Jacob's surname is sometimes given as Barbe and sometimes as Barben. The suffix en or in is sometimes added to a surname, possible to indicate a female. Jacob Barb settled in Shenandoah County and the dominant form of the name in the county is Barb.
Note: Came into America via the Port of Philadelphia, sailing from Rotterdam in the Netherlands, 30th of May 1749. Came on the ship "Two Brothers". Was incorrectly listed on boat records as Johan Jacob Carl. 107 Day voyage. Was a pacifist.
Johann Jacob Barbe, Sr..
Compiled by Teresa Martin Klaiber. [Personal email removed] Johann Jacob Barbe, Sr, [Wigandt², Johann Jacob¹] was born 28 November 1725 in Hochstenbach, Germany. Hochstenbach is southwest of Bonn in the Westerwald section of Rheinland_Pfalz in southern Germany. Johann Jacob married Maria Catharina Richter 18 June 1745 in Hochstenbach, Germany. Their first child Eva Maria was born the 22nd September 1746 followed by Johann Adam Barbe on the 19th of June 1748.
In the Introduction of Barb-Barbe Genealogy, Alan Williams states that the Hochstenbach pastor made note of the church’s families as they left the village and the Barbe family were among the entries. The parish register states "This family left for America 30 May 1749." Johann Jacob Barb[e] was 24 years old. Johann Jacob, his wife Maria Catherine, daughter Eva Maria now 3, and son Johann Adam age 1 boarded the sloop "Two Brothers" along with 308 other passengers under the care of Captain Thomas Arnot. The sloop would carry them by way of Rotterdam to Cowes. They celebrated Johann Adam’s 2nd birthday on June 19th and finally arrived at Philadelphia 14 September 1749. The "Two Brothers", having made trips landing in Philadelphia each September , sank off the coast of England in the summer of 1754..
Palatine emigrants had their own network and many coming to America already had destinations in mind where large groups of other Germans had settled. The family may have been in Hunterdon County, New Jersey for a period where Johann Jacob possibly met his wife..
The Barbe family then migrated to Loudoun County, Virginia where the northwestern part of the County was known as the "German Settlement." Another town within the county Lovettville was also settled by Germans..
The families first child born in America was Abraham born 10 November 1753 followed by Anna in 1755 and Henrich on the 15th of August 1759. Mary was born in 1761, William in May 1763 followed immediately by Elizabeth in February 1764. Three more sons would complete the family with 11 children: Jacob, Isaac, and Peter. By 1770 Johann Jacob had leased land in Loudoun County from Thomas Ludwell and nine years later he was able to purchase his own property on Stoney Creek, Loudoun County from Anthony Whitsel..
Johann Jacob usually went by the name of Jacob in Loudoun County and made several other land purchases on Stoney Creek between 1790 and 1805. This is remarkable for an 80 year old. And even more remarkable that he still did business in 1817 when Jacob sold Peter Williams 245 acres and in 1818 sold 667.67 acres on both sides of Stoney Creek. Johann Jacob Barbe died 20 April 1819 in Shenandoah County, Virginia. Some histories say he was 101 but by proper calculation he was 93 years 4 months and 23 days when he died..
Children of Johann Barbe and Maria Richter are:
The Barb Genealogy has the following:
The Barb family lived in the village of Höchstenbach, Germany, for a hundred years before Jacob was born, perhaps longer. He came into this world on Nov. 28, 1725, the youngest of six children born to
- Wigandt and Eva Maria Barben. His official name was Barben, too, but he never used the -en because in Germany it only signified that he belonged to the Barb family, or "clan." Jacob was also bestowed with the title of Johann at birth, which is best translated as "John" in English, but he dropped that after arriving in America because most of his countrymen also possessed that name. Jacob's childhood and early adulthood were spent in Höchstenbach, a peaceful little village situated in the foothills of the
- Westerwald mountains about forty miles from the city of Bonn. The area was distinguished, then and now, by dense forests, gently rolling hills, winding roads and quaint little villages. The only industry was,and still is, the manufacturing of stoneware pottery, the area being known as "the jug bakers." The Barbens were farmers, however, and Wigandt and Jacob land of the barely managed to scrape a living out of theground. Eva Maria Barben ? when Jacob was 17, and Wigandt married again to Maria Catharina Richter, a widow from the village who brought with her into the Barben home her daughter and namesake, Maria Catharina, whom Jacob had known since childhood. This second wife ? within four months, and Maria Catharina and Jacob were married a year and a half later. They lost their first child, Eva Marie, in infancy but were blessed a year later with a son, Johann Adam. For centuries this part of Germany in which the Barbens lived was part of the Holy Roman Empire and exploited by the Catholic
- church. The inhabitants of the area were called "Palatines," named after the Palatine Hill in Rome, under whose religious influence all were ruled. But Jacob's family had long resisted that church and subscribed to and practiced theteachings of Martin Luther, a disgruntled Catholic who instituted Protestantism into the country in 1517. And times were hard. For the previous sixty years there had
- been continual strife between factions of the Lutheran and Catholic churches. By the time Jacob had to support a family, this entire area was devastated by the ravishes of armed conflict between the two sides,and the local administration was under the control of the Catholics to the extent that everyone in Höchstenbach were restricted from worshiping in their own way. On top of that, the civil authorities imposed such heavy taxes on the citizens that they could barely survive from day to day. Jacob Barb had long known that the British government was offering reduced passage to all Protestant Germans to live in their colonies in America as a hedge against the French catholics who were settling in Canada.
- For years Jacob watched his neighbors leave Höchstenbach for homes inAmerica and other countries of Europe. Most of them just stole away in the night to avoid paying an emigration tax. In addition, it was
- required to pay a tax called der Zehnter Pfennig, meaning the "tenth penny" (10%), on all exported property as well as mortgage releases and estate settlements. Wigandt Barben ? not long after Jacob's marriage, and one of his sisters, Anna Gertrud, was married, so they had no ties to hold them back any longer. After many long discussions and much soul-searching Jacob and Maria decided to take the risk on an unknown fate in an unknown land and go to America! Jacob arranged with an agent of a British shipping company for passage to Philadelphia in the colony of Pennsylvania. All the family had to do was to get to the port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands. They practically had to give away their house and property to realize enough to pay the necessary taxes and have enough left over to get them to the sea. They would take withthem the very minimum of possessions to avoid as much of the "tenth penny" as possible. But they paid what was necessary and were legally free to leave the country. On May 30th in the year 1749, Jacob, Maria, and Adam, accompanied by several families from Höchstenbach including Anna Gertrud Hoffman and her family, set out for Rotterdam. On this day the pastor of the local Lutheran
- church there wrote in his family register, "dies Familie in Amerika gehen 1749, 30 May." There were no railroads in those days so the group packed their meager belongings into a cart and set out on foot along the hilly road to Bendorf on the Rhine River. It was only fifteen miles as the crow flies, but the actual distance was twice that becauseof the long twisting road. That was the most difficult part of the trip to the sea. Once in Bendorf they caught a flatboat for a leisurely float down the Rhine which was often interrupted by bandits imposing taxes on the travelers as they passed through these warlords' territories. Upon reaching Rotterdam, the party proceeded to the wharf where the British sailing vessel "Two Brothers" was docked. Her captain was Thomas Arnot. They learned this was to be "Two Brothers" first of several proposed voyages from Rotterdam to Philadelphia, although she had been transporting
- emigrants to America from other ports for many years. They didn't tarry long in Rotterdam. Not long after Jacob's party embarked and storedtheir few possessions below deck, "Two Brothers" was underway. The manifest showed three hundred twelve passengers, plus ship's complement,far too many for a ship of her size. Future voyages would reflect shorter passenger lists. The ship stopped for a layover at the port of Cowes on the Isle of Wight off the southern coast of England. Then came the long final run
- across the Atlantic Ocean to America. Because of the overcrowding, conditions were difficult and got worse as the voyage progressed. The passengers experienced every problem imaginable. After an extended period at sea of about a hundred days the ship arrived off the coast of New Jersey and prepared to sail up the Delaware River into Philadelphia. On Sept. 14, 1749, "Two Brothers" tied
- up at dock in that port and the passengers disembarked. As a protection to the British government, all
- heads-of-householdwere required to take a special oath of allegiance to the English Crown and were marched to the courthouse that very day.Those physically unable to join this band due to the debilitating voyage were later administered to separately. The statement, translated from the German, read as follows: "We Subscribers, Natives and late Inhabitants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine & Places adjacent, will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to his present MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE SECOND, and his Successors, Kings of Great Britain, and will be faithful to the Proprietor of this
- Province: and will demean ourselves peaceable and strictly observe and conform to the Laws of
- England and of the Province." After swearing to this oath, all malesover the age of 18 were required to sign their names, or have them signed for them, thus subscribing to the declaration. During a span of fifty years preceding and including the passengers of "Two Brothers," there were over sixty thousand
- immigrants fleeing the Palatinate who secured asylum at the Port of Philadelphia. Another ceremony that had to be performed before a passenger was free to go his own way was a public auction for his services if he could not pay for his passage upon arrival at Philadelphia. Suchindividuals and their
- families were usually redemptioned at £10 for three to five years' servitude. And so Jacob Barb and family began a new life in America, andit was wonderful for the small family. The common man here lived in peace, better off than a nobleman where they had come from. Compared toGermany they were
- in a totally free country. Jacob didn't become a landowner for twentyyears, but he noticed that those who did own land paid minimal taxes once a year with no tithes or tariffs. Hunting and fishing were free,
- and the soil was so fertile that anything grew! Textbooks explain more about some subjects mentioned herein, such as religious oppression and political freedom, but it is difficult to convey in books what wasin the hearts of that German vanguard who gambled everything on a chance for a new beginning. There was a special spark in their characterswhich enabled them to manifest such traits as steadiness,
- industry, frugality, and patriotic devotion in and to their new country. The Barbs lived and labored in primarily German-culture settlements in Hunterdon Co., N.J., and Loudoun Co., Va., before finally comingto rest in the Shenandoah Valley of that state near Woodstock. Everywhere they lived they made lifelong friends with their neighbors, such as the Winegardners, some of whom moved with them from place to place along the way and whose children and grandchildren intermarried with Jacob's. That is all recorded in the BARB-BARBE Genealogy. Jacob Barb is first found in the Lutheran and German Reformed Church Family Book of Höchstenbach, Germany, where his birth is recorded as 28 Nov 1725, baptized 1 Dec 1725, the youngest child of Wigandt and Eva Maria Barb(en) of that parish. In 1686 records of the same church indicate Wigandt was the son of Johann Jacob Barb(e) [of that parish, son
- of the late Piters Barb and Anna Margaretha, daughter of "Paulus Piter in der Merck" [or Paulus Peter Indermark, or perhaps even "von der Merck?]. Further study is necessary. Höchstenbach is located in the Rheinland-Pfalz region of southern Germany 60 km. southeast of Bonn. It is situated in the
- foothills of the Westerwald mountain range, which is characterized (then and today) by dense forests, gently rolling hills, winding roads and quaint little villages, of which Hochstenbach is representative. There is little evidence that it was ever much different. The area is known for its stoneware
- pottery, now as it was 300 years ago. Jacob Barb has his own page in the Family Book entered upon 18
- June 1745, the day of his marriage to Maria Catharina Richter and in the curious mixture of Latin and German script by the good pastor Jacob and Maria had two children in Hochstenbach, whose dates of birth the pastor duly Eva Maria born 22 Sept 1746, bpt. 25 Sept, ? Apr 1747; and Johann Adam, born 19 June 1748, bpt. 23 June. After the revocationof the Edict of Nantes in 1685 deprived French Protestants of their religious freedoms, thousands of families sought refuge in other countries. A large number of them crossed over the border into the Palatinate of Germany, but it wasn't long before civil
- strife and economic disparity also became unbearable there. Between the years 1727 and 1776 more than thirty thousand French, Swiss, Germanand Dutch nationals immigrated to the Port of Philadelphia, most of them sailing from Rotterdam in the Netherlands. As his parish dwindled in the mid-18th
- century, the Höchstenbach pastor made note of the church's families as they left the village, where they went, and the date they left. On Jacob Barb's page he wrote, "This family left for America 30 May 1749." The Höchstenbach Lutheran and Reformed Church Family Book was examined and translated by Carla Mittelstaedt-Kubaseck, one of the region's leading German research genealogists, and who was hospitably hostedat the time (1988) in the home of the church's current pastor, Rev. Wilfried Prescha. (These Lutheran and Reformed church records have now been photographed and reproduced on LDS microfilm roll #1195102.) Ms. Cleta Smith of Silver Spring, Md., stu? the Höchstenbach transcripts,
- and her findings were published in 1989 in the excellent book, Westerwald_to_Germany, by Annette Kunselman Burgert and Henry Z. Jones, Jr.,F.A.S.G., Picton Press, Camden, Maine. As early as 1934 it had been reported (in Pennsylvania_ German_Pioneers, Strassburger and Hinke) that Jacob Barb's name was found on the 1754 Passenger List No. 233-A for the British vessel "Two Brothers," which had, since 1749, annually delivered German emigrants from Rotterdam to Philadelphia, arriving inthat city each year in September. But Burgert and Jones discovered that "Two Brothers" could not have delivered
- her human cargo to America in 1754 because she sank off the coast of England in the summer of that year. The disposition of her passengers at the time is not known. Upon learning that Jacob Barb left Höchstenbach in 1749 Cleta Smith further examined List 233-A and found it to beactually a duplicate of List No. 131-C, the list of passengers aboard"Two Brothers" first crossing in 1749. Each list had its own printed version of the original handwritten signatures, and the translators of131-C read Jacob Barb's name to be Johan Jacob Carl. Subsequently Jacob Barb has been indexed in all reference and
- crossreference books as being on the incorrectly dated 233-A, and Johan Jacob Carl is on 131-C. How many researchers would have retranslated these original and barely legible lists in search of such a
- discrepancy? Cleta Smith was one of the few. Jacob Barb most likely booked provisory passage even before leaving Höchstenbach. Several other families in the Luth. and Ref. church left for America on the same day. It had been a longstanding practice of British shipping companiesto set up offices in the Palatinate as far distant as the city of Triers and continually effect a concerted public relations campaign
- subsidized by the British government to recruit Protestant Germans for emigration to their North American colonies to act as a buffer against the influence of the French Catholics in Canada. Southern Germany being devastated by generations of wars, many citizens of Höchstenbachand neighboring hamlets, being economically exploited by those who ruled over them, as mentioned previously, welcomed this opportunity to escape. Barb family tradition long had it that Jacob Barb had already been
- conscripted and left Germany to avoid military service. The timespan between the departure from Höchstenbach and arrival in Philadelphia was 107 days, and the trek to the Rhine and barge trip to
- Rotterdam surely took no more than 14 days. Thus it is calculated that the crossing of the Atlantic took approximately three months, whichincluded a stopover for provisions at Cowes on the Isle of Wight in the English channel. Thomas Arnot was Master of "Two Brothers" which carried on this first voyage a manifest of 312 passengers plus ship's complement, a number considerably larger than on subsequent lists, indicating terribly overcrowding conditions which were not repeated on the next crossings. Another Barb family tradition has it that a child of Jacob Barb? at sea on the voyage, and if true would have had to have been born after leaving Höchstenbach and possibly aboard ship. But we'velearned
- nothing further to substantiate this and have to discount it at present and mention it here only in passing. And so Jacob Barb and family arrived at the Port of Philadelphia on 14 Sept 1749, on which date Jacob and the other immigrant heads-of-family were taken to the courthouse where they were required to subscribe to the Oath of Allegiance to the Crown. As noted previously Jacob signed the
- passenger list Johan Jacob Barb, but the Johan was dropped when the list was transcribed, and he is not known to have ever used it again. The first twenty years after disembarking "Two Brothers" still
- remain lost to the family history at this writing. Many locales have been searched to no avail. Olive McLaughlin (see Preface) repeatedly maintained that it was to Hunterdon Co., N.J., that they first moved, afew miles up the Delaware River from Philadelphia. And it may well have been, as Cleta Smith traced some of Jacob's fellow passengers there. But she also looked for Jacob there and has specifically stated that she could find no trace of him. And in fifty previous years of our own tracking not one iota of
- evidence from that county has ever been uncovered to substantiate Jacob Barb's presence there, including personal research on the state andcounty levels within the past decade using all modern resources available. Jacob Barb is first found in this country in 1769 in the tithable (tax) tables of Loudoun Co., Va., where he leased land in Cameron parish between Sugarland and Broad Runs not far from the present-day location of Dulles International Airport. His closest neighbors were Harbard Winegardner, John Sager, George Drum, and Adam Poke. By this yearJacob Barb and wife had had seven more children born to them in America and two more were later born in Loudoun Co., bringing the total to ten children living and one deceased. Jacob Barb's wife most likely ? in Loudoun Co., no record of her ever being found in any document at their next stop, Shenandoah Co., Va. It has been eight years since we first discovered the name of Jacob's German wife, Maria Catharina Richter. [She was probably the daughter of Wilhelm Richter, whose widow married Jacob's father Wigandt Barb(en), in which case Maria Catharina would have been Jacob's stepsister.] There has long been persistent tradition in several branches of the family that Jacob Barb was married twice and his second wife's name was Poke
- (Polk), possibly related to the Adam Poke family which produced wivesfor three of Jacob's sons. If this is so Maria Catharina Richter Barbwould have had to have ? in their first and yet unknown place of residence. As will be noted, there is a gap of five years between Adam andthe first child known to have
- been born in America, Abraham. After that, in an otherwise regular pattern of births, there is a gap of four years between children no.'s 5and 6 (1755-59). Eight of Jacob's ten living children named a
- daughter Catharine, and at least two of those were Mary Catharines. Were they named after Maria Catharina Richter, the grandmother of them all? Possibly this will never be known. But research continues. JacobBarb's first known land agreement in America was a lease of 203 acresfrom Thomas Ludwell Lee in Loudoun Co. dated 16 Apr 1770. His last was a quitrent contract dated 14 June 1779 for 100 a. from Thomas Blencoe, at a rate of "six shillings per Dollar," due and payable on Nov. 1annually.
- Jacob paid his rent for 4? months and the contract was not renewed. Church records of the Lutheran church in Frederick Co., Md., across the Potomac River from Cameron Parish show that Jacob
- Barb and daughter Anna Maria were sponsors at the baptism of a child of Jacob and Elisabeth Hautenschild 20 Oct 1772. Jacob's first grandchild, David Barb [#21], was baptized in the same church in 1775. But there is no evidence that any of the Barbs ever resided in that county.From the history of Loudoun Co. it is possible to ascertain some of the reasons why the Barbs may have left that locale, and which are briefly enumerated as: 1) the peer pressure beginning about 1778 for Jacob's eligible sons to join the colonial effort in the War of Independence. One of Jacob's son-in-laws was a patriot in the Revolution and he stayed behind when Jacob left. Jacob was a pacifist and had been through this
- before; 2) the rapidly growing number of slaves and slave owners, an institution of Which Jacob did not approve, as corroborated by his forty subsequent years of renunciation of that policy; and 3) a minor population explosion about that time period. In 1779 Jacob's two older sons Adam and Abraham set out to find a new homesite, and on 19 Nov 1779 the two made their family's first land purchase in America, locatedin the foothills of the Great North Mountain of the Appalachian range, ten miles west of Woodstock, ShenandoahCo., Va., on the drains of Stony Creek. In comparing contemporary photographs of Woodstock and Höchstenbach, Germany, both set against the verdant hills, and taking note of the topography and German architecture, the two villages are indistinguishable. When Jacob Barb joined his sons a few months later, hemust have felt he had come home at last. One son and two daughters and
- their families remained in Loudoun Co. as late as 1792 but they all eventually followed their father to the Shenandoah Valley, although thedaughters stayed but briefly before moving on elsewhere. Tradition had it that Jacob Barb lived over 100 years, and a date of birth had even been calculated for him from his deathdate. But as was so often thecase with people who lived longer than usual Jacob's age had been exaggerated. Höchstenbach parish records make it clear that he was only 93 when he ? on 20 Apr 1819. Jacob lived out his last years with his son Henry, six of his children having moved west by the time of his death. He is probably buried in a now-unmarked grave in the cemetery of the Lutheran and German Reformed Solomon Church in nearby Forestville, Va., which Henry Barb is known to have attended is buried there, and where several of Henry's grandchildren were baptized. Henry outlived his father by only a few months. But in all of that church's records--communion, subscription, confirmation, officers, or in any other connection--which records commence in 1793, there is no mention of Jacob Barb. He ? intestate, only the lists of inventory and settlement of his estate remaining to show amongst whom his personal property was divided. We have several other such legal documents pertaining to Jacob Barbin Loudoun and Shenandoah Co.'s, but they are unremarkable in nature and reproducing them here would lay without the realm of this book, which is to address the descendants of Jacob Barb.
- The genealogical synopsis of Jacob Barb's lineage appears thusly:
- JOHANN JACOB BARB (aka Barben), b 28 Nov 1725 (bpt 1 Dec)
- Hochstenbach, Germany, d 20 Apr 1819 Shenandoah Co., Va., m 18 June 1745
- Höchstenbach, Maria Catharina Richter.
- 1 Eva Maria Barb, b 22 Sept 1746 Höchstenbach, bpt. 25 Sept, d Apr 1747 Höchstenbach
- 2 Johann Adam Barb, b 19 June 1748
- 3 Abraham Barb, b 10 Nov 1753
- 4 Anna Maria Barb, b ca1755
- 5 Henry Barb, b 15 Aug 1759
- 6 Mary Barb, b 1761
- 7 William Barb, b 17 May 1763
- 8 Elizabeth Barb, b 10 Feb 1764
- 9 Jacob Barb, Jr., b 10 Oct 1767
- 9a Isaac Barb, b 1769
- 9b Peter Barb, b 1772
- AKA as BARBEN
- ↑ Barb-- Barbe genealogy : a progressive numerical register
- of some of the descendants of Johann Jacob Barb, born 28 Nov. 1725, Hochstenbach, Westerwald, Germany, died 20 Apr. 1819, Shenandoah Co., Virginia. Barbe, Waverly Wilson. (Main) Williams, Alan Lee.
- (Added) McLaughlin, Olive Amelia, 1842-1928. (Added) PUBLISHED: Honesdale, Pa. : Barbe & Associates, c1993. DESCRIPTION: xvii, 1194 p. : port. ; 28 cm. "Based on the records of Olive Amelia (Barbe) McLaughlin,1842-1928." Includes index. Barb, Johann Jacob, 1725-1819--Family. LC CALL NO.: CS71.B2341993 DEWEY CLASS NO.: 929/.2/0973 ED: 20 FORMAT: Book LCCN: 93-71362 </blockquote>
- Source: S85 Record ID Number: MH:S85 User ID: D09526E2-5AB7-40BD-BFB6-1E88FA193EA0 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network.
- Repository: R1 Record ID Number: MH:R1 User ID: AC0DE443-D74E-4649-B3A6-086D00FD90EC Name: Ancestry.com Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
- Barb Genealogy
- Source: Waverly Wilson Barbe and Alan Williams, Barb-- Barbe genealogy: A progressive numerical register of some of the descendants of Johann Jacob Barb, born 28 Nov. 1725, Hochstenbach, Westerwald, ... died 20 Apr. 1819, Shenandoah Co., Virginia, Honesdale, PA: Barbe and Associates, 1993.
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On 28 Apr 2019 at 15:24 GMT Kim Williams wrote: