Anthony Bailey
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Anthony Bailey (1857)

Anthony Bailey
Born in Texas, United Statesmap
Son of and [mother unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Father of , , [private daughter (1880s - unknown)] and
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 17 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 350 times.


US Black Heritage Project
Anthony Bailey is a part of US Black heritage.

The great mystery here was who Ernest A. Bailey's (Pops) parents were. Based on them being listed as unknown on his 1975 death certificate, however, it was recently discovered 1-16-10,his father's name was Anthony, based on the 1900 Houston census. Unfortunately, his mother still remains a mystery as there was no mention of her in this census. Anthony was 42 yrs. old in 1900, and 27 yrs old at the time of his first born, Ernest. The 1900 census shows B for Race of the Bailey family.

Other children soon followed, Dennis, Lillie, and Vernada, in fact, Ernest Bailey III knew Vernada in his youth and described her as having Native American features and characteristics. We speculate that just prior to the turn of the century in the 1890s, Native American (Cherokee) admixture had come into the family, also possibly German and Mexican.

Historically and sociologically, it's interesting to note that these people (1850s-1900s) from various standpoints, banded together their families for protection and overall survivability. Such was the case with Anthony and his family in the 1900s. We find, (based again on the census), that the Baileys were listed sequentially denoting their close proximity. This is a lost tribe representing previously unknown Bailey family members.

Census entries read as follows: dwellings at 345 [Louis, Mary, Wilburn, Elvira, Peter, Napolian, Cleveland, Paralle (niece), and John (nephew)]; 346 [Wyley, Eliza, Allan, Lula, Alfred, Linsy, Ida M., Iola M, and Coy]; 347[Nelson and Susan (Bailey relation)Martin, Willie Bailey (stepson, believed to be the son of Susan Martin); and 349 [Anthony, (no entry for wife), Ernest, Dennis, Lillie B., Vernada, and Weldon Randle (nephew)].[1]

We do not intend to overlook another family who resided in dwelling 348, while we sense the White family had strong ties to the Bailey families, it's unclear if they, in fact, were also relatives. We are talking about four (4) related families all living next to each other on farm lands on the outskirts of Houston. historically speaking, it's important to note that just 100 years ago, these Bailey families while not pioneers in the strict sense, were essentially farmers and day laborers. Nonetheless, in their own way, they laid the ground work for those who came after--the new professional class which followed, i.e., educators, attorneys, dentists. In fact, towards that end, his first born, Ernest, became the first Black postal clerk in all Texas. We view him in new light now helping to speed this transition as..."a bridge between two eras". To be sure, as other races and ethnic groups recognize those that came before them, we are also forever indebted to these early families and their initial drive, hard work and contributions.

1880 Census

Anthony age 42 in 1900 census of Houston is a pretty close match to Anthony age 20 in 1880 census of Houston.[2] We might note that the 1880 Anthony's brothers had a mother also born in North Carolina. The census record appears on page 026 of Precinct 4, Houston Texas. Head of household, C Bailey was age 32, a Black farmer. Mother of the brothers Anthony and Wiley was the widowed, Dusky age 50, born in Tennesee. (Tennessee is also a match to the 1900 census claims.) Texas Bailey (and Jones) nephews and nieces (old enough to appear in the 1870 census) are listed on the following census page.

A family tree (Derek Lee) at shows a photograph of this family, He gives Antony's father's name as Jackson Bailey and he gives Anthony's wife as Dude Perkins.


  1. 1900 Census: "United States Census, 1900"
    Citing Affiliate Publication Number: T623; Line: 77; FHL microfilm: 1241647; Record number: 4439;
    FamilySearch (accessed 28 February 2022)
    FamilySearch Image Image number 00094
    Anthony Bailey (43), married head of household in Justice Precinct 4, Houston, Texas, United States.
  2. 1880 Census: "United States Census, 1880"
    Citing enumeration district , sheet , NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm .
    FamilySearch (accessed 28 February 2022)
    FamilySearch Image Image number 00233
    Anthony Bailey (20), single brother, in household of C. Bailey (22) in Justice Precinct 4, Houston, Texas, United States. Born in Texas, United States.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Anthony by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Anthony:

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