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Ruqayyah bint Muhammed (0601 - 0624)

Hazrat Ruqayyah bint Muhammed
Born in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Medina, Hejaz, Arabiamap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Jun 2012
This page has been accessed 2,555 times.

Contents

Biography

601 Birth and Parents

Ruqayyah bint Muhammad (رقیہ بنت محمدؓ) was born in the year 601 or 602 of the Common Era in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia. [1] She is regarded as the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad and Khadija bint Khuwaylid. She was their third child and second daughter. Her moher Khadija was a successful merchant.

Some Shia accounts don't consider her to have been a biological daughter of Muhammad; they consider Fatimah as his only biological daughter. [1]

610 First Marriage

She was married before August 610 to her cousin, Utbah ibn Abu Lahab, but the marriage was never consummated. [2]

Wikipedia reports the circumstances of this marriage's dissolution before it was consummated. Ruqayyah had became a Muslim when her mother died and Muhammed began to preach openly in 613. At this point, the Quraysh tribe, which had been caring for Muhammed's daughters, returned them to Muhammed for him to take care of and Utbah's father Abu Lahab told Utbah that he would give him an alternate wife if he divorced Ruqayyah. Muhammed told Abu Lahab he would go to hell at which point Abu Lahab told his son Utbah he would never speak to him again unless he divorced Ruqayyah. [1]

615 Marriage to Uthman

Ruqayyah was married to a prominent Muslim, Uthman ibn Affan by the year 615. She accompanied him on the first Migration to Abyssinia, where she suffered a miscarriage. They returned to Abyssinia in 616, and there Ruqayyah gave birth to a son, Abdullah, in 619. Abdullah died when he was six years old in Medina. [1]

Ruqayyah was said to be extremely beautiful. When Usama ibn Zayd was sent on an errand to their house, he found himself staring at her and at Uthman in turns. Muhammad asked Usama, "Have you ever seen a more handsome couple than those two?" and he agreed that he had not.[1]

Uthman and Ruqayyah were among those who returned to Mecca in 619. Uthman emigrated to Medina in 622, and Ruqayyah followed him later.[1]

624 Death

She died in March, 624, aged 23 in Medina, Hejaz, Arabia, and us buried at Al-Baqi.[1]

Ruqayyah fell ill in March 624. Uthman was excused from his military duties in order to nurse her. She died later in the month, on the day when Zayd ibn Harithah returned to Medina with news of their victory at the Battle of Badr. When Muhammad returned to Medina after the battle, the family went to grieve at her grave. The women wept noisily, and Umar hit them with his whip; but Muhammad said: "Let them weep, Umar; but beware of the braying of Satan." [1]

Alternatively, however, several prominent Shia accounts, like that of medieval Shiite cleric Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, claim that Ruqayyah was beaten to death by Uthman. [1]

Children

Ruqayyah was the mother of Abdullah ibn Uthman who was born in 619 and died in 625, when he was six years old. She had no further children.[1]

Other Attributed Children

Ruqayyah is shown in some popular genealogies as the mother of Aisha, who married Marwan Omeya. No basis has been found to confirm this relationship, and Aisha is shown born a decade after Ruqayyah's death.

Research Notes

Research Notes, 13 Aug 2019

While researching another profile, that of Aisha bint Abdul aka bint Abdul, it was noticed that Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, the Prophet Muhammad's third child and second daughter [1] appears in WikiTree under at least three profiles, Rukaiya ibn Affan al-Umayyah formerly bint Muhammed, Ruquya bint Muhammed and Hazrat Ruqayya Hashimi aka Syeda, Hashemite. Her husband in the first file, Otmán Ben Affan Omeya is also duplicated in the second, as Uthman ibn Affan al-Umayyah I. The two figures appear as the parents of an A'isha, Aisha Omeya, in the first, and Aisha bint Uthman al-Umayyah, in the second, married to Marwann I Omeya, in the first, and to Marwan ibn Hakam al-Umayyah I, in the second. This A'isha has not been investigated at this time (nor have Ruqayyah or Uthman), but, if the WikiTree entry for Ruqayyah ibnat Muhammad is correct, [1] she is not their daughter and should be removed, or at least, not Ruqayyah's, who supposedly had only one son with Uthman.

In the third profile for Ruqayyah, Hazrat Ruqayya Hashimi aka Syeda, Hashemite, no spouse is listed, but her parents and siblings (who need work; the boy, Ibrahim, A.s.-3, was not one of Khadija's sons, and Ruquya, Bint Muhammed-2, is one of the duplicates of Ruqayyah mentioned above), appear to be basically OK and should be carried over in any merge made.

Specifics for the Profile Mgrs If you agree with the above, you should make the changes listed below. I'm afraid in this instance, I can't do much as the choices behind the actions to be taken (choice of LNAB/CLN, choice of profiles to remain after merging, etc.) have to be agreed on by the Profile Mgrs. Nevertheless, if there are any tasks I can perform here, please let me know (Saunders-3784). Below I am including a summary of the profiles that need attention, grouped by Profile Mgr. From my standpoint, there are 5 actions to be taken, once choices have been made (a) merge the three files for the wife into one, (b) merge the two files for the husband into one, (c) remove the daughter Aisha from both (a) & (b), (d) merge the two files for the daughter Aisha into one and (e) merge the two files for her husband into one. The parents and siblings from Hashimi-2 in (a) should be carried over to the file that is left after the merge (see comments above about work that needs to be done on this group).

Lot 1

FigureWiki-idProfile
Profile MgrAtkinson-107John Atkinson
wifeBint_Muhammed-1Rukaiya ibn Affan al-Umayyah formerly bint Muhammed
husbandIbn Affan al-Umayyah-1Uthman ibn Affan al-Umayyah I
daughterBint Uthman al-Umayyah-1Aisha bint Uthman al-Umayyah
daughter's husbandIbn Hakam al-Umayyah-1Marwan ibn Hakam al-Umayyah I
othersnonenone

Lot 2

FigureWiki-idProfile
Profile MgrDay-1904Jack Day
wifeBint_Muhammed-2 Ruquya bint Muhammed
husbandOmeya-4Otmán Ben Affan Omeya
daughterOmeya-3Aisha Omeya
daughter's husbandOmeya-2Marwann I Omeya
othersnonenone

Lot 3

FigureWiki-idProfile
Profile MgrNizamani-1495Abdul-Rahim Nizamani
wifeHashimi-2Hazrat Ruqayya Hashimi aka Syeda, Hashemite
husbandnonenone
daughternonenone
daughter's husbandnonenone
otherssee entries under Hashimi-2: parents & siblings, should be carried over to the wife left after the merge

Summary by figure (wife, husband, etc)

Profile MgrAtkinson-107John AtkinsonDay-1904Jack DayNizamani-1495Abdul-Rahim Nizamani
wifeBint_Muhammed-1Rukaiya ibn Affan al-Umayyah formerly bint MuhammedBint_Muhammed-2 Ruquya bint MuhammedHashimi-2Hazrat Ruqayya Hashimi aka Syeda, Hashemite
husbandIbn Affan al-Umayyah-1Uthman ibn Affan al-Umayyah IOmeya-4Otmán Ben Affan Omeyanonenone
daughterBint Uthman al-Umayyah-1Aisha bint Uthman al-UmayyahOmeya-3Aisha Omeyanonenone
daughter's husbandIbn Hakam al-Umayyah-1Marwan ibn Hakam al-Umayyah IOmeya-2Marwann I Omeyanonenone
othersnonenonenonenonesee entries under Hashimi-2: parents & siblings, should be carried over to the wife left after the merge

Note that the Profile Mgr of (the daughter) Bint Uthman al-Umayyah-1 is Jean Maunder (wiki-id not available).

Saunders-3874 13:17, 13 August 2019 (UTC)

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Wikipedia: Ruqayyah_bint_Muhammad Accessed 8/15/2019 jhd
  2. Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, p. 314. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cited by Wikipedia: Ruqayyah_bint_Muhammad Accessed 8/15/2019 jhd
  • Numerous Sunni historical sources including Hadith literature and Seerah books.

Acknowledgements

This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011.



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Comments: 6

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Please see the Research Notes added today (13 Aug 2019) for pending items for this profile, thanks!
posted by Bonnie Saunders
Please see the Research Notes added today (13 Aug 2019) for pending items for this profile, thanks!
posted by Bonnie Saunders
Please see the Research Notes added today (13 Aug 2019) for pending items for this profile, thanks!
posted by Bonnie Saunders
Another genealogy than those below claims that Ruqayyah had a daughter, (Aisha, presumably), wed to the future Governor of Ifriqiya(703-715), Musa bin Nusayr, becoming matriarch of the Spanish ben Muza Dynasty.[1] Perhaps this is the seed of error?

Several other sources state that Aisha (Ayesha), is actually the daughter of his third wife, Ramla bint Sheibah, and not Ruqayyah. (His second wife was Ruqayyah's sister, Kalthum.)

"Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Muhammad’s daughter. Ruqayyah and Uthman had a son, Abd-Allah ibn Uthman, but he died early, because of him after Islam he was called by the surname Abu’Abdullah. When she died, Uthman was married to her sister, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, second daughter of Muhammad. Umm Kulthum bore no child... From Ramla bany Sheibah Ayesha bint Uthman." [2]

posted by Sunny (Trimbee) Clark
"By 615 Ruqayyah was married to a prominent Muslim, Uthman ibn Affan.. migration to Abyssinia, where she suffered a miscarriage... returned to Abyssinia in 616... Ruqayyah gave birth to a son, Abdullah, in 619. Abdullah died when he was six years old in Medina. She had no further children."[1]

The lineage on Wikitree makes me a descendant, yet the two children of Uthman and Ruqayyah (daughter of the prophet Muhammed), are widely recorded as both deceased by age 6, without descendants.[2].

posted by Sunny (Trimbee) Clark

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