • Information from JBW indicates that he was a blacksmith
  • Name of first wife unknown

"Eighteenth Century Register of Emigrants from Southwest Germany" (to America and other countries); edited by Professor Werner Hacker, Closson Press, Apollo, Pennsylvania - 1994 from the collection at Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, page 11:

Last Name: AXER W, 7 CH
First name: CHRISTIAN
Place of Orgin: MORSFELD
Emigr 1749
De A
Source: X00072
"Auswanderungen aus Rheinpfalz und Saarland im 18. Jahrhundert," Konrad Theiss Verlag Stuttgart, from the collection at Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, page 199:
- #72
- Axer Christian, Morsfeld, mit Wb un Kdrn nach Psy; Mm(o wegan Armut).
- -61/9183:548 n 26.
- Am
- 1749
- 05
- 06
From: R.L. Oxier
Sent: Wednesday, November 17, 2004 4:46 PM
Subject: Re: Axer sources
Here are some of the sources for the information. I will site more a little later. Rob
- Johann Friederich Axer was born 1686 (1) ,
- He was the son of Johannes and Anna Margaretha Axer.
- Friederich was confirmed in 1701(2) in Lonsheim.
- Friederich married (3) Anna Catharina Hassermann, daughter of Hans Conrad Hassermann on 15 July 1709.
- Friederich and Catharina had child: Johann Christian Axer, born (4) 17 Nov 1711 in Albig. Godparent: Christian Ha.... (surname hard illegible, could be Hassermann)
- Johann Christian married first Unknown
- Johann Christian married second Maria Barbara Wentz, daughter of Heinrich Wentz on 24 July 1742 in Armsheim (5) (In the Reformed baptism records for Kriegsfeld, Christian does not appear as a father or Godfather/Sponsor)
- Friederich is shown living in Armsheim in 1721,
- in the STA DA, C2, # 369/1-4; "Renovation" of Real Estate Records. (Darmstadt Stadt Archivs)
- Several times Friterich Axer is given as a neighbor to various pieces of property such as " one piece of farmland located in the area called Florsheimer Gewand, uphill bounded by Friterich Axer, downhill bounded by Henrich Eybach.
- No other Axer is mention in any other available Armsheim Record. Also in the same STA DA, C2, # 369/1-4; "Renovation" of Real Estate Records, in the 1700, in Lonsheim, The first Axer name appears. The file names jurymen in Lonsheim, and we find the name Johannes Axtner, Many time Johannes Axer is mentioned as a tenant of various pieces of land. In 1721 the immergence of Michael and Peter Axer appear. In 1736 Lonsheim, Michael Axer and Peter are listed but Johannes died earlier in the year. Johannes was born in 1646 (6), and died on 20 Jan 1736 (7).
1.) Calculated from his age at Confirmation. Reformed Churchbook of Albig
2.) Reformed Churchbook of Albig, conf. 1699-1757, pg 210
3.) Reformed Churchbook of Albig, m. 1690-1756, pg 276
4.) Reformed Churchbook of Albig, b. 1690-1757, pg 30
5.) Reformed Churchbook of Kriegsfeld, m.1723-1799, pg 92
6.) Calculated from his age at death. Reformed Churchbook of Bermersheim.
7.) Reformed Churchbook of Bermersheim. d. 1723-1797, pg 220.


  • Christian, b.1710, d.1797 Settled in Lancaster Co., Pa. married in 1742 to Maria Barbara b.1715 d.1797. Children include the following:
Anna Maria (m. John George REDSECKER),
Christopher (m. Catarina DANNER),
Henry, b. 24 Nov 1758, Lancaster County,
Elizabeth (m. Philip KLEISS)
and Michael (m. Margaret).
aged 58 years at death.
  • According to Varden Leesa, Christian traveled from Morsfeld with his wife and children to Pennsylvania. He was without a Manumission and was going because of poverty.
  • 2 July 2001, John B. Wells ~ Just returned from Germany and a fabulous visit to the towns of Armsheim, Lonsheim and Flonheim. These three villages are located less than 1 1/2 miles apart and were the 18th century homes of our Axer/Auxier family. Regrettably, the Americans bombed most of the local records in WWII, but there is a 1691 list of residents of Armsheim that includes only one Axer ... Georg Axer. "IF" our Johann Michael Axer(Michael Auxier) was born there it is likely that Georg was his father or grandfather. It makes sense because Michael Auxier named his firstborn son George. There were members of the Axer family in the area at least until 1810. A Michael Axer from Lonsheim helped determine the boundary line between Armsheim and Lonsheim in that year. Sigh! I wish our boys had chosen somewhere else to bomb in 1944!
  • On September 15, 1749, Michael Axer was joined in America by his relative Christian Axer. He arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, along with his wife and children, on board the Ship Edinburgh from Rotterdam via Portsmouth, England. According to his German manumission permit dated 1749 Christian Axer was a resident of Mörsfeld, a small town located two miles north of Kriegsfeld in the Palatinate region of what is now Germany.
The Reformed(Protestant) Church of Kriegsfeld served both the villages of Kriegsfeld and Mörsfeld, and the marriage register included the following entry: [1742] 24 Juli segund(segen) zu Armsheim, copulirt worden Christian Axer wittwer von dar, und mit Jfru Maria Barbara, des Johannes Heinrich Wentzen, Gerichtsverwandten zu Mörsfeld, ehelic Tochter.
The marriage record is written in a local version of Old German called Rhine Franconian and is translated as: "July 24 [1742] blessed at Armsheim, Christian Axer, a widower from there, was joined with Miss Maria Barbara, legitimate daughter of Johann Heinrich Wentz, councilman for Mörsfeld."
The marriage record is extremely important in that it establishes the residence of Christian Axer as Armsheim, a small village located seven miles northeast of Mörsfeld. It also shows that this was his second marriage and that he married well. Johann Heinrich Wentz was a town councilman for the village of Mörsfeld. A union with the daughter of a town councilman brought instant respect and social standing. Since his manumission permit (permission to leave Germany) in 1749 listed his residence as Mörsfeld, it appears that Christian Axer moved from Armsheim to his wife's hometown soon after their marriage.
  1. Source: #S189 Page: Information from John B. Wells, via Auxier Family Newsletter
  2. Source: #S190
  3. Source: #S41 Page: 1475626, page 30, Reformed Churchbook of Albig, births 1690-1757, Reformed Churchbook of Albig, births 1690-1757, pag, e 30:, Johann Christian born 17 Nov 1711 in Albig, parents: Frederich Axer and Anna Catharina, witness: Christain Ha---, --
  4. Source: #S146
  5. Source: #S191 Christian Axer was buried September 5, 1767, age 58 years.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Christian by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Christian:

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