Henry Beaufort
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Henry Beaufort (1436 - 1464)

Henry "3rd Duke of Somerset" Beaufort
Born in Londonmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1460 in (mistress Joan Hill or de la Montaigne)map
Descendants descendants
Died in beheaded by the Yorkists at Hexham, Northumberland, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 May 2011 | Last significant change: 6 Aug 2020
14:28: Michael Cayley edited the Biography for Henry Beaufort (1436-1464). [Thank Michael for this]
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Contents

Biography

Titles of Sir Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset: (Royal Ancestry)

3rd Duke of Somerset
Marquess of Dorset
Earl of Somerset
Earl of Dorset
Lieutenant and Warden of the Isle of Wight 1457
Captain of Calais 1459
Captain of Guines 1459-60
joint Captain of Bamborough Castle 1462
of Corfe Castle, Dorset

Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset[1]

single; d. May 1464[1]

Parents

Edmond Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Eleanor Beauchamp dau. Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick

Mistress

Joan Hill. Issue:[1]

  • Charles Somerset (c.1460-1526). Later legitimized and titled Earl of Worcestor[1]

Occupation

  • Lancastrian commander[1]
  • 1423: Duke of Somerset[2][3]

Death

(Royal Ancestry) He commanded the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Hexham in Northumberland 15 May 1464, where he was defeated and captured. Henry Beaumont, 3rd Duke of Somerset, was beheaded by the Yorkists at Hexham the same day as his capture. His mistress Joan Hill, was granted an annuity of 10 marks by King Henry VII in 1493.

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) henry Beaufort's eldest son, Henry, fought with the victorious Lancastrian army at Wakefield in 1460, and the defeated Lancastrians at Towton the following year. He escaped from Towton to Bamburgh Castle, but later surrendered to Edward IV. In 1464, the duke raised an army to support the restoration of Henry VI, but was defeated at Hedgeley Moor in Northumberland (25 April) and Hexhm, also in Northumberland (10 May). Henry Beaufort was executed after the battle of Hexham and buried in the priory church. There is no record of a monument, although a brass matrix recorded in the eighteenth century may have come from his tomb.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Wikipedia: Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset
  2. Burke, 1864
  3. Title went extinct in 1471 (Burke, 1864)
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. IV p. 657-658
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 P. 248
  • Burke, B. (1864). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales: Comprising & Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time, (pp.63). Harrison and Sons. Google Books.
  • Wikipedia: Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset

Acknowledgements

Magna Carta Project

Henry Beaufort is listed in Douglas Richardson's Magna Carta Ancestry (Vol. IV, p. 49, SOMERSET 10) as in a prospective Magna Carta trail from Gateway Ancestor Maria Johanna (Somerset) Smith to Surety Baron Saher de Quincy. This trail has not yet been developed by the Magna Carta Project. For information about the trail, see the Magna Carta Section of the profile of his son Charles.
See Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Henry by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Comments: 5

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Henry Beaufort is in a prospective trail from Gateway Ancestor Mary Johanna Somerset to Magna Carta Surety Baron Saher de Quincy. I am therefore adopting this profile on behalf of the Magna Carta Project. Any questions, please get in touch. Thanks.
posted on Somerset-10 (merged) by Michael Cayley
Is there good reason why his LNAB is Somerset?
posted on Somerset-10 (merged) by C. Mackinnon
Good question. Richardson has him as Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset. Charles, his illegitimate son, is listed as Somerset by Richardson but the ODNB bio for him has Somerset "formerly Beaufort", which implies born Beaufort and picked up Somerset as surname during his lifetime (I cannot access the full ODNB bio - https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/26004 - requires subscription).
posted on Somerset-10 (merged) by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
There is no reason why the last name should be Somerset. Duke of Somerset was a title not a name.
posted on Somerset-10 (merged) by Michael Cayley
I have now changed the LNAB to Beaufort.
posted by Michael Cayley

Henry is 19 degrees from Laurie Giffin, 31 degrees from Toni Morrison and 5 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.