Hugh was the son and main heir of Roger le Bigod and Ida de Toeni. His birth date is uncertain but his parents married around Christmas 1181, so a guesstimate of about 1185 may not be unreasonable.
Marriage and Children
Hugh married Maud Marshal, daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare (also known as Isabel FitzGilbert), probably before Lent 1207. They had the following children:
Richard, a priest, named as "nepos" (descendant) of "marescali Anglie, comitis Pembroch, et ... comitis Norfulcie" (Marshal of England, Earl of Pembroke ... and Earl of Norfolk) in a papal indulgence of 1235
In 1215 Hugh and his father joined in the baronial unrest which led to the signing of the Magna Carta, of which they were both Surety Barons.
In December 1215 Hugh was excommunicated, alongside his father and others, for his part in rebellion against King John. Hugh and Roger remained in rebellion until September 1217.
In 1221 Roger le Bigod died. Hugh paid homage for his father's lands on 2 August 1221, and became 5th Earl of Norfolk overall, and 3rd of the second creation. Hugh also inherited the positions of Steward of the royal household and warden of Romford Forest, Essex.
In the years 1221 to 1225, he
made a small gift of property to Subton Abbey, Suffolk
granted the manor of Stockton, Norfolk to Hamo Lenveise
granted land at Mettingham, Suffolk to John FitzAugustine
In 1222 Hugh was granted the right to hold a market at Dovercourt, Essex.
On 11 February 1224-5 he witnessed the confirmation of the Magna Carta.
Hugh died before 18 February 1224-5, within days of his witnessing the Magna Carta confirmation. His wife survived him, going on to marry William de Warenne, one of the Illustrious Men listed as King John's advisers in the Magna Carta.
Per pale Gules and Azure, a lion rampant ermine, as recorded during the signing of Magna Charta.
From the Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Biography of Hugh and his father
by Professor Nigel Saul
"Roger was joined in his rebellion by his son and heir Hugh, who was already of full age, and the two stood in the forefront of the opposition in East Anglia. In March 1216 the king succeeded in taking the family’s main castle at Framlingham and put pressure on the earl by pardoning those of his followers whom he captured, while condemning those who refused to submit to forfeiture of their lands. Roger and Hugh did not return to their allegiance until after the general peace settlement agreed with Henry III’s Minority government at Kingston-on-Thames in September 1217. By April of the following year the earl had received back all his lands and titles, but, by now over 70, he was in semi-retirement and he died three years later in 1221. He was succeeded as earl by his son, another of the Twenty Five, who in 1206 or 1207 had married Matilda, daughter of the future Regent, William Marshal, earl of Pembroke. The son died in February 1225."
Blomefield's Topographical History of Norfolk suggests that Hugh was "said" to have had a son Simon, but gives no evidence for this. There is no support for the relationship in Cokayne's Complete Peerage or other reliable sources more recent than Blomefield.
Previously-shown son John
John Bigod has previously been shown on WikiTree as a son of Hugh. John's profile has no good sourcing, and he may never have existed.
Daughter said on Wikipedia to have married William Devereux
The Wikipedia entry for William Devereux says (as at 27 November 2021) that his first wife was a daughter of Hugh Bigod and Maud Marshall. Wikipedia gives just one source for William Devereux's first wife being their daughter - an edition of a Welsh Assize Roll. The relevant paragraph in this book can be found on Familysearch, and whoever wrote this part of the Wikipedia article would appear to have misread it. The paragraph relates to a dispute between William Devereux and Roger Bigod, Bigod-41. It mentions a Roger Bigod as uncle of Roger, Bigod-41, not as uncle of William Devereux: the uncle is Roger Bigod, Bigod-39. There is no mention of a Hugh Bigod.
Wikipedia's own article on Hugh Bigod lists no daughter who married William Devereux.
↑ Francis Blomefield, 'North Erpingham Hundred: Felbrigg', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 8 (London, 1808), pp. 107-119, British History Online, accessed 27 November 2021
For additional information about early baronies, see the top-level category page Early English Feudal Baronies. Individual category pages (links below) should include information specific to the category.
See Bigod-1 Descendants for profiles of his descendants that have been improved and categorized by the Magna Carta project and are in a project-approved trail to a Gateway Ancestor. See this index for links to other surety barons and category pages for their descendants. See the project's Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails.