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Étienne (Blois) of England (abt. 1092 - 1154)

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Étienne (Stephen I) "King of the English, Duke of Normandy" of England formerly Blois
Born about in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Westminster, London, , Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in St. Martin's Priory, Dover, Englandmap
Blois-94 created 18 Feb 2012 | Last modified | Last edit: 20 Sep 2017
16:14: Andrew Lancaster edited the Biography for Stephen I (Blois) of England. [Thank Andrew for this]
This page has been accessed 3,512 times.

Categories: Second Crusade | House of Blois | First Battle of Lincoln | The Anarchy.


Preceded by
Henry I
King of the English
22 Dec 1135 - 25 Oct 1154
Succeeded by
Henry II

Contents

Vitals

b. c.1096 d. 25 Oct 1154 Blois, Berri, France.

Parents

Stephen VI (FR: Étienne), Count of Blois-Chartres and Adela of England (p. William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders). Issue: 5 sons, 4 dau.

  1. Eléonore of Blois
  2. Count Thibaud (Theobald) II of Champagne;
  3. Henry of Blois (monk at Cluny);
  4. Henry, Bishop of Winchester;
  5. Guillaume (William) of Sully;

Marriage

m. Matilda of Boulogne circa 1125. Issue: 3 sons, 2 dau.[1]

  1. Eustace (c. 1130 – 1153) or Eustace, who succeeded his parents as Count Eustace IV of Boulogne;
  2. Matilda (Maud) (d. before 1141) m. Waleran de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Worcester;
  3. Marie (1133–1182), Countess Marie I of Boulogne, (Benedictine nun, abbess of Romsey, d.1182;
  4. Baldwin (d. before 1135);
  5. Adela (d. before 1146);
  6. William (c. 1137 – 1159), Count William I of Boulogne, Count of Mortain, and Earl of Surrey or Warenne;

Mistress and Issue

mistress. Damette. Issue:

  1. Gervase, Abbot of Westminster
  2. Ralph
  3. Americ

Other children currently linked to this profile but without documentation are:

  1. Sybilla

Death and burial

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Stephen died on 25 October 1154 at the priory of St. Martin in Dover, and was buried in the abbey church at Faversham, a Cluniac house which he had founded with his wife, Matilda, in 1148. Matilda was buried there in 1151, and their eldest son, Eustache, in 1153. The large retrochoir contained a relic of the Holy Cross presented to Stephen by Godfrey de Bouillon, and the royal tombs were probably installed beside it. There is no record of the tombs, which were most likely demolished following the surrender of the abbey in 1538. Leland makes no mention of them. Speed claims Stephen's remains were scattered following the Dissolution (of the monasteries), a claim repeated by Sanford. Later the abbey church was converted into stables and the other buildings demolished; only the gatehouse survives.

King Stephen and Faversham Abbey

Faversham Abbey, located near the town of Faversham in Kent, was founded in 1148 by King Stephen and Queen Matilda. The site was just to the north-east of the town, about where the playing fields of the Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School are now. The aim of Stephen and Matilda was to found a mausoleum for the House of Blois. They hoped the dynasty would rule over England for generations to come. In fact it began and ended with them. King Stephen, in 1154, his wife, Matilda in 1152, and son Eustace, in 1153, were all buried in the abbey church. When the abbey was excavated in 1964, their empty graves were found close to the very center of the quire. Their bones are said to have been thrown into Faversham Creek when the building was dismantled. However, in the nearby Faversham Parish Church of St. Mary of Charity is a canopy tomb with no contemporary inscription, where, it is said, their bones were re-interred. The abbey was dissolved in 1538 and subsequently most it demolished as part of Henry VIII's plans to sweep the monasteries from England. Much of the abbey building material was removed by military engineers and transported by sea to France, where it was used to strengthen the fortifications of the towns in the Pale of Calais, which at the time was England's continental bridgehead. http://www.faversham.org/history/Buildings/abbey.aspx

Timeline

c.1096: Born at Blois
1102Father dies at Battle of Ramlah in Jerusalem on crusade.
1106Arrives at court and shortly after acquires other lands in England, including honours of Eye and Lancaster; after 1120 a part of the honour of Eudo Dapifer.
before 1115: Count of Mortain
before 1125: m. Matilda, Comtesse de Boulogne dau. of Eustace III, Comte de Boulogne and Mary of Scots at Westminster.
1128Joint ruler of Boulogne.
26 Dec 1135: Crowned King of the English at Westminster Abbey. Duke of Normandy.
1139:Matilda invades. This turbulent period is known as The Anarchy.
Apr 1141 Captured at First Battle of Lincoln.
10 Apr 1141: Deposed.
Nov 1141: Exchanges Gloucester.
Nov 1141: Reinstalled. 2nd Coronation at Canterbury Cathedral.
1148Matilda leaves England.
1153 Eustace dies. Henry II declared heir at Winchester.
25 Oct 1154:Faversham Abbey, Faversham, Kent. Succeeded by Henry II: first Angevin / Plantagenet king.

Sources

  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 390
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 by Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 496
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 pages 52-53
  • Davis, Henry. Regesta Regum Anglo Normannorum, 1066–1154 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1969) Facsimiles of Original Charters and Writs of King Stephen... 1135-1154
  1. Wikipedia: Stephen, King of_England
European Aristocracy
Stephen I (Blois) of England is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe.
Join: European Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project
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No known carriers of Stephen I's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Collaboration

On 16 Sep 2017 at 01:41 GMT Kevin Sands wrote:

Please consider adding this brief biography of King Stephen to his profile.

Source: [An Historical, Genealogical and Classical dictionary.]

On 6 May 2017 at 14:52 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

Concerning illegitimates, Royal Ancestry has RA says 3s 2d + illegit William, Gervase and the wife of Hervé de Leon. Sybilla seems to represent the last?

On 6 May 2017 at 14:48 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

"Styled Re Aglorum Dux Normannorum" Problems:

This bit is Latin and the rest is English, except "jure uxoris"

Should be "Rex Anglorum"

I think normally his Duchy of Gascony was also an important title.

Dux Normannorum is being repeated in English at the end

On 6 May 2017 at 14:45 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

Is the "I" needed in his name if there is only one King Stephen. Traditionally not.

On 11 Oct 2016 at 18:11 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote:

Notables
Stephen I (Blois) of England is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables

son: Étienne de Sancerre, seigneur de Saint-Brisson, Grand Bouteiller de France.

On 2 Dec 2010 at 17:49 GMT Krissi (Hubbard) Love wrote:

King of England.



Stephen I is 26 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 22 degrees from Joseph Broussard, 30 degrees from Helmut Jungschaffer and 22 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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