Agnes (Bernard) Macdonald
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Susan Agnes (Bernard) Macdonald (1836 - 1920)

Baroness Susan Agnes (Agnes) Macdonald formerly Bernard
Born in Spanish Town, Jamaicamap
Wife of — married 16 Feb 1867 in London, Englandmap
Died at age 84 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England, United Kingdommap
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Profile last modified | Created 18 Nov 2009
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Lady Agnes Macdonald was the second wife of Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first prime minister. She was a talented writer, who in addition to her diaries, published travel and political sketches.[1]

Agnes, born in 1836 in Jamaica, was the daughter of Thomas Bernard, a plantation owner and member of Jamaica's Privy Council, and Theodora Hewitt. [2][3] After her father's death in 1850, the family emigrated to Canada. Her brother Hewitt became John A. Macdonald's private secretary when Macdonald was attorney general of Canada West. But it wasn't until 1867 that Agnes married Macdonald after a chance encounter in London, England, where she and her mother were living with family.[4][5]

Lady Macdonald's obituary was published on on 8 September 1920 in London, Greater London, England. She died (age 84) on 5 September 1920 in Eastbourne.[6]

Susan Agnes Macdonald of Earnscliffe died in Eastbourne, Sussex, England and their estate passed probate on 12 October 1921 in London, England.[7]


  1. The Canadian Encyclopedia [1]
  2. "Jamaica Births and Baptisms, 1752-1920," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 18 August 2015), Susan Agnes Bernard, ; citing Jamaica, reference v3A,it1,p306,#154; FHL microfilm 1,291,712.
  3. Creighton, Donald. John A. Macdonald. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998, p. 455. Google e-Book
  4. "England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 18 August 2015), John Alexander Macdonald, 1867; from “England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005,” database, findmypast ( : 2012); citing Marriage, St. George Hanover Square, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
  5. Marriage: "Canada, Marriage Index, 1800s-current"
    Ottawa Daily Citizen; Publication Date: 7/ Mar/ 1867; Publication Place: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; URL: Clipping
    Ancestry Record 62227 #85009883 (accessed 19 October 2022)
    Susan Agnes Bernard marriage to John A. Macdonald in Abt 1867 in Hanover Square.
  6. Obituary: "UK and Ireland, Obituary Index, 1800s-current"
    The Daily Telegraph; Publication Date: 8 Sep 1920; Publication Place: London, Greater London, England; Free Clipping
    Ancestry Record 62221 #939766900 (accessed 19 October 2022)
    Name: Lady Macdonald [Lady Bernard]; Gender: Female; Death Age: 84; Birth Date: abt 1836; Marriage Date: 1867; Residence Place: Earnscliffe ( Ontario; Death Date: Abt 1920; Death Place: Eastbourne; Obituary Date: 8 Sep 1920; Obituary Place: London, Greater London, England; Newspaper Title: The Daily Telegraph; Father: T J Bernard; Spouse: John; Child: Mary Macdonald.
  7. Probate: "England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995"
    Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry Record 1904 #724936 (accessed 19 October 2022)
    Susan Agnes Macdonald Macdonald of Earnscliffe probate on 12 Oct 1921 in London, England. Died 5 Sep 1920 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

See also:

Wikipedia:Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe

Volume XIV (1911-1920)Dictionary of Canadian Biography BERNARD, SUSAN AGNES (Macdonald, Baroness Macdonald),

  • Memorial: Find a Grave (has image)
    Find A Grave: Memorial #139383098 (accessed 3 December 2023)
    Memorial page for Susan Agnes Bernard Macdonald (24 Aug 1836-5 Sep 1920), citing Ocklynge Cemetery, Eastbourne, Eastbourne Borough, East Sussex, England (plot: Y163 Con); Maintained by Pat Allan (contributor 47266087).

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Her personal Fonds Collections and papers of her husband as well can be found within the Library and Archives of Canada here-,204830,122166,2095973,5030348,192771,3809355,138583,3830886

Additional link to see the files is also listed for LOC /Héritage, Canadiana CRKN, Baroness Macdonald family papers : C-1447, 100 pages here -

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous

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