shows that on 7 April 1879 Giuseppa Callari presented the newborn to officials in the town of Termini Imerese, Palermo, Sicily, Italy. She was born on 6 April 1879 and was the child of her deceased father Antonino Azzarello and of Antonina Graziano.
She received approval to marry Nicolo Arrigo on 5 Feb 1898,
and although the record of her death
indicates that the actual marriage took place on 6 Feb 1898, the civil marriage record
states that the marriage took place on 5 Feb 1898. The marriage bann also records the parents of Nicolo Arrigo as Girolamo Arrigo and Maria Coniglio, and the parents of Maria as Antonina Graziano and the deceased Antonino Azzarello.
Immigration to Lincoln, Nebraska
On 11 Mar 1898 the Fulda departed the port of Naples, and arrived in New York at Ellis Island on 23 Mar 1898.
On lines 23-29 of the manifest, six passengers from Termini of Italian citizenship listed their destination as Lincoln, Nebraska, with Maria and her husband Nicolo on lines 24 and 25. All state they have never been in prison, are not polygamists, not under contract to labor in the US, in good physical health, and not deformed or crippled:
Line 23 -- Bartolomeo Azzarello, age 12, male, single, countryman, able to read and write, no ticket to Lincoln, passage paid by father for $15, first trip to the US, going to stay with Nick Arrigo
Line 24 -- Nicolo Arrigo, age 26, male, married, countryman, able to read and write, has a ticket to Lincoln, passage of $115 paid by himself covered Maria Azzarello as well, previous trip to US was also in Lincoln and lasted about 5.5 years from 1892-1897, going to stay with brother Agostino Arrigo on O St in Lincoln
Line 25 -- Maria Azzarello, age 18, female, married, countrywoman, not able to read and write, has a ticket to Lincoln, passage paid by Nicolo Arrigo for $115 total, first trip to the US, going to stay with Nick Arrigo at his brother Agostino's
Line 26 -- Pasquale Azzarello, age 40, male, married, countryman, able to read and write, no ticket to Lincoln, passage paid by himself for $50, first trip to the US, going to stay with his cousin Agostino Arrigo at 1315 O St in Lincoln
Line 28 -- Filippo Geraci, age 35, male, married, countryman, not able to read and write, no ticket to Lincoln, passage paid by himself for $35, first trip to the US, going to stay with his brother-in-law Antonio Arrigo at 1315 O St in Lincoln
Line 29 -- Santo Arrigo, age 29, male, married, countryman, not able to read and write, no ticket to Lincoln, passage paid by himself for $32, previous trip to US was also in Lincoln and lasted about 4 years from 1889-1893, going to stay with brother Agostino Arrigo at 1315 O St in Lincoln
The United States Italians to America Index, 1855-1900,
also records many of the same details for Maria, but states the departure port was Genoa, that her immigration date was 24 Mar 1898, and lists her occupation as a farmer.
Maria gave birth to at least one son, Anthony James Arrigo, and the marriage of Nick and Maria, along with the 1910 census for Nick,
suggest that she had three other children with Nick prior to Anthony.
On 16 Sep 1906 two newspapers in Lincoln announce the death of a woman with the last name Arrigo who was 27 years old when she died on 15 Sep 1906 at 1445 P St, both with funeral announcements to follow. As of 12 Oct 2021 I have not yet found the funeral announcements in the papers available on newspapers.com. The Nebraska State Journal refers to her as Mary, wife of Nicholas Arrigo.
The Lincoln Star refers to her as Marie Arrigo, wife of Michael Arrigo, and gives the time of death as 4PM.
Since both papers contain the same details except for the first name of the husband, and since the death of Maria Azzarello in Lincoln is documented in records in Italy with the same details as the deaths described in these papers, I believe The Lincoln Star simply contains a misprint in referring to her as the wife of Michael Arrigo.
On 15 Sep 1906, H.W. Orr, M.D. certifies that Marie Graziana Arrigo died of typhoid fever in Lincoln, Lancaster, Nebraska, United States.
The death certificate shows that she was 27 years old, a married housewife, born in Italy to unknown parents, with the information supplied by the city undertaker Walton S. Roberts, who buried her in the city on 17 Sep 1906. Graziano was the maiden name of her mother, which could explain the use of that name. To further support this, her death is also recorded in her hometown, Termini Imerese, with both an original English document,
and a translation of that document into Italian, of which there is also a translation back into English. Her death appears in the index for 1907, though she actually died in 1906.
These records show that on 12 Sep 1907 Maria Coniglio, mother-in-law of Maria Azzarello, wanted her translated death certificate to be transcribed in the Termini Imerese records. The details are provided by a priest named Rev. Father George Agius D.D. from Lincoln who knew of her death personally and who officiated the ceremony on 17 Sep 1906 when she was buried at Calvary Cemetery in Lincoln. He states that she died at her house in Lincoln of typhoid fever after being sick for about a month. He states that Maria was the daughter of Antonina Graziano and the deceased Antonino Azzarello, and that she was born 6 April 1879 in Termini Imerese. The translation gives 1874 as the year of her birth, and in the transcription the number is unclear, but the original shows the year as 1879. Finally, Father Agius states that Maria married Nicola Arrigo on 6 Feb 1898, who was the son of Girolamo and Maria Coniglio. These details were sworn to by Rev. George Agius on 6 Dec 1906 and notarized by John J. Ledwith.
"United States Italians to America Index, 1855-1900," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDWB-2XG : 27 December 2014), Maria Azzarello, 24 Mar 1898; citing Italians to America Passenger Data File, 1855-1900, Ship Fulda, departed from Genoa, arrived in New York, New York, New York, United States, NAID identifier 1746097, National Archives at College Park, Maryland.
"United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:ML42-L37 : accessed 8 October 2021), Nick Arrigo, Garfield, Lancaster, Nebraska, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 41, sheet 12B, family 111, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 849; FHL microfilm 1,374,862.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Maria by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Maria: