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Borrell (Barcelona) de Barcelona (0946 - 0992)

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Borrell "Conde de Barcelona, Girona, Ausona, y Urgell" de Barcelona formerly Barcelona
Born in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Barcelona, Barcelona, Spainmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spainmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Oct 2015
This page has been accessed 2,801 times.

Contents

Merging Notice

This profile is the result of merging various individual entries from many family trees, still in progress. Interested parties are encouraged to edit the various text blocks into a rational whole.

This profile is a work-in-progress. Under the developing rules on historically-significant ancestors over 300-years-old we are doing expedited merges. The final WikiTree ID is Barcelona-7. Do not merge this profile into any other. Merge duplicates into this profile. The current manager and contact person is Kathy Patterson but this is under the auspices of the European Aristocratic Ancestors User Group so the actual manager is subject to change. Please join the user group to participate in cleaning up and maintaining these profiles. We need one manager to take primary responsibility for each profile. Whitten-1 20:17, 14 January 2012 (EST)

Biography

(from Wikipedia). Borrell II (died 993) was Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 945 and Count of Urgell from 948.

Borrell is first seen acting as count during the reign of his father Marquis Sunyer in 945 at the consecration of the nunnery church of Sant Pere de les Puelles in Barcelona, and succeeded Sunyer along with his brother Miró I in 947, while in 948 he inherited Urgell from his uncle Sunifred II.[1] Miró died in 966, leaving Borrell sole ruler of more than half of Old Catalonia, a status which led outsiders and flatterers to refer to him as dux Gothiae, "Duke of Gothia". His own documents almost all refer to him merely as comes et marchio, "Count and Marquis".[2] [edit] Family

In 967 he married Ledgarda, who based on the names given her children is speculated to have been daughter of a Count of Toulouse or Rouergue. By her Borrell had two sons and two daughters: Ramon Borrell, Ermengol, Ermengarda and Richilda. After his wife's death circa 986 he married Eimeruda of Auvergne in 987. [edit] Career

Borrell's military career seems to have been undistinguished—he is recorded fighting only two battles and seems to have lost both, and it was under his rule that Barcelona was sacked in 985 by the Muslim leader al-Mansur, as discussed below.[3][4] On the other hand, he was a far greater success as a diplomat. Before the attacks of the 980s, and discounting a single raid by the Caliph al-Hakam II soon after his succession in 961, he maintained cordial relations with the Muslim rulers of Córdoba and also sent emissaries to the kings of the Franks.[5] In 970, furthermore, he himself voyaged to Rome to meet with Pope John XIII and Emperor Otto I.[6]

Borrell was also a patron of learning and culture. In 967, Borrell visited the monastery of Aurillac and the Abbot asked the count to take Gerbert of Aurillac with him so that the lad could study mathematics in Spain. In the following years, Gerbert studied under the direction of Bishop Ato of Vich, some 60 km north of Barcelona, and probably also at the nearby Monastery of Santa Maria de Ripoll.[7] He was also taken on the 970 embassy to Rome, during which the Pope persuaded Otto to employ Gerbert as a tutor for his young son, the future emperor Otto II.

In 985 however the Hispanic March was attacked by the Muslim general al-Mansur. Al-Mansur managed to take Barcelona which was pillaged and sacked. Many citizens were taken prisoner by the Muslim forces.[8] Borrell sent a request to help to King Lothar III, the current King of the Western Franks,[9] but although documents of Borrell's refer to royal orders that must have come from this embassy,[10] actual military assistance was beyond Lothar's power. What appears to have been a similar plea to Hugh Capet resulted in a letter from Hugh to Borrell promising aid if the count preferred "to obey us rather than the Ishmaelites",[11] but in the event Hugh could not persuade his nobles to support a southern expedition.[12] No answer to Hugh's letter is known from Borrell, and the connection between the March and France was effectively broken. Catalan historians now consider this the point at which their nation became a sovereign power, and the millennium of their independence was celebrated in 1987 with conferences and numerous publications, but in fact the Catalan counties other than Borrell's appear to have retained links with the Frankish crown for a little longer.[13]

From 988 onwards, Borrell's sons Ramon Borrell and Ermengol appear as rulers in a divided territory, with Ramon Borrell inheriting the core triad of Barcelona, Girona and Osona and Ermengol taking over in Urgell.[14] Borrell continued to issue documents and tour his domains, however, and when he was taken ill in 993 in Castellciutat near la Seu d'Urgell, the will that he made provided for him outliving his executors.[15] It was not to be, however, and his death followed soon afterwards.[16]

Name

Name: /Borelo/. Count. 1st
Name: Borrell /DeBarcelona/[1]

Death

Death: 993. SDATE 1 JUL 993
Death: 30 SEP 992. Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Age: 45-46
Death: 0992-09-30. Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Sources

  1. Source: #S004444

Notes

The Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium names (in order) "Borellus, Ermengaudus et Miro" as the three sons of "Sunyer", specifying that "Borrellus filius Suniarii comitis Urgelli" succeeded his cousin "Seniofredus" in Barcelona[187]. His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Nov 934 under which “Suniarius…comes et Marchio” donated property to the church of Girona, for the souls of “patri meo Wifredi quondam, vel fratri meo Wifredi quondam…vel filio meo Borrello”[188]. He succeeded his father in 950 as Comte de Barcelona, Girona, Ausona, i Urgell. "Borrellus comes" donated property "in comitatu Ausona in…Tolosa", inherited from "genitori meo Suniario", to San Juan de Ripoll by charter dated 19 Feb 955[189]. "Ricildis comitissa" donated property to the abbey of la Grasse by charter dated 954 before 31 Aug subscribed by "Miro comes, Borellus comes"[190], the subscribers assumed to be her sons. "Borrellum et Mironem uterque fratres et marchiones comites" donated property to Monserrat, as requested by "condam Richilli comitissa" in her testament, by charter dated 27 Dec 956[191]. He formed an alliance with Fernando González Conde de Castilla and García III Sánchez King of Navarre against Caliph Al-Hakam II. The alliance was, however, unsuccessful and comte Borrell was defeated by the governor of Zaragoza in 965[192]. "Borrellus…comes et marchio cum coniuge Leudgardis chomitissa" sold the castle of Queralt to "Witardo vicecomite" by charter dated 15 Jul 976[193]. "Borrellus…chomes et marchio" sold property to "Unicfredo que vocant Amado" by charter dated 11 Jun 977, subscribed by "Ledgardis comitissa, Ansulfo, Vuitardus vicescomes…"[194]. "Borrellus…comis et marchio" sold property "in comitatum Orgillitense in villa Cuilare seu Montan-Goncello" to "Reisendo et uxori tue" to the abbey of Gerri by charter dated 24 May 979[195]. He concluded a treaty with the caliph, marking the end of Catalonia's historic dependence on the Frankish kingdom[196], although the treaty was broken by al-Mansur who captured Barcelona in 985[197]. “Borellus…comes et marchio…filios meos Raymundo et Ermengode” ordered the security of “castro…Cardona”, constructed by “avus meus Wifredus comes et marchio”, by charter dated 9 Apr 986, subscribed by “Geribertus vicecomes…Gocefridus frater Borelli comes”[198]. "Borrello…Hibereo duci atque marchiso" donated property to Sant Cugat del Vallés by charter dated 10 Mar 988, subscribed by "Eimerud…comitissa, Miro, Raimundus comes, Ermengaudis…Suniarius comes…"[199]. "Borrellus…comes et marchio" exchanged property with "uxori mee Ermerud comitissa" which she held "in comitatu Urgellense" by charter dated 5 Sep 988 which names "fratri meo Mironi comiti…condam" and is subscribed by "Raimundus comes filio Borrello comitis"[200]. "Borrellus comes et marchio" sold property "in comitatu Urgellitano in valle Castro Leoni" to "Gillelmo vicecomite et uxori tue Sancia" by charter dated 8 Oct 988[201]. The testament of "Borellus comes" dated 24 Sep 993 provides for the disposition of his titles between his successors, as shown below[202]. The Annales Barcinonenses record the death in 993 of "Borrelli comes Barchinonensis"[203]. m firstly (968 or before) LEDGARDE, daughter of --- ([950/53]-after 16 Apr 980). Comte Borrell donated property to the monastery of San Saturnino de Urgell, for the souls of "…uxoris meæ Letgarda vel prolis meæ, que de me et illa procreata est, et…fratris mei Mironis comitis atque marchionis", by charter dated 6 Jun 969[204]. Her birth date is estimated on the assumption that she was 15 years or younger at the time of her marriage, but old enough to have given birth to her first child before the date of this charter. Bofarull records a suggestion by Baluze that Ledgarde was the daughter of "Ramon Pons y Garsinda condes de Auvernia"[205]. The original work in which this suggestion is made has not yet been consulted. However, even without knowing the basis on which the connection with the family of the comtes de Toulouse is made, it is chronological impossible for Ledgarde to have been the daughter of Raymond Pons Comte de Toulouse et d´Auvergne whose children must have been born in the range [920/30]. If Ledgarde did belong to the Toulouse family, she must have been Ledgarde, daughter of Raymond III Comte de Toulouse & his wife [Gundinildis ---], whose children would have been born in the range [940/60]. "Borrellus…comes et marchio cum coniuge Leudgardis chomitissa" sold the castle of Queralt to "Witardo vicecomite" by charter dated 15 Jul 976[206]. "Borrellus…chomes et marchio" sold property to "Unicfredo que vocant Amado" by charter dated 11 Jun 977, subscribed by "Ledgardis comitissa, Ansulfo, Vuitardus vicescomes…"[207]. "Borrellus comes et marchio et uxori mee Ledegards" donated property "in comitatu Ausona" to Vic by charter dated 16 Apr 980[208]. m secondly (before 10 Mar 988) as her second husband, AIMERUDIS, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after 992). "Borrello…Hibereo duci atque marchiso" donated property to Sant Cugat del Vallés by charter dated 10 Mar 988, subscribed by "Eimerud…comitissa, Miro, Raimundus comes, Ermengaudis…Suniarius comes…"[209]. "Borrellus…comes et marchio" exchanged property with "uxori mee Ermerud comitissa" which she held "in comitatu Urgellense" by charter dated 5 Sep 988 which names "fratri meo Mironi comiti…condam" and is subscribed by "Raimundus comes filio Borrello comitis"[210]. The testament of "Borellus comes" dated 24 Sep 993 names "uxore mea Aimerudis" and also "Aldria filia tua" when addressing his wife, which provides confirmation of her first marriage.

Acknowledgement

  • This person was created through the import of 104-B.ged on 12 September 2010.
  • WikiTree profile DeBarcelona-3 created through the import of jefflorrie(1).ged on Sep 10, 2011 by Jeff Johnson.
  • WikiTree profile Borelo-1 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton.
  • WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-94226 created through the import of Sara Betty Northrup_2011-07-29.ged on Jul 30, 2011 by Alexis Connolly. *This person was created through the import of breesefam.ged on 09 May 2011.
  • WikiTree profile DeBarcelona-2 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams.
  • This person was created through the import of My Family File.ged on 19 May 2010.


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