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Barbe Bajolet (bef. 1608 - aft. 1678)

Barbe Bajolet aka Bayou, Bayol, Baiols, Bayols, Beholle
Born before in Piney, Champagne, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 1629 in Piney, Champagne, Francemap
Wife of — married 10 Jan 1647 in La Rochelle, Aunis, Francemap
Wife of — married 17 Oct 1654 in La Rochelle, Aunis, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died after after age 69 in Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Aug 2009
This page has been accessed 11,791 times.
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Barbe Bajolet is an Acadian.
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Barbe Bajolet migrated from France to Acadia.
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NOTICE: this profile is protected by the Acadian Project because she an historically important person. Please contact the Acadian Project before making any substantive changes. Thanks for helping make WikiTree the best site for accurate information.

Barbe Bajolet is one of the founding mothers of Acadia. She was baptized on June 22 1608 at Piney in ancient Champagne province, in present date France's Aube department. [1][2] She was the daughter of Antoine Bajolet and Jeanne Baudinet.[2]

Around 1629 she married Isaac Pesseley in France.[2] Between about 1630 and 1645, the couple had eight children: Etienne, Marguerite, Perrette, Jeanne, Charlotte, Henriette, Gilles, and Marie. The first three children Etienne, Marguerite and Perrette were baptised at Piney (Champagne) France.[3] Stephen White provides no specific birth dates or locations for the remaining children born between about 1638 and about 1645.[2]

On April 1, 1636, Isaac sailed on the Saint-Jehan towards Acadia. He appeared on the ship's roster: "Isaac Pesselin de Champagne". [4] However, unlike some others listed, no wife or children are on the passenger list. Therefore, it is not known exactly when Barbe arrived in Acadia.

She returned to France some time before or after her husband Isaac was killed in 1645 because she married again at St-Barthélemy de La Rochelle, France in 1646. The marriage contract (contract of Cherbonnier dated 16 Dec 1646) between Barbe and her spouse Martin Lefebvre de Montespy mentions that she had just returned from Canada.[5] The religious ceremony took place on January 10 1647.[6] They had two children, both baptised at St-Jean de La Rochelle: Louise (b. 29 Oct 1647) and Marie-Anne (born. 10 Oct 1649; baptised 18 april 1650).

Barbe was still in La Rochelle when her husband Martin passed away in 1651 in that city. [7]

Her third marriage took place on October 17 1654, at St-Jean de La Rochelle, Aunis, France.[8] Her husband was Savinien de Courpon, widower of Olive de Laubaure. No children were recorded from this marriage.

Barbe returned to Acadia with her third husband in 1654. [9] They settled in Cap Sable on a fief conceded to them by Charles de la Tour. After Savinien passed away in 1661, Barbe and her children left Cap Sable for Port-Royal.[10]

The 1671 census lists widowed Barbe, 63 years old, living in Port-Royal, the owner of 1 cow, 5 sheep but without land.[11]

The 1678 Port-Royal census shows Barbe, listed as widow Pesselet, living in the household of Francois Levron and Catherine Savoye. [12]

Barbe Bajolet passed away after 1678 in Acadia.

DNA Research

The Mothers of Acadia Maternal mtDNA Project is conducting ongoing research to verify their origins. In 2010, Stephen White reported Barbe Bajolet had an X2b haplogroup. Details of how many of Barbe Bajolet's descendants were tested in White's report are not known.[13] Lucie Leblanc Constantino reported one result here, interpreting the result as of European origin. Ongoing test results are also reported [ here]. As of July 2016, 7 descendants have reported a haplogroup X, of which three have a full sequence test, refining the haplogroup to X2b7. Most of the time, X haplogroup indicates European origins. Acadian haplogroup X belongs in Native American haplogroup X when mutations 8913G, 12397G, and 14502C are present. To date, these mutations are not found in the reported results.

Based on the ADN Héritage Française / French Heritage DNA project, the Catalogue de Signatures ancestrales validées par ADN website documents mtDNA triangulation (reference TRI0140) for Barbe Bajolet to be Haplogroup(e) ADN-mt X2b7. TRI0140 traces three living individuals through the mothers back to the mother of Barbe Bajolet born in France.[14]

Research Notes

Barbe Bajolet's baptism date
Every reference cited indicates that she was baptized on May 22, 1608. However, examination of the actual parish register shows that the baptism took place in June. In response to an e-mail inquiry, Stephen A White concurs that Barbe Bajolet's baptism date should be changed from May to June.

Email to Acadian Google-Group:

Karen Theriot Reader-22 writes that she asked Stephen A. White to help solve a DNA mystery, and he was able to confirm a new lineage for the Marguerite SAULNIER who married Joseph Pierre CORMIER (32 in the DGFA).
The mtDNA test results had a Haplogroup of X2b7, which pointed to descent from Marie Barbe BAJOLET. So now the correct line should be:
Marie Barbe BAJOLET, married 1st Isaac PESSELEY;
Marie PESSELEY, married 1st Jean (dit Beneque) PITRE (1);
Marguerite PITRE, married Abraham COMEAU (8);
Jeanne COMEAU, married Etienne SAULNIER (6);
Marguerite SAULNIER, married 1st Sylvestre LALANDE, 2nd Joseph Pierre CORMIER (32);
Felicite CORMIER, married Joseph BABINEAU;
Anastasie Thersile BABINEAU, married Augustin BENOIT;
Salome Azelima BENOIT, married Hippolyte Nicolas ARSENEAU;
Eve Helene ARSENEAU, married Andre BABINEAUX;
Andrea BABINEAUX, married Joseph Mentor DUPLECHIN.


Barbe Bajolet, fille de Antoine, premier muletier de la reine Marie de Médicis,[2] et Jeanne Baudinet, fut baptisée le 22 juin 1608 à Piney dans l'ancienne province française de Champagne, auj. dans le département de l'Aube.[1] Antoine Contant était le parrain et les marraines furent Barbe, épouse de Pierre Pesseley et Jeanne, veuve de Jean Pesseley.

Son premier mariage, vers 1629, était avec Isaac Pesseley.[2] Elle se maria de nouveau à St-Barthélemy de La Rochelle le 10 janvier 1647 avec Martin Lefebvre de Montespy.[6] Son troisième mariage eu lieu le 17 octobre, 1654, à St-Jean de La Rochelle, Aunis où elle prit Savinien de Courpon comme mari.[8] Savinien était veuf d'Olive de Laubaure.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Baptism Record/Acte de baptême France Archives, État civil en ligne, Département de l’Aube, Archives de l’Aube, Piney 1566-1668 p. 86/314 (See 3rd and last baptism in June)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Karen Theriot Reader Barbe Bajolet citing White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print. p. 70, 424, 1034, 1288
  3. Karen Theriot Reader Etienne Marie Marguerite Perrette citing Michel Turquois, "Barbe Bajolet," translated from LES AMITIES ACADIENNES; no. 76/77 (2nd & 3rd trimestre, 1996); pp/ 36, 47
  4. St-Jehan Passenger List Lucie Leblanc Consentino,
  5. Karen Theriot Reader Martin Lefebvre de Montespy citing "The Passenger List of the Ship SAINT-JEHAN and the Acadian Origins," in FRENCH CANADIAN AND ACADIAN GENEALOGICAL REVIEW; 1600-1700; vol. 1, no. 1 (spring 1968); p. 69.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Marriage Record 1647 France Archives, État civil en ligne, Département de Charente-Maritine, Commune de La Rochelle, GG182 La Rochelle, Collection communale, paroisse Saint- Barthélémy, Mariages, 1630-1655, p. 34/92.
  7. Karen Theriot Reader Martin Lefebvre de Montespy citing Michel Turquois, "Barbe Bajolet," translated from LES AMITIES ACADIENNES; no. 76/77 (2nd & 3rd trimestre, 1996); pp/ 36, 47.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Marriage Record 1654 France Archives, État civil en ligne, Département de Charente-Maritine, Commune de La Rochelle, GG 352 La Rochelle, Collection communale, paroisse Saint-Jean-du-Pérot, Mariages, 1632-1655, p.59/61
  9. Karen Theriot Reader Savinien de Courpon de la Tour citing Bona Arsenault, HISTOIRE ET GENEALOGIE DES ACADIENS; 1625-1810; Ottawa, Editions Lemeac, 1978, 6 vols.; p. 718.
  10. Karen Theriot Reader Savinien de Courpon de la Tour citing Michel Turquois, "Barbe Bajolet," translated from LES AMITIES ACADIENNES; no. 76/77 (2nd & 3rd trimestre, 1996); pp/ 36, 47.
  11. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1671 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie. 1671 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752” Images 3-14.
    Barbe BAIOLET, widow of Saviniue de COURPON; Children: 8 children in France and 2 daughters married in this country (Marie PESELET 26, Marianne LEFEBVRE 21); cattle 1, sheep 5.
  12. Tim Hebert; 1678 Port Royal Acadian Census noting that the correlations for this census were done by Rev. Clarence J. d'Entremont, Fairhaven, Massachusetts.1678 Census
    The Widow Pesselet, Francois Levron & Catherine Savoye, 1 boy Jacques born 1677. [sic, this woman, was married to two other men since PESSELET.]
  13. White, Stephen A. (Online, updated September 2015). "Founding Mother of Acadia"
  14. ADN Héritage Française / French Heritage DNA project, Catalogue de Signatures ancestrales validées par ADN. Barbe Bajolet TRI0140, Haplogroup(e) ADN-mt X2b7

See Also :

  • Godbout, A. (1970), Émigration Rochelaise en Nouvelle-France, 1970, pp. 60, 144-145, 185-186.
  • RANQ (1970). vol XLVIII, pp. 188, 272-273, 313-314.
  • White, Stephen A. Personal correspondence between Stephen A. White and Donna Storz regarding the baptism month of Barbe Bajolet.
  • Champagne (province), Wikipedia article

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Barbe by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Barbe:

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Comments: 11

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Looking at the DNA confirmation statement, I don't think Barbe's mother and grandmother should be marked "DNA confirmed"? The most recent common ancestor for the two test-takers mentioned is Barbe Bajolet, so she would be the final mother that can be confirmed by the DNA match. The profiles for both Marie Pesseley and Marie Anne Lefebvre can say their mother Barbe is "confirmed with DNA", but we can't say that Barbe's mother or grandmother are confirmed with this DNA match. Hope that makes sense :)
Many thanks Valerie. I will make the corrections.
posted by Gisèle Cormier
Her full name is Marie Barbe BAJOLET please add Marie as her first name. Thankyou
posted by Leslie (Oyler) Shapiro
Hi Leslie, Thanks for your comment. Apparently, she was baptized just Barbe. Do you have a reliable source for her name being Marie?
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Bajolet-21 and Bajolet-1 appear to represent the same person because: Same parents (also duplicates), same spouse whose documented name was Pesseley (with variations Pesselet / Paisseley) but not Petitpas. Same children also duplicates. Date and location of baptism are sourced in Bajolet-1.
posted by Gisèle Cormier
im x2b7 just trying to connect marie duffenais to barbe bajolet, its exact same dna. marie is my 3rd and 4th great grandmother
posted by Jessica Alexander
Hi, Jessica, I see Marie Duffenais' profile. Please build up from her with her parents, going up until the connection happens. Add the DNA test that brings forward the information.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
831 Multiple duplicated lines

posted on Bajolet-21 (merged) by Jacqueline Girouard
Please note that she was indeed baptized 22 Jun 1608 and not in May as DGFA and many other sources incorrectly state. When I found her baptism record I forwarded it to SAW and he concurred. The correspondence is attached. This certainly goes to show why primary sources are always best.
posted by Donna (Friebel) Storz
Bajol-2 and Bajolet-1 appear to represent the same person because: Same name variant spellings and birth dates.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
I removed Nicholas Bayon as a spouse of Barbe Bajolet-- there is no evidence that they were married nor that Rose Bayols was Barbe Bajolet's daughter.
posted by Donna (Friebel) Storz