Ramón II (Barcelona) de Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer (Barcelona) de Barcelona (abt. 1052 - 1082)

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Ramon Berenguer (Ramón II) "Conde de Barcelona, Cap d'Estopes, Tow-head" de Barcelona formerly Barcelona aka de Cataluña
Born about in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Sant Feliu de Buixalleu, Catalonia, Spainmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 May 2011
This page has been accessed 3,186 times.

This person was created through the import of Harrington_Wright 2009.ged on 05 May 2011.

Bio

About Ramon Berenguer II 'Cap d'Estopes' de Barcelona, comte de Barcelona Murdered by his half-brother.


Ramón Berenguer II, (la Perxa de l'Astor, 1053 - Gualba, 1082), llamado "Cabeza de Estopa", (en catalán Cap d'Estopes), en alusión a su espesa cabellera, fue conde de Barcelona, de Gerona, de Osona, de Carcasona y de Rasez, entre 1076 y 1082.

Tabla de contenidos

1 Historia

1.1 Linaje

1.2 Proclamación como Conde de Barcelona

1.3 Disputas con su hermano y mediación de la Iglesia

1.4 Luchas con las taifas y El Cid

1.5 Asesinato

2 La tumba de Ramón Berenguer II: controversia sobre el origen de las "barras de Aragón"

3 Referencias


Historia Linaje Era hijo de Ramón Berenguer I y de Almodis de la Marca y hermano, probablemente mellizo, de Berenguer Ramón II. Contrajo matrimonio hacia el año 1075 con Mafalda de Apulia (1060-1108), hija de Roberto Guiscardo, Duque de Apulia y Calabria, (1020-1085), y de su mujer Sikelgarda de Salerno, (circa. 1040-?), y hermano aquél de Roger I de Sicilia (1089-1101), hijos ambos de Tancredo de Hauteville y de Fredesinda de Normandía. De este matrimonio nacería el futuro heredero del Condado de Barcelona, Ramón Berenguer III el "Gran".

Proclamación como Conde de Barcelona El testamento de su padre establecía que Ramón Berenguer y su hermano debían gobernar en igualdad de condiciones aunque en realidad existían ciertos privilegios en favor del conde Cabeza de Estopa. En un momento determinado, Ramón Berenguer se vio obligado a repartir sus territorios con su hermano, reparto que prometió ante los obispos de Barcelona y Gerona, los condes de estos condados y el vizconde de Cardona.

Disputas con su hermano y mediación de la Iglesia Genealogía de Ramón Berenguer II en las constituciones de Cataluña.En el 1078, Ramón Berenguer entregó a su hermano como garantía del reparto las parias de Lérida y al rey Taifa de esta ciudad. Barcelona, Urgel y Lérida luchaban contra la Taifa de Saraqusta con lo que el peligro musulmán retrocedió, tanto por la zona leridana como por la repoblación que llegaba hasta Torregrossa. En el 1079, la cuenca de Barberá estaba ya repoblada por cristianos.

A finales del 1077, el Papa Gregorio VII envió a Girona su legado, Amat de Olorón, para dar impulso a sus ideas de reforma de la Iglesia. Es posible que Amat aprovechara su estancia en la ciudad para intentar que Ramón Berenguer y su hermano se reconciliaran, ya que su padre había dejado bajo tutela papal a su hijos en su testamento. En el 1079, el Pontífice escribió al obispo de Gerona solicitando que mediara entre los dos hermanos para poner fin a las disputas condales, conjuntamente con los abades de Ripoll, Sant Cugat del Vallés y Sant Ponç de Tomeres.

Ese mismo año, Ramón y Berenguer se reparten la ciudad de Barcelona, Castellvell y su marca, Olerdola, Villafranca del Penedés, Vallmoll, Benviure, Gavá, Pallejá y otros dominios. Ambos hermanos convinieron residir de forma alternativa durante seis meses en el palacio condal. Las funciones soberanas quedaron indivisas, así como las rentas por juicios, mercados, moneda y unos patios en Barcelona.

Sin embargo, Berenguer siguió reclamando y en el 1080 obtuvo de su hermano la mitad del castillo de Barberá, del de la Bleda y de los condados de Carcasona y Rasés. Ramón se comprometió a compartir todas las futuras adquisiciones, incluyendo las naves que se construyeran y las que se compraran.

Luchas con las taifas y El Cid Acordaron también que la expedición prevista para el siguiente verano la realizarían conjuntamente. Finalmente esta expedición no se llevó a cabo, seguramente por los cambios que habían sufrido los reinos de taifa. Con ocasión de la preparación de esta empresa, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar "el Cid", enemistado con su rey Alfonso VI de Castilla, se trasladó a Barcelona y ofreció su colaboración, que no fue aceptada. Acto seguido, quedó al servicio del rey Al-Muqtadir y de su hijo Al-Mutamán, reyes de la taifa de Zaragoza, mientras que el rey de Lérida se apoyaba en los navarros primero y en los condes de Barcelona después. Esto enfrentó a Berenguer Ramón con el Cid en la batalla de Almenar en el verano de 1082. Berenguer fue derrotado y hecho prisionero siendo liberado poco tiempo después, a cambio, seguramente, de un importante rescate.

Asesinato El 5 de diciembre de ese mismo año, Ramón Berenguer se dirigía a Barcelona atravesando el bosque de Perxa del Astor en el Montnegre. Unos desconocidos, tal vez sus propios acompañantes, le asesinaron en ese bosque. Su cadaver fue trasladado a Gerona donde recibió sepultura. Su hermano, Berenguer Ramón II fue acusado de este asesinato por lo que recibió el apodo "del Fratricida". Sus restos se hallan enterrados en un sarcófago de alabastro en la Catedral de Gerona.

La tumba de Ramón Berenguer II: controversia sobre el origen de las "barras de Aragón" Sepulcro con los restos de Ramón Berenguer II, expuesto en la catedral de Gerona

Véase también: Barras de Aragón

La tumba de Ramón Berenguer II fue hallada en 1982 en la catedral de Gerona, un sarcófago liso y rectangular cuya única decoración exterior, en buen estado de conservación, consiste en una sucesión de 17 tiras verticales de unos 5 cm., alternativamente rojas y doradas, identificadas con las armas tradicionales de la corona de Aragón.

Según ciertos autores[cita requerida], este primitivo sarcófago de Gerona vendría a apoyar la tesis del origen catalán del escudo de armas, convertido ya a finales del siglo XX, en el símbolo oficial de las comunidades autónomas de Aragón, Islas Baleares, Cataluña y Comunidad Valenciana, afirmando que el linaje condal de Barcelona tenía como emblema palos rojos sobre un fondo dorado con anterioridad a la unión del Condado de Barcelona con el Reino de Aragón y por tanto, antes incluso del nacimiento documentado de la heráldica en Europa Occidental (1141-42). A partir de 1150, con Ramón Berenguer IV el Santo, se podrían apreciar los bastones en el escudo blocado de la representación ecuestre del conde.

La existencia del emblema de palos de oro y gules en la tumba original de Ramón Berenguer II es cuestionada por especialistas en heráldica y académicos como Alberto Montaner Frutos y Faustino Menéndez Pidal de Navascués, para quienes la decoración heráldica de la tumba es un añadido con motivo de su traslado en 1385 al interior de la Catedral de Gerona por iniciativa de Pedro IV de Aragón, por lo que la pintura aludida sería 300 años posterior, puesto que, según estos autores, es imposible que conservara la pintura a la intemperie en su emplazamiento original durante tres siglos.[1] [2]


Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead or Cap de estopes[1][2] (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, called so because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son Ramon Berenguer III.

Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno. Following his murder, she remarried to Aimery I of Narbonne, being mother of his son Aimery II

Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131)

[edit] References

^ "Barcelona, Condes de Barcelona". Semanario Pintoresco Español. 1851-04-09. http://descargas.cervantesvirtual.com/servlet/SirveObras/03694152322581617429079/208210_0002.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-30.

^ Antoni de Bofarull (1846). Hazañas Y Recuerdos de Las Catalanes. Harvard College Library. http://books.google.com/books?id=3zIBQLHmlkcC&pg=PA39&lpg=PA39&dq=%22cap+de+estopes%22&source=web&ots=XlHEQf3l7q&sig=oH_-mgNLTjLl8FRIuf7wsnU8l9s&hl=es&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result. Retrieved 2008-07-30.


Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, called so because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son Ramon Berenguer III.


Birth Date c. 1050 / c. 1053

Death Date c. 1090 / c.12/5/1082


Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead or Cap de estopes (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, called so because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son Ramon Berenguer III.


Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, called so because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son Ramon Berenguer III.

Ramon Berenguers's marriages and descendants

First wife, Aimeris of Narbonne

Second wife, Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno

Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131)


Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, called so because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son Ramon Berenguer III.

First wife, Aimeris of Narbonne

Second wife, Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno

Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_II,_Count_of_Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to:navigation, search

Ramon Berenguer II

Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead or Cap de estopes[1][2] (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother, Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father, Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, as co-ruler with his twin brother, Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.

The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, so called because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son, Ramon Berenguer III.

[edit] Ramon Berenguers's marriage and child

* Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno. Following his murder, she remarried to Aimery I of Narbonne, being mother of his son Aimery II. o + Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131) [edit] References

1. ^ "Barcelona, Condes de Barcelona". Semanario Pintoresco Español. 1851-04-09. http://descargas.cervantesvirtual.com/servlet/SirveObras/03694152322581617429079/208210_0002.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 2. ^ Antoni de Bofarull (1846). Hazañas Y Recuerdos de Las Catalanes. Harvard College Library. http://books.google.com/books?id=3zIBQLHmlkcC&pg=PA39&lpg=PA39&dq=%22cap+de+estopes%22&source=web&ots=XlHEQf3l7q&sig=oH_-mgNLTjLl8FRIuf7wsnU8l9s&hl=es&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result. Retrieved 2008-07-30.


Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead or Cap de estopes[1][2] (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II.

He succeeded his father Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona to co-rule with his twin brother Berenguer Ramon, in 1075.


Ramon Berenguers's marriage and child

Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno. Following his murder, she remarried to Aimery I of Narbonne, being mother of his son Aimery II

Ramon Berenguer III the Great, count of Barcelona and Provence (before 1082-1131)

Note

Ancestor of Eleanor of Castile, Queen of King Edward I. Ancestor of the Queens of England, France, and Sicily, and Queen of the Romans, daughters of Raymond Berengar IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy.


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Ramon Berenguer II of Barcelona
Ramon Berenguer II of Barcelona

Collaboration

On 10 Mar 2011 at 16:28 GMT Krissi (Hubbard) Love wrote:

Murdered.



Ramón II is 34 degrees from Rosa Parks, 31 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 21 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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