John II (Balliol) of Scotland

John (Balliol) of Scotland (abt. 1249 - 1314)

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John (John II) "King of Scots, Toom Tabard, Empty coat" of Scotland formerly Balliol aka de Balliol
Born about in Barnard Castle, Gainford, Durham, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before [location unknown]
Died in Chateau Galliard, Normandy, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Sep 2011 | Last significant change: 5 Dec 2018
14:36: Michael Thomas edited the Biography for John II (Balliol) of Scotland. [Thank Michael for this]
This page has been accessed 2,374 times.

Categories: House of Balliol.

British Aristocracy
John II (Balliol) of Scotland was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
The First Interregnum
King of Scotland
11 November 1292 - 10 July 1296 (abdicated)
Succeeded by
The Second Interregnum


From his mother, he derived the dubious blessing of the nearest claim in blood to the crown of Scotland, after the decease of the Maid of Norway. Under the decision of Edward I of England, his title was pronounced superior to those of Bruce and Hastings. He was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on St. Andrew's Day, 1292, a title he held until 1296.

This ill-starred greatness led only to the downfall of his house. His reign proved as brief as it was disastrous, and was remembered with such bitterness that 'his very name was accounted unfortunate, and no King of Scotland was ever after allowed to bear it.'

John was a 'Competitor' for the Kingdom in right of his maternal grandmother, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon, and submitted his 'petition' to the arbitrator, Edward I, king of England, at Berwick, 3rd August 1291.[1]

His death occurred shortly before 4 January 1315, when Louis X of France (r. 1314–-16) was notified of the fact and was asked to accept the fealty of Edward, John's elder son, for the Balliol estates in Picardy. John lived long enough to have learned of the outcome of the battle of Bannockburn in June 1314, and possibly even of the Cambuskenneth parliament in the following November. Of his two sons, Edward Balliol survived until early 1364, while Henry was killed at Annan in 1332; both died childless.


  1. Entered by Eugene Quigley.

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No known carriers of John II's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
John de Balliol Image 1
John de Balliol Image 1

John of Scotland Coin
John of Scotland Coin

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On 29 Apr 2018 at 00:21 GMT Al Scott wrote:

On 15 Apr 2017 at 16:39 GMT Al Scott wrote:

On 2 Oct 2016 at 15:59 GMT C (Sälgö) S wrote:


John II is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 27 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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