Antoine Becquerel was born 1788 at what is today Chatillon-Coligny, France and died in 1878 in Paris, France. Antoine was a noted French scientist and Professor of Physics at the Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris, France.
Antoine served as an officer in the Napoleonic Army, serving in Spain and France before resigning and devoting his life to scientific study. He began to study electricity, especially in animals and plants.
In 1820 he found that pressure can induce electricity in every material. In 1825 he invented a differential galvanometer which measures electricalresistance. In 1829 he invented a constant-current electrochemical cell. And in 1839, with his son, he discovered the photovoltaic effect on an electrode immersed in a conductive liquid.
In 1837 Antoine Cesar Becquerel became a Fellow of the Royal Society and received the Copley Medal for his writings on electricity. He became a Correspondent Of the Royal Institute In 1836. When it became the Royal Netherlands Academy Of Arts and Sciences In 1851, he became a foreign member.
His is one of the 72 names engraved in gold on the sides of the Eiffel Tower under the first balcony, in recognition of contributions to science.
Antoine Becquerel, born in Châtillon-sur-Loing on March 7, 1788, was the son of Louis Hector Becquerel de la Chevretière and Anne-Philippe Cornier.
He married Aimée Cécile Darlu on 29 July 1813 in Paris.
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