Joseph Blanchard
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Joseph Blanchard (abt. 1720 - 1759)

Joseph Blanchard
Born about in Acadiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1745 in Acadiamap
[children unknown]
Died in St. Malo, Bretagne, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 8 Aug 2009
This page has been accessed 395 times.
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Joseph Blanchard is an Acadian.
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Biography

Joseph Blanchard has French origins.

The life of Joseph Blanchard illustrates how non-combatant lives were disrupted and even lost as a result of the Seven Years War between France and England. At the start of the war, all Acadians in English-controlled Nova Scotia were rounded up and either imprisoned or deported to many distant locations. Many died during this upheaval.

Joseph Blanchard was born about 1720 in Acadie. His parents were Joseph Blanchard and Anne Dupuis.[1] Like most of the Acadians, they spent their lives caring for large families in small homes, farming, trapping, fishing and trading. Although not wealthy, they were thriving and generally doing well until a few years before war began.

Joseph grew up among his family and eventually married Marguerite Genevieve Pitre, daughter of Jean PITRE & Marguerite THÉRIOT about 1745-1746 in Acadie.[1][2]

List of Children:
  1. Francois Xavier BLANCHARD (c.1747-1771)
  2. Guillaume BLANCHARD (c.1749-)
  3. Michel BLANCHARD (c.1751-)
  4. Joseph Mathurin BLANCHARD (c.1753-)
  5. Marguerite Modeste BLANCHARD (c.1756-)

In his profile of the Blanchard family in the draft version of his update to the DGFA, Stephen White added this historical note:

With his father, three of his brothers and his brother-in-law Jean-Baptiste MOYSE, Joseph BLANCHARD was captured at Tatamaguiche by the British soldiers commanded by Abijah WILLARD and taken prisoner to Fort Beauséjour.[3]

He is on the census taken at Fort Beausejour, Nova Scotia in August 1755 at the start of the war;[1] in November of that year, he was deported to South Carolina. This is what Stephen White wrote:

While his wife and children took refuge on Île St-Jean, Joseph BLANCHARD was deported with his father and his brother from Chignectou to South Carolina aboard the brigate Two Brothers. He arrived in Charleston on 11 Nov 1755.[3][1]

The website Acadian.org, maintained by Denis Cyr and others, has this to say:

Fort Beauséjour was immediately renamed Fort Cumberland and manned by British troops, who continued to march to different parts of Beaubassin, burning villages and crops, and capturing settlers. Sloops and schooners arrived from Halifax to take away those who had been taken prisoner.
The fears of reprisal that had haunted the settlers had been realised. The expulsion of the Acadians from the lands they had occupied peacefully since the seventeenth century had begun. By the thirteenth of October, 1,100 Acadians from Beaubassin had been transported to South Carolina, Georgia and Pennsylvania. By the end of 1755 a total of 6000 Acadians had been sent into exile.
In the confusion, families were separated. The New England colonies, still at war with France, did not welcome French-speaking Catholics who were destitute and a drain on the public purse. As more Acadians arrived they were dispersed up and down the New England coast, sent to British colonies in the Caribbean, and to England. Hundreds died in shipwrecks and from epidemics contracted in filthy conditions. A proud and prosperous people had been reduced to poverty, their homes destroyed, their lands confiscated to be given to new English-speaking immigrants.[4]

With his father and his brothers, Joseph made up part of an outlawed group who had returned to Acadia under the direction of Michel Bourg.[3] In the spring of 1756, Joseph rejoined his family at Isle St. Jean.[1]

In Autumn 1758, Joseph Blanchard was deported again, this time with his wife and five children, from Isle St. Jean on one of five packet boats to France.[5]

Joseph Blanchard, his wife, Marguerite-Geneviève Pitre, and their last surviving child, François-Xavier, disembarked at St-Malo, their four other children having died during the crossing. Joseph followed his children to the grave three weeks after their arrival, on 16 February 1759.[5][1]

Research Notes

His age at death varies:

Died at the hospital of St-Malo, age 41 years (Port St-Servan Archives).
Died at the hospital of St-Malo, age 39 years (St-Malo Register)

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Karen Theriot Reader, Geneanet.org, updated: December 2020; Accessed April 2021; citing "Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiennes 1714 à 1780", Moncton, NB : Centre d’Etudes Acadiennes, draft version
    BLANCHARD #11 a & #31; Joseph BLANCHARD, born around 1718, son of Joseph (11) BLANCHARD & Anne DUPUIS.
  2. Albert J. Robichaux,Acadians in Exile in Saint Malo, 1758-1785, Part I, H-Z, Vol. 2, (Eunice, Louisiana: Hebert Publications, 1981) p. 71
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 White cites Paul Delany,The Acadians Deported from Chignectou to 'Les Carolines' in 1755: Their Origins, Identities and Subsequent Movements ("Delany") in Du Grand Dérangement à la Déportation: nouvelles perspectives historiques, edited by Ronnie-Gilles LeBlanc, 247-389. (Moncton NB: Chaire d’études acadiennes, 2005) p. 254.
  4. Denis Cyr, website Acadian.org full citation needed.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Archives of St-Servan, France, Acte de décès archives d'Ile-et-Villaine, St-Malo: S: 1759, pg. 11; viewed September 7, 2018.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Joseph:

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Comments: 3

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Hello, there are a couple of red-linked categories at the bottom of this profile. Could someone from Acadians please see that they are placed into the category structure? Thanks!

Natalie, Categorization

posted by Natalie (Durbin) Trott
Hi Natalie, we are messing around trying to use this profile to create some new categories for a sub-project we're thinking of creating for Acadian exiles. Stephanie is our categorization expert so she will create the ones we like properly. Sorry for the bother but thanks for the heads up.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Hardly an expert, but trying to help.
posted by Stephanie Ward

Rejected matches › Joseph Blanchard (1722-1804)

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Categories: Acadians Deported from Isle Saint-Jean | Great Upheaval | Acadians