Jennie Blackhawk
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Jennie Cinągᵋrarewįga Blackhawk (1875)

Jennie Cinągᵋrarewįga Blackhawk
Born [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 6 Oct 2019
This page has been accessed 97 times.
Jennie Blackhawk was a Native American and member of the Ho-Chunk tribe.

Contents

Biography

Birth

The November 1905 census records that Mrs. Greengrass is 31 years of age which implies a birth date of 1874/5.

Name

The name Chimkananewinka can be understood to be Cinągᵋrarewįga. The letter /m/ is a misreading of /na/; and the /r/ in HoChunk is often confused with /n/. Cinągᵋrarewįga is from cinągᵋra, "the village" (< cinąk, "village", and -ra, the definite article); re, "to go, she goes"; -wį-, an infix indicating feminine gender; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Jipson's "She Who Goes on[to] the Village," is a fair translation.

The 1905 census gives her name as Che Nunk Mon E Win Kah, which is for Cinągᵋmąnįwįga. This is synonymous with the name Cinągᵋrarewįga, and means, "Village Walker," or "She Walks on Village." Use of synonymous names has been attested elsewhere.

The 1920 Federal census gives her Anglo name as "Gean." The 1925 census gives her name as "Jennie," which is the name that she usually used.

Lineage

“The sons of Wanknaroskaka or James Blackhawk were Nojumbka, meaning The thunder who strikes the tree or John Blackhawk and Wakjagohoyka, (Returning with victory), Albert Blackhawk, died July 1912, at age 20. The daughters are Chimkananewinka (She who goes on the village) born 1875 married Edwin Greengrass; Ahosojwaywinka (She whose feathers are worn) born 1881, married Arthur Cas_man, and Wakanjapinwinka (The good thunder woman), born 1886, married Charles Greengrass and lives at Trempealeau, Wisconsin.” (Jipson, 241) The censuses confirm her marriage to Ed Greengrass.

Residence

1920 — Komensky, Jackson County, Wisconsin. (1920 Federal census)

Sources

  • Norton William Jipson, Story of the Winnebagoes (Chicago: The Chicago Historical Society, 1923). This is an unpublished typescript.
  • Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C. November 1905; Roll: M595_671; Line: 2.
  • Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C. 1925; Roll: M595_168; Page: 26; Line: 7; Agency: Grand Rapids.
  • Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. 1920 United States Federal Census. 1920, Komensky, Jackson, Wisconsin; Roll: T625_1990; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 55.


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Categories: Ho-Chunk