Robert I, duc de Bar, Count of Bar 1352-1354, Duke of Bar 1354 - Apr. 12, 1411, Count of Bar 1352 - 1354, Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson, Marquis of Pont-a-Mousson and Count and then Duke of Bar
Robert I de Bar, born on August 27, 1342, died April 12, 1411, was the Count of Bar (1352 to 1354), Marquis de Pont-a-Mousson (after 1354) and Duke of Bar 1354 to 1411.
A question of precedence led to the county of Bar being raised to a duchy. In effect Pont-à Mousson was promoted to a margravate and the acts mentioned Robert as marquis of Pont-à Mousson and count of Bar. For the nobles in the county of Bar this was illogical, since to the counts Bar was territorially more important than Pont-à-Mousson. To resolve this anomaly, emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg promoted Bar to a duchy.
He was the youngest son of Henri IV, Count of Bar, and Yolande Flanders.
He was less than one year old when his father died and his older brother Edward II, became Count of Bar under the regency of their mother. As the two brothers were of weak constitution, Yolande asked and obtained from Pope ClementVI for both, permission to eat meat during periods of abstinence.
When his brother died, he was only seven years old, and the problem of regency arose differently than seven years ago. Indeed, his mother was about to remarry with Philippe de Navarre, Count de Longueville, the family of Navarre challenging the monarchy to Jean le Bon. On the other hand, Jeanne de Bar (1295 ? 1361), Countess of Warren, daughter of Count Henri III, told the king that she was ready to assume the regency. The parliament of Paris, by judgementof June 5, 1352 decided that the Barrois was in the hand of the king, which entrusted the regency to Jeanne Bar on July 27, 1352. Yolande Flanders, who had renounced the regency at first, she changed her decision and lifted troops to combat Jeanne de Bar. Jean le Bon had to intervene and required Yolande to renounce July 2, 1353.
The defeat of Poitiers (1356) deprived Jeanne de Bar of the support of the king who had been taken prisoner. Yolande resumed the regency and Robert was armed knight in December 1356.
It is hereby declared major on November 8, 1359 and attended the coronation of King Charles V in Reims on May 19, 1364, then to that of Charles VI on November 4, 1380. During the reign of Charles V, he had participated in 1374 to several military expeditions were intended to drive the English from Normandy.
In 1401, he gave the Duchy to his son Edward to be reserving the usufruct, dismissing her grand-son Robert, son of Count Henri de Marle. The last attempt to oppose a trial by the Parliament of Paris, which lasted from 1406 to 1409, but without success.
The folly of Charles VI is taken to the Duke of Orleans Louis with the Duke of Burgundy Jean without Fear. Robert supports the Duke of Orleans, but after the assassination of the latter, is increasingly in the duchy of crises because of gout which prevented him from walking.
He married in 1364 to Marie de France (1344 ? 1404), daughter of Jean le Bon, King of France, and Bonne of Luxembourg, and had:
Yolande, (1365 ? 1431), married in 1380 to John I of Aragon (1350 ? 1396)
Henri (1362 ? 1397), Lord of Marle
Philippe (1372 ? 1396), also killed at Nicopolis
Charles (1373 ? 1392), Lord of Nogent-le-Rotrou
Marie (1374 ?), married in 1384 Wilhelm II, Margrave of Namur (1355 ? 1418)
Edward III (? 1415), Duke Bar, killed at the Battle of Agincourt
Louis (? 1431), bishop of Verdun, cardinal.
Yolande the young, (? 1421), married to Adolphe Duke of Juliers and Berg (? 1437)
Jean de Bar, Lord of Puisaye (1380 ? 1415), Lord of Puisaye, killed at the Battle of Agincourt
Good (? 1400), married in 1393 to Waleran III of Luxembourg (1357 ? 1415), Count of Ligny-en-Barrois and Saint-Pol
Jeanne (? 1402); married in 1393 to Theodore II Paleologus, Marquis de Montferrat (1361 ? 1418)