Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod

Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod (abt. 1185 - 1225)

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Hugh "5th Earl of Norfolk" le Bigod formerly Bigod
Born about in Suffolk, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 1207 (to about Feb 1225) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Thetford, Norfolk, Englandmap
Profile last modified 25 May 2020 | Created 14 Apr 2010 | Last significant change: 25 May 2020
14:42: Liz (Noland) Shifflett edited the Biography for Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod (abt.1185-1225). (updated source entry for Prof. Saul's article on the Bigods) [Thank Liz for this]
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Magna Carta Surety Baron
Hugh le Bigod was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
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Contents

Biography

Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod was a member of aristocracy in England.

Name and Titles

Hugh le Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk
Hereditary Steward of the Household.
Hereditary Warden of Romford Forest.
Surety to the Magna Carta signed by King John in 1215.
Son and heir.[1]

Birth and Parentage

"Hugh Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk,[1] the eldest son, was born before 1195. He was the hereditary steward of the king's household, and hereditary bearer of the Barons of St. Edmund. Not many particulars of this Baron's life have been preserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the title of Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors, to which he had succeeded in the 5th year of King Henry III.[2]

Marriage and Children

He married, probably before Lent 1207, Maud Marshal.[1]
"He married Maud Marshal, eldest daughter of William Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Isabel Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, the Strongbow, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Dermot MacMurcha, King of Leinster, Ireland. She was also the sister of the Surety William Marshal and she married (2) William, Earl of Warren/Warrenne and Surrey."[3]
Children of Hugh le Bigod and Maud Marshall:
  • Roger, Knt,, 6th Earl of Norfolk
  • Hugh, III, Knt.
  • Ralph, Knt.
  • Isabel, m1. Gilbert de Lacy (3 ch.), m2. John Fitz Geoffrey (6 ch.).[4]
  • William (possibly)
Some sources show an additional son, Simon. Richardson has termed such a connection "quite doubtful" and that a descent of Simon from a different branch of the Bigod family is more likely.[5]
No documentation has been found regarding John, another purported son.

Death

Died: between 11 February and 18 February 1224/5.[1]

Notes

Magna Carta
In 1215, he and his father joined the confederacy of the barons against the king.[1]

Sources

Footnotes and citations:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry. (2013): Vol. 1, p. 363-364. (Hugh was the 5th Earl of Norfolk, not the 3rd)
  2. Rootsweb.
  3. McBride2, citing Burke's p. 53, cited by Rootsweb.
  4. Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Ed., Vol. IV, p. 245-249, VERDUN 3.
  5. Richardson, Douglas, Royal Ancestry (2013), Vol II, pp. 552-553, footnote:
    "Modern Bigod family sources...such as C. P. 10 (1945) 590, Paget, Baronage of England (1957) 65:1, and Morris, Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the 13th Century (2005) do not include a son, Simon, in the family of Earl Hugh le Bigod, earl of Norfolk. As such, the alleged connection to Earl Hugh le Bigod seems quite doubtful. Anstis has suggested, alternatively, that the Felbrigg family of Norfolk was probably descended from a cadet banch of Ralph le Bigod, the Domesday tenant [see Anstis, Reg of the Order of the Garter, 2 (1724): 169, which descent may well be more likely. Whatever the case, the matter deserves further study."
Source list:
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families. (Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013): vol. 1 p. 363-364.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, exp. 2nd ed., in 4 vols., (Salt Lake City, Utah, 2011): Vol. I, p. 200-202, 421.
  • Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd edition, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), Vol. IV, p. 365, WOODWARD [Path to MCP Gateway ancestors Sarah and Frances Woodward].
Roger Bigod and Hugh Bigod.
  • Medieval Lands, database online, author Charles Cawley, (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2006-2013), England, Earls of Norfolk, Link
See also:
  • For additional information about early baronies, see the top-level category page Early English Feudal Baronies. Individual category pages (links below) should include information specific to the category.

Acknowledgements

This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than Bigod-1 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged.

Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.

Magna Carta Project

Hugh le Bigod is a Magna Carta surety baron and has the Magna Carta Project as a manager.
See Bigod-1 Descendants for profiles of his descendants that have been improved and categorized by the Magna Carta project and are in a project-approved trail to a Gateway Ancestor. See this index for links to other surety barons and category pages for their descendants. See the project's Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails.


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Comments: 22

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Tim, methods of counting can vary which leads to confusion. This is especially difficult in very early creations of a title. You can say he was the 3rd earl of the 3rd creation of the title, or that he was the 5th earl of Norfolk overall. In this case actually, it is clear the the old title was settled on his grandfather (3rd earl) by Henry II so it was not a true new creation as we think of it in modern terms. As a way of standardizing such things, we follow Complete Peerage as the definitive source which makes this Hugh Bigod the 5th earl.
posted by Joe Cochoit
A quick internet search shows Hugh Bigod born abt 1186, is the 3rd Earl of Norfolk
posted by Tim (Moore) Schaeffer
Good catch, Liz. The "III" should be removed from this Hugh le Bigod.

Looking in Royal Ancestry, Vol I, under Bigod starting on page 362, I can't even find any Hugh the third - (this Hugh's father is Roger). This Hugh le Bigod had a son Hugh BUT that son did not have a son Hugh (who would have been Hugh III, but no such person).

Thanks Liz!

Nothing in the text indicates he was "Hugh III" in his lifetime, so it seems odd that it's in the preferred name field. OK to delete "III" from that field?
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
The Comment by Chase Ashley regarding the use of "Sir" motivated me to look up Hugh le Bigod's biography in Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Vol I, page 364. Hugh le Bigod is written by Douglas Richardson without the honorific of SIR, as:

"Hugh le Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk, died between 11th Feb. and 18 Feb. 1224/5."

Regardless that there may be more to it than can be covered here, and this era produces conflicting opinions among experts, it is my opinion WikiTree should continue to use "SIR" unless a question in G2G produces changes in the guidelines.

Hugh's son also named Hugh is written by Richardson with the honorific "SIR". A survey of other lords shows some with, others without.

Unless an original record can be produced that shows he was called "Sir", it should be deleted as a prefix since "Sir" supposedly wasn't used as an honorific in England until 1297 and, in any event, was for lesser mortal like knights and baronets. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir
posted by Chase Ashley
Deborah, Martha (Yonge) Moore is not a gateway ancestor. The problem is with her father's false father. George Young-3414, b. 1517 in Shropshire, was NOT the father of Christopher Yonges-9, b. 1575(!) in faraway Suffolk. That link should be detached.
posted by [Living Schmeeckle]
In reference to the previous message:

Martha (Yonge) Moore's ID # is Yonges-8, not Yonge-8. The relationship link to Hugh Bigod is through Hugh's daughter Isabel. Thank you.

My gateway ancestor is not listed on Hugh's information. I am a 23rd G granddaughter and would want to pursue this further. I have a gateway ancestor Martha (Yonge) Moore, ID # YONGE-8 as a possible candidate. What is the next step? Thank you

Hugh is 24 degrees from Donald Howard, 19 degrees from Julia Howe and 11 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: House of Bigod | Earls of Norfolk | Early Barony of Framlingham | Magna Carta | Surety Barons | Bigod-2 Descendants