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Anna Catharina (Bärechin) Schäfer (abt. 1740 - abt. 1766)

Anna Catharina (Catharina) Schäfer formerly Bärechin
Born about in Hessen, Germanymap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 1761 in Denmarkmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Oranienbaum, Petergof, Saint Petersburg, Russiamap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 11 Aug 2017
This page has been accessed 54 times.

Biography

Volga German
Catharina (Bärechin) Schäfer is a Volga German.
Catharina (Bärechin) Schäfer has German Roots.

Germany-Denmark-Russia

A22-28 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766

B-1414 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766

Rus14-36The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766

Family #42 in the 1775 Grimm census.


Anna Catharina Bärechin traveled from Germany to Denmark with her fiancee, Jakob Schäfer, and his family. Shortly before they left, her future father-in-law passed away. The family continued with their plans for immigration.

They arrived in the Danish town of Schleswig on 30 May 1761, and the adults took their oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761. [1] By August, Anna Catharina and Jacob had married and were given a separate house from the rest of the family. They lived at Number 13 Scholten Hof in Colony G14 Julianenebene, near Gottorf. [1] One year later their first child was born, Johann Kaspar.

The marshlands were very inhospitable to farmers. Although the Germans were good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark. When Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia, Jacob and his brothers Johann Georg and Johann Caspar decided it offered them a better opportunity than what was there for them in Denmark.

By 18 February 1765 the family had left Denmark to immigrate for Russia.[1] These three brothers are verified as having immigrated to Grimm, Russia, apparently keeping their family together. As early arriving immigrants, they were first housed in another already-established village until the Volga villages were ready to be settled. I have not yet found a census that confirms where they were living in 1767.

In 1775, however, her husband was married to a different person. This indicates that Anna Catharina was no longer living. It is very possible that she did not survive the journey to the Volga River area eight years earlier. The five-year gap between the birth of Johann Kaspar and his next sibling suggests that she passed away during that time. Sister Elisabeth Magdalena was born in 1767, and all subsequent children were born 2 to 3 years apart after that. It seems likely that Anna Catharina died in Oranienbaum and that her husband quickly remarried, allowing for the birth of Elisabeth Magdalena in 1767. A copy of the 1775 entry for this family is show below to show the research for the family members.


1775 Grimm Census [2]

Family # 42
Head of the Household Jakob Schäfer, age 36
Wife Anna Barbara Schäfer, age 27
Child #1 Johann Kaspar Schäfer, age 13
Child #2 Georg Jakob Schäfer, age 6 months
Child #3 Elisabeth Magdalena Schäfer, age 8
Child #4 Katharina Elisabeth Schäfer, age 6
Child #5 Regina Schäfer, age 3


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 262, 575, and 673.
  2. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #42 in the 1775 census, Jakob Schäfer family.


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Categories: Grimm | German Roots