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Elizabeth (Badlesmere) de Bohun (abt. 1313 - 1356)

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Elizabeth de Bohun formerly Badlesmere aka de Badlesmere, de Mortimer
Born about in Kent, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married (to ) in Ernwood, (in Kinlet), Shropshire, Englandmap
Wife of — married about (to ) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Rochford, Essex, Englandmap
Badlesmere-5 created 19 Oct 2010 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 2,931 times.

Categories: Clare-651 Descendants | Clare-673 Descendants | Lacy-284 Descendants | Quincy-226 Descendants | Tong Parish, Kent | Magna Carta.

European Aristocracy
Elizabeth (Badlesmere) de Bohun is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Elizabeth (Badlesmere) de Bohun is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Elizabeth (Badlesmere) de Bohun is a descendant of Magna Carta surety baron John de Lacy & other surety barons

Biography

Elizabeth de Badlesmere was born around 1313 at Chilham & Leeds, Kent, England; (age 25 in 1338).[1]

She was the daughter and eventual co-heiress of Sir Bartholomew de Badlesmere of Chilham and Leeds, Kent, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and his wife Margaret de Clare, daughter of Sir Thomas de Clare of Thomond. She is said to have been the third of four daughters.[2]

In 1316, at Ernwood manor in Kinlet, apparently as a toddler, certainly as a child, she was married to Edmund de Mortimer (later Sir Edmund, 3rd Baron), son of Sir Roger de Mortimer. Edmund was probably around 10.

Eventually they had 2 sons

  • Sir Roger, who became 2nd Earl of March
  • John

Elizabeth's father was executed in 1322 for his part in the rebellion against King Edward II.[3] She herself was held in the Tower for a while with her mother and siblings.

Her husband's father, Sir Roger de Mortimer, a more successful rebel, conspired with the Queen in the overthrow and murder of the King, for which he was made Earl of March in 1328 and executed in 1330.[4]

Sir Edmund didn't recover his father's title before he died in 1331, so Elizabeth missed out on becoming Countess of March.

She received dower in September 1332, and in 1334 obtained the castle of Bridgwater and various manors as her right by gift of Sir Roger de Mortimer.

By Papal dispensation dated 13 Nov 1335 (by reason of affinity, her two husbands being related to each other in the 4th degree), she married Sir William de Bohun, who had been active in the overthrow of her father-in-law Mortimer. He was rewarded with the title Earl of Northampton in 1336/7, so Elizabeth got to be a Countess after all.

They had 1 son

  • Sir Humphrey, who succeeded his father as Earl of Northampton and later his childless uncle as Earl of Hereford

and 1 daughter

  • Elizabeth, who married Sir Richard de Arundel, 247th/94th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey, Mormaer of Strathbogie, Constable of Featherstonehaugh, Forester of Dunwich-in-the-Sea, Sheriff of Dodge City and Keeper of the King's Budgies.

In 1328, during the Inquisition in the estates of her brother Thomas de Badlesmere (who died without heir), she, as her share of the inheritance, acquired the estates of the Manor and castle of Tong in Kent.[5] As she was married to William Bohun, earl of Northampton, at the time, he held the right to the estates in her name. However at her death the estates reverted to the only son, Roger Mortimer, by her first marriage to Edmund Mortimer, presumably suggesting that he was alive at the time of the inheritance but not at the time of the Inquisition.

She was a great benefactress of the Church. Among numerous other gifts, she bestowed on the house of the Black Friars in Ludgate (where she was buried) "a cross made of the wood of the very cross of our Saviour, which she usually carried with her, wherein was contained one of the thorns of His crown." In 1344, she and her husband were granted full remission of all their past and future sins at the point of death.

She made her will on 31 May 1356, directing burial in the Black Friars, London (where her tomb is recorded by Stow). She died 8 days later at Rochford, survived by her husband.


Note: as well as being the mother of Richard de Arundel's 1st wife, Elizabeth was also the great-grandmother of his 2nd wife, Philippa de Mortimer.

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 423
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV. page 172
  1. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 525.
  2. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 6 (Canterbury, 1798), pp. 132-143. British History Online - Tong Parish.
  3. Wikipedia reports that he was hung drawn and quartered. Other writers disagree.
  4. Marlyn Lewis reports that he was hung drawn and quartered; Wikipedia says he was merely hanged, and elsewhere that he was beheaded.
  5. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 6 (Canterbury, 1798), pp. 132-143. British History Online - Tong Parish.

See Also:

  • Magna Carta Ancestry 2011 2nd ed. Vol. III p. 191-192
  • Duchess of Cleveland: The Battle Abbey Roll
  • Phillips, Weber, Kirk and Staggs Families of the Pacific Northwest, by Jim Weber, on Rootsweb.com.
  • Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies. Author: Gary Boyd Roberts Publication: Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore
  • Richardson, Douglas: "Magna Carta Ancestry", 2nd edn. (2011), 4 vols, Volume 1, page 243, BOHUN 8.

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Pedigree of de Mortimer
Pedigree of de Mortimer

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