Hugh  (Bigod) le Bigod

Hugh (Bigod) le Bigod (abt. 1185 - 1225)

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Sir Hugh (Hugh III) "5th Earl of Norfolk" le Bigod formerly Bigod
Born about in Suffolk, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about (to about ) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Thetford, Norfolk, Englandmap
Bigod-1 created 14 Apr 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 17 Sep 2017
22:29: John Schmeeckle deleted a message from Robert Johnson on the page for Hugh III (Bigod) le Bigod. [Thank John for this]
This page has been accessed 9,249 times.

Categories: House of Bigod | Earls of Norfolk | Surety Barons | Bigod-2 Descendants.

Magna Carta Surety Baron
Hugh III le Bigod was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.



Name, Titles, Lands

Hugh le Bigod

5th Earl of Norfolk
hereditary Steward of the Household
hereditary Warden of Romford Forest
son and heir. [1]

Birth and Parentage

"Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, the eldest son, was born before 1195. He was the hereditary steward of the king's household, and hereditary bearer of the Barons of St. Edmund. Not many particulars of this Baron's life have been preserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the title of Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors, to which he had succeeded in the 5th year of King Henry III. [2]


He married probably before Lent 1207 Maud Marshal. [1]

He married Maud Marshal, eldest daughter of William Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Isabel Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, the Strongbow, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Dermot MacMurcha, King of Leinster, Ireland. She was also the sister of the Surety William Marshal & she married (2) William, Earl of Warren/Warrenne and Surrey" [3]

Magna Carta

In 1215, he and his father joined the confederacy of the barons against the king.[1]


He died in February 1224-25. [2]


Douglas Richardson shows four sons and one daughter:[1]

  1. Roger, Knt, 6th Earl of Norfolk
  2. Hugh, III, Knt
  3. Ralph, Knt
  4. William (possibly)
  5. Isabel married Fitzgeoffrey

Some sources show an additional son Simon. Richardson [4] has termed such a connection "quite doubtful" and that a descent of Simon from a different branch of the Bigod family is more likely.

No documentation has been found regarding John, another purported son.

Gateway Ancestors

Descendants of Magna Carta surety barons who immigrated to the Americas are referred to as Gateway Ancestors. Douglas Richardson documents the ancestry of many who immigrated before 1700 in his Magna Carta Ancestry (#Richardson). WikiTree's Magna Carta project exists "to categorize and improve profiles of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta; about two hundred proven American colonial Gateway Ancestors who were their descendants; and the documented lineages that connect them." Using Richardson as its primary source, the project has identified most Magna Carta Gateway Ancestors with profiles in WikiTree (collected in the category Gateway Ancestors).
For profiles of descendants and Gateway Ancestors of Sir Hugh III le Bigod that have been improved and categorized by the Magna Carta project, see Bigod-1 Descendants (see this index for links to other surety barons and category pages for their descendants).


  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson, Vol. I page 364

Children of Hugh le Bigod, by Maud Marshal: They had four sons, Roger, Knt., [6th Earl of Norfolk], Hugh, Knt., Ralph, Knt., and possibly William, and one daughter, Isabel.

i. ROGER LE BIGOD, Knt, 6th Earl of Norfolk
iv. RICHARD LE BIGOD, clerk.

Children of

  • Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. V p. 309
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, 2013. Volume i, P. 364
  2. 2.0 2.1
  3. McBride2 citing Burke's p53, cited by Rootsweb.
  4. "Modern Bigod family sources...such as C. P. 10 (1945) 590, Paget, Baronage of England (1957) 65:1, and Morris, Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the 13th Century (2005) do not include a son, Simon, in the family of Earl Hugh le Bigod, earl of Norfolk. As such, the alleged connection to Earl Hugh le Bigod seems quite doubtful. Anstis has suggested, alternatively, that the Felbrigg family of Norfolk was probably descended from a cadet banch of Ralph le Bigod, the Domesday tenant [see Anstis, Reg of the Order of the Garter, 2 (1724): 169, which descent may well be more likely. Whatever the case, the matter deserves further study." Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry (2013), Volume II, pp. 552-553, footnote.

See also:

  • Magna Carta Ancestry 2011 2nd ed. Vol. I p. 200-202
  • Medieval Lands, database online, author Charles Cawley, (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2006-2013), England, Earls of Norfolk, Link
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I p. 364-366


This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Descriptions of imported gedcoms for this profile are under the Changes tab.

European Aristocracy
Hugh III (Bigod) le Bigod is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles.
Join: British Isles Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project
MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2017.

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No known carriers of Hugh III's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Magna Carta template
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Hugh le Bigod coat of arms
Hugh le Bigod coat of arms


On 1 Mar 2017 at 07:09 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:

The Comment by Chase Ashley regarding the use of "Sir" motivated me to look up Hugh le Bigod's biography in Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Vol I, page 364. Hugh le Bigod is written by Douglas Richardson without the honorific of SIR, as:

"Hugh le Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk, died between 11th Feb. and 18 Feb. 1224/5."

Regardless that there may be more to it than can be covered here, and this era produces conflicting opinions among experts, it is my opinion WikiTree should continue to use "SIR" unless a question in G2G produces changes in the guidelines.

Hugh's son also named Hugh is written by Richardson with the honorific "SIR". A survey of other lords shows some with, others without.

On 28 Feb 2017 at 23:48 GMT Chase Ashley wrote:

Unless an original record can be produced that shows he was called "Sir", it should be deleted as a prefix since "Sir" supposedly wasn't used as an honorific in England until 1297 and, in any event, was for lesser mortal like knights and baronets.

On 3 Jun 2016 at 09:05 GMT John Schmeeckle wrote:

Deborah, Martha (Yonge) Moore is not a gateway ancestor. The problem is with her father's false father. George Young-3414, b. 1517 in Shropshire, was NOT the father of Christopher Yonges-9, b. 1575(!) in faraway Suffolk. That link should be detached.

On 2 Jun 2016 at 18:40 GMT Deborah (Hoffman) Weiner wrote:

In reference to the previous message:

Martha (Yonge) Moore's ID # is Yonges-8, not Yonge-8. The relationship link to Hugh Bigod is through Hugh's daughter Isabel. Thank you.

On 2 Jun 2016 at 18:30 GMT Deborah (Hoffman) Weiner wrote:

My gateway ancestor is not listed on Hugh's information. I am a 23rd G granddaughter and would want to pursue this further. I have a gateway ancestor Martha (Yonge) Moore, ID # YONGE-8 as a possible candidate. What is the next step? Thank you

On 11 Mar 2016 at 05:16 GMT John Schmeeckle wrote:

Thanks Doug; I corrected the coat of arms. By the way, a three-pointed label isn't always a mark of cadency; the Prideaux family (for example) bore their arms with a label for many centuries. Regarding fifth or third earl, I would favor uniformly describing him as the third earl.

On 11 Mar 2016 at 01:27 GMT Doug Straiton wrote:

Hi. I noticed that the name field states 5th Earl while much of the bio refers to him as the 3rd Earl. This is a tricky issue; he was the 3rd Earl in the Second Creation of the Earldom. The first creation has expired and reverted to the Crown as extinct. We likely need to resolve this as policy; could one of the lead PM please drop a note to John Atkinson and myself.

The next point is that the coat of arms shown on this page indicate him as the son of the Earl. The blue bar with three points is a mark of cadency indicating the first son. These arms would have been him while his father was alive. His arms as Earl are without the mark. I can draw this if you wish and post it up.

On 11 Mar 2016 at 00:15 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:

I've detached Lorette; I don't know who attached him. I don't think his ancestry is known. I've never heard of Richard le Bigod...

On 11 Mar 2016 at 00:07 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:

Royal Ancestry Vol. I on page 364. reads Hugh Le Bigod, and Maud Marshal had four sons, Roger, Hugh, Ralph, and possibly William, and one daughter, Isabel. Next, page 365-6 list children, Roger Le Bigod, Hugh Le Bigod, Ralph Le Bigod, Richard Le Bigod, and Isabel Le Bigod. In the text it reads 'and possibly William.
Is Richard one of the sons? Or, is this a slip in typing in Richard for the possible son William?


On 10 Mar 2016 at 23:54 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:

Lorette Pigot, is not listed as one of the children of Hugh Le Bigod, by Maud Marshal in Royal Ancestry Vol. I, page 364-5. Should she be disconnected?


more comments

Hugh III is 23 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 26 degrees from Robynne Lozier, 16 degrees from Pocahontas Rolfe and 21 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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