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Alan Basset (abt. 1160 - abt. 1232)

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Alan "Lord Basset of Wycombe" Basset
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Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1181 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Englandmap
Profile last modified 13 Sep 2019 | Created 29 Apr 2015 | Last significant change: 13 Sep 2019
15:42: Michael Cayley edited the Biography for Alan Basset (abt.1160-abt.1232). [Thank Michael for this]
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Illustrious Men
Alan Basset was one of 16 Illustrious Men, counselors to King John, who were listed in the preamble to Magna Carta.
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Contents

Biography

Alan Basset was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.

Birth and Parentage

Alan was the son (possibly the youngest of three) of Thomas Basset[1] and Adeliza de Dunstanville.[2] His birth date is uncertain.

Marriage and Children

He married Aline de Gai.[1] (See Research Notes for discussion of whether he had a previous wife, Alice de Gray, or whether they were the same person.) The marriage must have been before 21 April 1191, when he is recorded as having an interest in the advowson of Wootton Bassett: Wooton Basset was a manor he acquired through his marriage to Aline.[3] Likely birth dates for his children point to the probability of a marriage date some years before that.

He had the following children:

Life

By 1186/1187 Alan Basset and his brother Gilbert held lands in the Honour of Wallingford.[6]

Alan Basset served as a senior diplomat and royal advisor. In 1197 Richard I sent him on a mission to try and persuade the Count of Flanders and the Count of Boulogne to renounce their allegiance to Philippe-Auguste of France. In the late 1190s he witnessed a number of documents signed by Richard I, including as surety for Richard I for a treaty with the Count of Flanders.[1] Richard I granted him the manors of Woking, Surrey and Mapledurwell, Hampshire.[1] In 1198 he was also given the right to use dogs in hunting foxes, hares and wildcats throughout the royal lands.[7]

Under King John he continued his close association with the monarch. In 1200 he and his brothers Thomas and Gilbert witnessed the act of homage by the King of Scotland to King John for fiefs in England. He witnessed at least 25 of King John's royal charters in France and England. In 1210 he went with King John to Ireland.[8] In 1215 he accompanied King John to Runnymede for the signing of the Magna Carta, and was named in it as one of the "illustrious men" who acted as the king's counsellors. He was probably with King John on an expedition to the North of England in 1215-1216.[1] John added to his properties the manors of Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, of Berwick Bassett, Wiltshire and of Greywell, Hampshire.[1] There is a record of King John giving him a dolium (keg) of his best wine.[9]

He managed to make the transition to the reign of Henry III smoothly. On 11 November 1216 he was one of the witnesses when the Magna Carta was re-issued.[8][10] He is recorded as in royal service on 14 December 1216. The following year he took part in the Battle of Lincoln, which led to the expulsion of French invading forces from England. He served from time to time in the Curia Regis.[8] In 1220 he and two other ambassadors went to France to secure a four-year truce.[1][8] From 1217 to 1229 he was Sheriff of Rutland.[8]

Through his wife Aline de Gai, Alan Basset held the manors of Wootton Bassett and Broad Town, Wiltshire.[1]

Death

Alan died in 1232.[1] His son Gilbert paid homage to Henry III for his lands on 3 November that year.[11]

Research Notes

Wife or Wives?

It has often been believed that Alan Basset may have had two wives, Alice de Gray and Aline de Gai, though their names are so similar that it has been suspected that they may be the same person. See, for instance, his entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.[1]

There have been a number of threads in soc.genealogy.medieval in which this has been discussed. Douglas Richardson appears to have concluded that Alice de Gray and Aline de Gai are inked the same person. He has shown that Aline de Gai was also called Alice in Curia Regis Rolls, and has found entries in other records, including on Gai and Basset family ownership of the manor of Wootton Bassett, which lends support to his view. The key threads are probably "Marriage Date of Sir Alan Basset and Aline de Gay" (post by Douglas Richardson 27 April 2005) and "Philip de Gai Lord Wootten Bassett?" (post by Douglas Richardson 18 December 2002), but there are others.

There may remain a possibility, though, that Alan Basset had two wives.

Children

Hawise and William have previously been shown as children of Alan Basset, without a source. They are not listed in either the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography or Medlands. Hawise has now been detached; it is possible that there is confusion with Hawise de Louvain, the first wife of Alan Basset's son Philip. Keats-Rohan has a William Basset (d.s.p. 1249) son of a Simon who died in 1205[12], and William has now been attached to him.

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry for 'Basset, Alan', print and online 2004, revised online 2008, available online through some libraries
  2. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry for 'Basset, Thomas', print and online 2004
  3. "Marriage Date of Sir Alan Basset and Aline de Gay", thread in soc.genealogy.medieval, post by Douglas Richardson, 27 April 2005
  4. G E Cokayne. The Complete Peerage, new edition, Vol. VIII, St Catherine Press 1932, p. 214, LOVEL - her first name is identified in footnote j
  5. Frederick Lewis Weis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before 1700, 8th ed., Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, p. 194, line 215-27
  6. Charles Cawley. Medlands, Alan Bassett, citing the 1186/1187 Roll of Honour
  7. William T Reedy (ed.). The Basset Charters c.1120 to 1250, Pipe Roll Society, 1995, charter 245, cited in William John Stewart-Parker, The Bassets of High Wycombe. Politics, Lordship, Locality and Culture in the Thirteenth Century, 2013 thesis made available on King's College, London Research Portal, pp. 13-14, accessed 5 August 2019
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Dictionary of National Biography, ed. Leslie Stephen, (New York, New York, MacMillan, Smith, elder & Co., 1885), Volume III, Baker to Beadon, page 376, entry for Alan Basset, Wikisource
  9. Edward Foss. The Judges of England, Vol. II, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1848, pp. 216-218, Google Books
  10. Wikipedia: Alan Basset
  11. William John Stewart-Parker. The Bassets of High Wycombe. Politics, Lordship, Locality and Culture in the Thirteenth Century, 2013 thesis, King's College, London Research Portal, accessed 5 August 2019, p. 20, citing Calendar of the Fine Rolls of the Reign of Henry III', 1232=1233, No. 8
  12. K S B Keats-Rohan. Domesday Descendants. A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum, The Boydell Press 2002, p.167
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry for 'Basset, Alan', print and online 2004, revised online 2008, available online through some libraries
  • Dictionary of National Biography, ed. Leslie Stephen, (New York, New York, MacMillan, Smith, elder & Co., 1885), Volume III, Baker to Beadon, page 376, entry for Alan Basset, Wikisource
  • Foss, Edward. The Judges of England, Vol. II, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1848, pp. 216-218, Google Books
  • Reedy, William T (ed.). The Basset Charters c.1120 to 1250, Pipe Roll Society, 1995
  • Stewart-Parker, William John. The Bassets of High Wycombe. Politics, Lordship, Locality and Culture in the Thirteenth Century, 2013 thesis made available on King's College, London Research Portal, accessed 7 August 2019
  • Wikipedia: Alan Basset
  • Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands": A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families © by Charles Cawley, hosted by Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG). See also WikiTree's source page for MedLands.
    • Untitled England Nobility A - C; Chapter 10 C, BASSET of HEADINGTON and WALLINGFORD, OXFORDSHIRE, Alan Bassett

Acknowledgements

This page has been edited according to Style Standards WikiiTree Styles and Standards, adopted 25 January 2014



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Collaboration

On 11 Sep 2019 at 17:31 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Magna Carta project logo
100% 5-star profile (see more at Magna Carta Project Star Profiles)

On 5 Aug 2019 at 13:21 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have made a few further changes, incorporating a little info from a thesis recently made available on the web, and adding more sources

On 1 Aug 2019 at 14:59 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have now detached Hawise and William as children of Alan Basset, and amended the research note on children. Thanks to those who responded to my question in G2G.

On 31 Jul 2019 at 15:50 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have substantially revised the bio, adding sources. I have also removed the birth place of Wycombe - Alan was granted Wycombe by King John and there seems to be no evidence for a birthplace - and the death place of Headington, Oxfordshire - no evidence (it was a place associated with his father). That is the main work I intend on the profile. I plan - but not today - to look at the profiles of his wife and children, and to create profiles for the two children who do not have them.

On 30 Jul 2019 at 12:57 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have started to do substantial work on this profile. There are no sources beyond imported GEDCOMS and family trees on the net, and, for Hawise, private family trees, for two of the currently shown children, Hawise and William. I am minded to detach them with a research note and will ask a question in G2G.

On 17 Jun 2019 at 16:19 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I am intermittently working on some of the profiles of "Illustrious Men" who were counsellors of King John and listed in the preamble to the Magna Carta. I will shortly be turning to this profile.




Alan is 28 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 21 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 12 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.