||Magna Carta Surety Baron|
Roger Bigod was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
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"The Bigods were a major East Anglian landowning family, based at Framlingham (Suffolk), who had held the earldom of Norfolk since its grant to Hugh Bigod in 1140 or 1141. Roger (c. 1143-1221) was the only son of this Hugh by his first wife, Juliana, sister of Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford. 
Son of Hugh le Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk.
He was born before 1140. 
"Roger’s father had left him a tangled inheritance. He had repudiated his son’s mother and had subsequently married Gundreda, daughter of Roger, earl of Warwick, by whom he had two more sons, Hugh and William, for whom their mother, after their father’s death in 1176 or 1177, sought to make provision out of the family inheritance at their elder half-brother’s expense. Henry II, savouring the opportunity to gain his revenge on Hugh for his involvement in the rebellion against him in 1173-4, deliberately left the case unresolved, refused to allow the son to succeed to the father’s earldom, and confiscated the lands in dispute between the heir and the half-blood. 
On the death of his father in 1176, he and his stepmother, Gundreda, appealed to the king on a dispute touching the inheritance, the countess pressing the claims of her own son. Henry thereupon seized the treasures of Earl Hugh into his own hands, and it seems that during the remainder of this reign Roger had small power, even if his succession was allowed. His position, however, was not entirely overlooked. He appears as a witness to Henry's award between the kings of Navarre and Castile on 16 March 1177, and in 1186 he did his feudal service as steward in the court held at Guildford.
About Christmas 1181 he married Ida de Tony. Prior to marriage, Ida was a mistress of King Henry II of England, by whom she was the mother of William Longespee, Knight, Earl of Salisbury.
"On Richard's succession to the throne, 3 Sept. 1189, Bigod was taken into favour. By charter of 27 Nov. the new king confirmed him in all his honours, in the earldom of Norfolk, and in the stewardship of the royal household, as freely as Roger, his grandfather, and Hugh, his father, had held it. He was next appointed one of the ambassadors to Philip of France to arrange for the crusade, and during Richard's absence from England on that expedition he supported the king's authority against the designs of Prince John. On the pacification of the quarrel between the prince and the chancellor, William Longchamp, bishop of Ely, on 28 July 1191, Bigod was put into possession of the castle of Hereford, one of the strongholds surrendered by John, and was one of the chancellor's sureties in the agreement. In April 1193 he was summoned with certain other barons and prelates to attend the chancellor into Germany, where negotiations were being carried on to effect Richard's release from captivity; and in 1194, after the surrender of Nottingham to the king, he was present in that city at the great council held on 30 March. At Richard's re-coronation, 17 April, he assisted in bearing the canopy. In July or August of the same year he appears as one of the commissioners sent to York to settle a quarrel between the archbishop and the canons."
Roger was only able to vindicate his rights on Richard I’s accession in 1189, when the earldom was granted to him on payment of the relatively low relief of one thousand marks (£666). 
"After Richard's return home, Bigod's name is found on the records as a justiciar, fines being levied before him in the fifth year of that king's reign, and from the seventh onwards. He also appears as a justice itinerant in Norfolk.
"Thereafter Roger enjoyed a long and honourable career in royal service. He served Richard as a justice in eyre (i.e. itinerant judge) and as a baron of the exchequer. 
After Richard's death, Bigod succeeded in gaining John's favour, and in the first years of his reign continued to act as a judge. In October 1200 he was one of the envoys sent to summon William of Scotland to do homage at Lincoln, and was a witness at the ceremony on 22 Nov. following; 
In John’s reign he took part in the defence of Normandy, and after 1206 served on campaigns in Poitou and within the British Isles. 
At a later period he appears to have fallen into disgrace, and was imprisoned in 1213. In the course of the same year, however, he was released and apparently restored to favour, as he accompanied the king to Poitou in February 1214, and about the same time compounded by a fine of 2,000 marks for the service of 120 knights and all arrears of scutages. 
In 1215, however, he went over to the opposition, joining the rebel barons in their muster at Stamford. In part, his involvement on the rebel arose in response to the financial pressures exerted on him by the king. The scutage – money due in lieu of personal military service – that the earl owed from his many estates was so substantial that in 1211 he was driven to striking a deal with the exchequer to pay 2000 marks (£1333) for respite during his lifetime from demands for arrears and for liability to a reduced sum in future. Roger had various other grievances against the king. One at least related to litigation. In 1207, when a legal action had been brought against him in the royal courts, he objected to the chosen jurors on grounds of their likely bias, but his arguments had been ignored by the king, who ordered the case to proceed. 
"Roger was joined in his rebellion by his son and heir Hugh, who was already of full age, and the two stood in the forefront of the opposition in East Anglia. In March 1216 the king succeeded in taking the family’s main castle at Framlingham and put pressure on the earl by pardoning those of his followers whom he captured, while condemning those who refused to submit to forfeiture of their lands. Roger and Hugh did not return to their allegiance until after the general peace settlement agreed with Henry III’s Minority government at Kingston-on-Thames in September 1217. By April of the following year the earl had received back all his lands and titles, but, by now over 70, he was in semi-retirement and he died three years later in 1221. 
Next year he joined the confederate barons in the movement which resulted in the grant of Magna Charta on 15 June 1215, and was one of the twenty-five executors, or trustees, of its provisions. He was consequently included in the sentence of excommunication which Innocent III soon afterwards declared against the king's opponents, and his lands were cruelly harried by John's troops in their incursions into the eastern counties."
"After the accession of Henry III, Bigod returned to his allegiance, and his hereditary right to the stewardship of the royal household was finally recognised at the council of Oxford on 1 May 1221. 
But before the following August he died. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugh, as third earl, who, however, survived him only four years."
He died three years later in 1221. He was succeeded as earl by his son, another of the Twenty Five, who in 1206 or 1207 had married Matilda, daughter of the future Regent, William Marshal, earl of Pembroke. The son died in February 1225. 
Sir Roger le Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk, died in 1221, before 2 August. 
Roger le Bigod and Ida de Tony had five sons and three daughters: 
The following persons have been previously included as children of Roger le Bigod here but are not verified by Richardson and are therefore no longer linked, pending establishment of documentation that they are in fact children of Roger le Bigod.
"Framlingham castle, as we see it today, is largely the product of a rebuilding carried out by Earl Roger in Richard the Lionheart’s reign, following the partial demolition of the fabric by Henry II in 1174. It consists of a cluster of baileys set on a low eminence above a flooded mere. The inner bailey, which constituted its central space, was innovative in taking the form of an irregular-shaped curtain wall punctuated at intervals by open-backed towers, dispensing great tower or keep customary in Norman castles."
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On 26 Mar 2019 at 05:49 GMT David Douglass wrote:
On 26 Mar 2019 at 04:27 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
On 25 Mar 2019 at 19:03 GMT Isaac Taylor wrote:
On 25 Mar 2019 at 19:02 GMT Isaac Taylor wrote:
Say... what is going on here with 2nd vs 4th Earl? I see comments below and self-contradictions in the Bio notes. Are we going to fix them, or are we happy with the way things are now?
Of course, I understand debates about numbering-- lot of confusing examples. Is this one?
Currently, we seem to be asserting:
1) The Roger 1209-1270 who m. Isabella of Scotland is NOT the 4th Earl of Norfolk... because this Roger is?
2) This Roger 1140s-1221 (?) who m. Ida Tosny/Toeni is NOT the 2nd Earl of Norfolk... because... why?
Given the father of this Roger Bigod-2 is Hugh Bigod-7, 1st Earl of the second creation... and the earlier first creation was forfeit 1074, then lapsed for 20 years... it's not clear how we justify calling this guy 4.
On 9 Jan 2019 at 21:33 GMT M (Gervais) Anonymous wrote:
On 13 Aug 2018 at 04:55 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
Medlands actually names the wife of this Roger as Ida unknown. The identity of "Countess Ida" had been for decades been one the great genealogical mysteries with many theories. Only recently has her identity been proven. Please see the numerous discussions on soc.genealogy.medieval. Also Ray Phair, "William Longespée, Ralph Bigod, and Countess Ida" [The American Genealogist, vol. 77, pp. 279-281].
On 12 Aug 2018 at 10:36 GMT M (Gervais) Anonymous wrote:
"The Annals of Bermondsey which record the death in 1107 of “Rogerus Bigod, principalis fundator monasterii Beatæ Mariæ Thetfordiæ”. [m firstly ADELAIS, daughter of ---. The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rodgerus Bigodus, Atheles uxor eius, Willelmus filius eorum". “Willielmus Bigot, dapifer regis Anglorum” donated property to Thetford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Rogerii Bigoti et matris meæ Adelidis” and for the salvation of “fratris mei Hugonis et sororum mearum”, by undated charter dated to the reign of King Henry I." The Complete Peerage states that the wording of this charter shows that Adelais de Tosny was deceased at the time.
On 14 Apr 2018 at 17:41 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
On 14 Apr 2018 at 15:56 GMT Tim (Moore) Schaeffer wrote:
On 12 May 2017 at 03:40 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:
"Royal Ancestry" Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 362
Prior to marriage, Ida was a mistress of King Henry II of England, by whom she was the mother of William Longespee, Knt., Earl of Salisbury. She married about Christmas 1181 Roger Le Bigod, Knt., 4th Earl of Norfolk, son and heir of Hugh le Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, by his 1st wife, Juliane, daughter of Aubrey de Vere.