Ella Baker

Ella Josephine Baker (1903 - 1986)

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Ella Josephine Baker
Born in Norfolk, Virginia, United Statesmap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in New York City, New York, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Oct 2014 | Last significant change: 30 Dec 2018
03:33: S Stevenson edited the Biography for Ella Josephine Baker (1903-1986). [Thank S for this]
This page has been accessed 364 times.

Categories: Activists and Reformers | US Civil Rights Activists | Unconnected Notables of the United States of America | National Women's Hall of Fame (United States) | American Notables.

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Ella Baker was a part of the Civil Rights Movement.
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Her paternal grandparents were Margaret and Teamer BAKER.

Her maternal grandparents were Josephine Elizabeth "Bet" and Mitchell ROSS. [1]

Ella Josephine Baker was born in 1903 in Norfolk, Virginia and her parents were Georgiana "Anna" ROSS and Blake BAKER. [2]

When she was seven, her family moved to her mother's rural hometown of Littleton, North Carolina. As a girl she listened to her grandmother Bet, who had been born into slavery, tell stories about slave revolts. As a young woman Bet had been whipped for refusing to marry a man chosen for her by her enslaver.

She went to the state capital to attend Shaw University, a historically black university in Raleigh, North Carolina. As a student, she challenged school policies which she thought were unfair, At the age of 24. she graduated as class valedictorian in 1927 and then moved to New York City during the period of the Great Migration, when many blacks were leaving the South to escape its oppressive society. [3]

She married her college sweetheart, but used her maiden surname. She rarely discussed her private life or marital status and many people close to her, did not know that she was married for 20 years to T. J. "Bob" ROBERTS. She was a Civil Rights leader and their respective work schedules often kept them apart and they divorced in 1958. [2]

She continued her activism until her death in 1986 on her 83rd birthday. [3] She was buried at Flushing Cemetery, Flushing, Queens County, New York, USA. [4]


  1. "Ella Baker: Community Organizer of the Civil Rights Movement" p20 by J. Todd MOYE, 2013 Rowman & Littlefield Publishers of Lanham isb#978-1442215658.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wikipedia for Ella Josephine Baker
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Ella Baker & the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision" by Barbara RANSBY, p13–63,344–374 University of North Carolina Press of Chapel Hill in 2003, isb#978-0807856161.
  4. Find A Grave: Memorial #14992167

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Ella Baker Image 1

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