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John Nojǫpka Blackhawk (1884)

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John Nojǫpka Blackhawk
Born [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified 30 Nov 2019 | Created 5 Oct 2019 | Last significant change: 30 Nov 2019
19:45: Richard Dieterle edited the Biography for John Nojǫpka Blackhawk (1884-). [Thank Richard for this]
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John Blackhawk was a Native American and member of the Ho-Chunk tribe.




Nojumbka is for Nojųpka (variant Nojǫpka), from no, an old form of , "tree"; jųp, "lightning"; and -ka, a definite article used in personal names. So the name, a Thunderbird Clan name, is literally, "Tree-Lightning."

In the 1911 census at Tomah, Wisconsin, he has the birth order name HaGahKah, for Hagága, "Third Born Male."


“The sons of Wanknaroskaka or James Blackhawk were Nojumbka, meaning The thunder who strikes the tree or John Blackhawk and Wakjagohoyka, (Returning with victory), Albert Blackhawk, died July 1912, at age 20. The daughters are Chimkananewinka (She who goes on the village) born 1875 married Edwin Greengrass; Ahosojwaywinka (She whose feathers are worn) born 1881, married Arthur Cas_man, and Wakanjapinwinka (The good thunder woman), born 1886, married Charles Greengrass and lives at Trempealeau, Wisconsin.” (Jipson, 241)


In the 1911 census at Tomah, Wisconsin, his brother Albert and sister Belle occur on the same census page. His age is given as 27, implying that his birth date was 1884.


"An Indian Chief's war bundle — one of the few owned by museums in the country — was recently given to the Wisconsin State Historical museum, by John Blackhawk, of Greenwood, Wisconsin, great grandson of "Winnebago Blackhawk," an Indian chief of the Mississippi River Valley tribes. Most of these bundles are kept in the possession of the family and are handed down from generation to generation. The entire bundle is wrapped first in matting and then in skin and is worth about $200. It contains several ermine, the sacred animal of that tribe, medicine, herbs of various kinds, charcoal tied in a skin bag, three war clubs, several flutes, fire-hearths and dagger sheath. The only other bundle of this kind that is in the Wisconsin Museum at the present time belongs to the same tribe but to a different clan." (Owen Enterprise)

Curriculum Vita

Barge described John as, "an intelligent and well-educated Winnebago." (Barge, 29) Not surprisingly, therefore, he has a number of academic contributions.

1898 — an informant for Barge on Hochunk (Winnebago) culture and language. (Barge, 29)

1923 — a source for Jipson (Winnebagoes of Rock River, 133)

“Words and Expressions Pertaining to War,” (Jipson, Story).

supplied the translation of names found in Kinzie's census rolls (Jipson, Story, Ch. 11)

1926 — author of "Wazunka," a Hochunk traditional story. (Blackhawk, Wazunka)


  • John Blackhawk, "Wazunka," The Wisconsin Archeologist 7, #4 (1926): 223-226.
  • Norton William Jipson, Story of the Winnebagoes (Chicago: The Chicago Historical Society, 1923). This is an unpublished typescript.
  • Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C. 1911; Roll: M595_570; Line: 3; Agency: Tomah Indian Ind'l School.
  • Dr. Norton William Jipson, "Winnebago Villages and Chieftain of the Lower Rock River Region," The Wisconsin Archeologist, 2, #3 (July, 1923): 125-139.
  • William D. Barge, Early Lee County, Being Some Chapters in the History of the Early Days in Lee County, Illinois (Chicago: Barnard & Miller, 1913).
  • Owen Enterprise, January 6, 1921.

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Categories: Ho-Chunk