Categories: Quaker Notables.
"John Bartram, the earliest of the American botanists, and the first to establish a botanic garden in America, was the eldest son of William Barton, and grandson of the immigrant John Bartram. He was born in Darby township, on the 23rd of March, 1699. By the will of his uncle, Isaac Bartram, he became possessed of the mansion property of his grand-father, and by will of his father, one-fourth of the estate, which is not supposed to have been large. Being left an orphan at the age of about thirteen, in a newly settled country almost destitute of schools, it cannot be supposed that his opportunities for obtaining an education were very good.
Such as they were, they were embraced by him with all the spirit of youthful enthusiasm--devoting himself to the study of Latin and Greek, when opportunity presented. His inclination was to study physic and surgery, and in the latter science he had acquired so much knowledge as to be useful to his neighbors. His study of nature commenced while engaged in the labor of field. From her ample volume wide-spread before him, John Bartram took his earliest lessons. Conceiving the idea of a botanic garden, he, in the year 1728, purchased the site of the well-known "Bartram's garden," on the banks of the Schuylkill, now the property of Thomas Eastwick, Esq. A further notice of John Bartram as a botanist would be incompatible with this work; his biography in this respect belongs to the State and to the Nation. He was twice married; to his first wife in 1723--to his second in 1729. His first wife was Mary, the daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Maris, of Springfield township. His second was Ann, the daughter of Benjamin Mendenhall, of Concord. By the first marriage he had two children; by his second, nine. He was married both times in accordance with the discipline of the Society of Friends, of which Society he was a member until 1758, when he was disowned for entertaining opinions supposed not to be in accordance with the doctrines of that sect. His religious belief may be gathered from a distich conspicuously engraved with his own hands over an apartment in his house devoted to study and retirement, and from its date it may be concluded that he held the same doctrine till the end of his days.
"'Tis God alone, Almighty Lord, The Holy One, by me adored." "John Bartram, 1770."
His death occurred on the 22nd of September, 1777, shortly after the battle of Brandywine, and it was supposed to have been hastened by the apprehension that 'his daring garden, the cherished nursling of half a century, might not be spared from the ravages that the approaching British Army were then committing in his vicinity.' He had frequently expressed a desire that his illness might be short, and in this he was especially gratified. His age was seventy-eight years and six months." --Smith's History of Delaware County, Pa.
Ann was the 2nd wife of John Bartram, 10 month, 11, 1729, at the Concord MM; his 1st wife Mary Maris (daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Maris of Springfield); dying in 1727 leaving 2 children; Richard and Isaac
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John is 22 degrees from Rosa Parks, 19 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.