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James Blood Sr. (abt. 1605 - 1683)

James Blood Sr. aka Bloud, Bludd
Born about in Nottinghamshire, Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 7 Feb 1631 (to 1 Aug 1674) in St. Peter's Church, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 9 Oct 2011
This page has been accessed 10,303 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
James Blood Sr. migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Disputed Relations

Robert Blood, previously attached here as a son of James Blood, has been removed and attached as a probable son of Richard Blood, Senior of Ruddington. See Research Notes for further explanation.

James Blood is sometimes claimed to have been a brother or other close relation of Colonel Thomas Blood, famous among other things for his nearly-successful plot to steal the English crown jewels from the Tower of London in 1671. However, as James was born in 1605 in Nottinghamshire and Thomas was born in 1618 in Ireland, this is not plausible. Despite a great amount of effort by various Blood researchers, no evidence of any connection between the Irish Bloods and the Nottinghamshire Bloods has ever been uncovered and the current opinion is that they are more likely to be independent lines.


James was born in 1605 or 1606. On 30 Mar 1660, in a petition requesting release from militia training, he stated his age as 55 years (YOB 1605).[1] On 13 Dec 1670, James Blood deposed as being about 64 years of age, in testimony given regarding Thomas Tally (YOB 1606).[2] His place of birth was located in Nottinghamshire, with Nottingham and Ruddington being the most likely candidates.

James was a cordwainer, and regardless of his place of origin he appears to have carried out his apprenticeship in that occupation in Nottingham.[3]

The first known surviving record of James identifies him as resident in St Peter's Parish, Nottingham. This document is the allegation and bond supporting the license for his marriage to Ellen Harrison, dated 7 Feb 1630 (OS date; corrects to 1631 NS).[3] The couple were married on the same day at St. Peter's Church in Nottingham.[4] [5]

James was literate, as shown by him having signed his own name on his marriage bond and allegation in what was clearly a confident, practiced hand. This provides us with some indication of the social class and means of his family of origin, as all education was private and fees could be prohibitive for a lower-class family. It appears James had attended a grammar school, or at the very least a "petty school." It is noteworthy that while the scrivener that drew up his marriage bond and allegation spelled his surname Bloud, James signed it Blood.

The couple's first child, James Jr., was baptized in St Mary's Church, Parish of St Mary, Nottingham, on 11 Mar 1631 (given their date of marriage, this is probably OS, and the NS year would be 1632).[6] [7]

James, Ellen, and James Jr. emigrated from Nottingham to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, settling in the new frontier town of Concord by 1639. [4] Here, he was allocated a 12-acre "house lot" in the main settlement as part of the first division of Concord's common lands. This would much later be the site of the "Old Manse" of the family of Ralph Waldo Emerson.[8]

The couple's second known child, Mary, was born on 12 Jul 1640 in Concord.

James' wife Ellen died on 1 Aug 1674. [9] [4] [10]

James died 17 Nov 1683 [17:9:1683]. [9] [4] His probate documents contain only a brief inventory of some personal possessions valued at £61 16s. [11]

Other Life Events

  • 1641, 2 Jun: James was made a freeman of the Colony. [4] This process took most applicants at least two years to complete, and is further evidence of his arrival in the colony by the summer of 1639 at the latest.
  • 1645, 1 May: James Blood, with others, signed a petition to the Governor, for relief of taxes due to the poor yield of crops and poor conditions in Concord, where many others had already left the town. The rate was reduced to £15, with restrictions to not remove from the frontier towns without permission of the magistrate. [12]
  • 1650, 26 Mar: James was one of the two sergeants of the Concord company of militia; he is first referred to by his military rank in the appointment below. [13]
  • 1650, 26 Mar: Appointed by the General Court to survey the 400 acre Hough grant on behalf of the family of Atherton Hough. [4] Atherton's son Samuel sold this land to John Blood later the same year.
  • 1653, 19 May: James and 28 other men of Concord and Woburn signed a petition to the General Court requesting six square miles of land on the other side of the Concord River in order to establish a new town (the future Chelmsford).[14][15]
  • 1653, 22 Aug: James Blood was a signatory to an agreement by the leading men of Concord to provide £5 per year for seven years to support Cambridge College (now Harvard University).[16]
  • 1654, 14 Mar [1654:14:1]: Chosen juryman for Concord. [17]
  • 1654, 8 Mar: “Sargn blood” in list of nine men chosen by the town of Concord to resolve a conflict about bridge and highway expenses.[12]
  • 1654: James Blood listed as the owner of land grants in the South Quarter of Concord.[12]
  • 1655: James Blood and James Blood Jr. granted 12 lots, totalling 660 acres, in Concord's North Quarter in the second division of town lands. [8]
  • James Blood and James Blood Jr. granted 500 acres of the second division. [8] [12]
  • James Blood and James Blood Jr., granted 14 acres of Elizabeth Ridley’s land. [8] [12]
  • 1656, 8 May: James Bloud served as juror. [18]
  • 1659, 3 May: James Blood of Concord was a witness in court in a case of wife beating.[19]
  • 1660, 30 Mar: James Blood, "sergeant to Major Willard," having attained the age of 55, petitioned for dispensation from militia training. [1][20](Note: under colonial law all men were liable for militia service until the age of 60, so this is not usual and might indicate some sort of health problem or injury.)
  • 1660, 2 Apr [2:2:1660]: Chelmsford chose James Blood, among others, as Commissioner to "end small causes." [21]
  • 1663, 18 Jun: one of the two jurors chosen for Concord. [22]
  • 1663, 31 Aug: James Blood was a witness in the case of Joseph Wheeler, Moses Wheat and Jno. Stow, warned for 'night walking.' [23]
  • 1663, 9 Oct: James Blood and James Blood Jr. were witnesses to an agreement of John Davis and John Blood. [24]
  • 1663, 15 Dec [1663:10:15]: Both James Blood Sr. and Jr., among others, again testified in the case of John Blood vs. John Davis. Decision for the Plaintiff. [24]
  • 1666, 26 Dec: The Concord town book's entry for this date details a total of 660 acres owned by James Blood, divided between 12 plots around the town's North Quarter. Among these is a 500-acre farm bounded on the northeast by the town's boundary and the farms of John and Robert Blood.[25]
  • 1670, 13 Dec: James deposed as being 64 years of age. [2]
  • 1684: A formal deed was drawn up, for the purpose of documenting the prior sale of the lands consisting of about 8000 acres making up the town of Concord, from the Indian tribes to the land owners, including much of James Blood’s lands.[8]


James and Ellen had two known children:

  1. Mary born at Concord on July 12, 1640 [12:5{1640]; died on October 30, 1710; married Lieutenant Simon Davis on December 12, 1660. [9] [8]
  2. James Jr., married on October 26, 1657, Hannah, a daughter of Oliver Purchis of Lynn [9], and lived at what has since been known as the Old Manse, owning a tract of territory thereabouts; he died November 26, 1692; his first wife Hannah died in 1677[8]; married second, Isabel (Farmer) Wyman, widow of David Wyman and daughter of John Farmer, on November 19, 1679. [26] [27]

Concord Births

BLOUD, Mary, d. James, 12: 5m: 1640. (p. 1)

Concord Deaths:

BLOOD: James dyed: 17:9:1683. (p. 26)
BLOOD, Elen , w. James, Sr., Aug. 1, 1674. (p. 18) [9] [28]

Research Notes

Paternity: Despite its persistence, the idea that James Blood could be the father of Richard, Robert, or John Blood fails on a number of points:

  • James was at most 12 years old when Richard Blood was born.
  • Robert was born in either 1625 or 1626, either four or five years prior to James' marriage to Ellen/Helen/Eleanor in 1631. Given that the average age of first marriage for men in early 17th century England was about 27, this was almost certainly James' first marriage.
  • Robert's brother John was probably born a few years earlier than Robert, so if James is their father, we have to accept that he fathered not just one, but two illegitimate children in very Puritan Nottingham. This is highly unlikely.
  • The parish christening records for the three early 17th century Nottingham parishes (St Peter's, St Nicholas', St Mary's) are complete for the period covering the births of Richard, John and Robert (i.e., the 1610s and 1620s), yet there is no record of any of them. By contrast, James, Jr.'s christening in St Mary's Church is recorded, with James, Sr. listed as his father.
  • The tradition among the Ruddington and Nottingham Bloods was to name the first son after the father. Therefore, James' son James, Jr., born in 1632 (within a year of his marriage), is far more likely to have been James' first son than Richard, Robert, or John.
  • When James emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639, he settled almost immediately in the new town of Concord with his wife and proven son James, and lived there for the rest of his life. By contrast, Robert and brother John (still children in 1639) settled in Lynn where probable older brother Richard lived -- a curious state of affairs if Robert and John were also the minor sons of James, Sr.

Place of Birth: It is virtually certain that James was born in Nottinghamshire, but the exact location is undetermined. He first appears in Nottingham records in 1631, already resident in St Peter's Parish. Given his profession he probably apprenticed in Nottingham even though he may have originated elsewhere. There was known to be circulation between the Bloods of Nottingham and the Bloods of nearby Ruddington, so his place of origin is likely one or the other of these. His inferred association with some of the Ruddington Bloods once in New England points towards that village, but this is conjecture. Blood-1690 09:44, 23 February 2021 (UTC)Garry Michael Blood


  1. 1.0 1.1 Middlesex County, Massachusetts: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674, Vol. 1: p. 117 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 2: p. 110 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marriage Allegation and Bond of James Bloud and Ellen Harrison (digital image of original document), University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections, Doc. Ref. AN/MB 37/109, University of Nottingham King's Meadow Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Harris, Roger Deane. The Story of the Bloods, including an Account of the Early Generations of the Family in America in Genealogical Lines from Robert Blood of Concord and Richard Blood of Groton. Boston: Priv. Print., G.K. Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, 1960 p. 82
  5. Phillimore, W.P.W. and Ward, James. Nottingham Parish Registers, Marriages, Phillimore's Parish Register Series, Vol. XXV (Nottm., Vol. III), Phillimore & Co., London, United Kingdom: 1901, p. 26. The Internet Archive,
  6. "England & Wales Christening Records, 1530-1906," database, ( : accessed 11 Apr 2021), entry: James Bludd, 11 Mar 1631, father James Bludd. Data derived from British Isles Vital Records Index, 2nd Edition, Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States: 2002.
  7. "England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, ( : accessed 11 Apr 2021), entry: James, Male, 11 Mar 1631, St Mary, Nottingham, Nottingham[shire], England, father James Bludd, FHL Film No. 503797, Reference ID 2:1201SR6.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Hudson, Alfred Sereno. The History of Concord, Massachusetts: Vol. 1, Erudite Press Concord, Massachusetts, 1904 pp. 286-287, 491-493
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Tolman, George compiler. Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635-1850, Printed by the Town, T. Todd Printer, Beacon Press, Boston, Massachusetts, 1891
  10. Metcalf, Henry Harrison & John Norris McClintock, The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to History, Biography, Literature, and State Progress, Volume 10: No. 3, H. H. Metcalf, Publisher, New Hampshire, March 1887, p. 82
  11. Case 2018: p. 1-3: Middlesex County, MA: Probate File Papers, 1648-1871.Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2014. (From records supplied by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Archives. Digitized mages provided by
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Walcott, Charles H. Concord in the Colonial Period: Being a History of the Town of Concord, Massachusetts, from the Earliest Settlement to the Overthrow of the Andros Government, 1635-1689, Estes and Lauriat, Boston, Massachusetts, 1884 p. 38-40: 70
  13. Lilley, Eaton. The Genealogical History of the Town of Reading, Massachusetts, 1639 to 1874, A. Mudge & Son Printers, Boston, Massachusetts, United States: 1874, p. 9.
  14. Drake, Samuel Adams. The History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Vol. I; Estes and Lauriat Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts, United States: 1880, pp.368-369. Internet Archive at
  15. Allen, Wilkes. The History of Chelmsford; P.N. Green Publisher, Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States: 1820, p.163. Internet Archive at
  16. Willard, Joseph and Walker, Charles Wilkes with Pope, Charles Henry (ed.). Willard Genealogy: Sequel to the Willard Memorial; Murrat and Emery Co. Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts, United States: 1915, pp.vii-viii. Internet Archive at
  17. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p. 45 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  18. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p. 49 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  19. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p. 72 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  20. Middlesex County Court Folio Collection, Entry 1660-26-4, Massachusetts State Archives, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  21. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p. 116 Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Files, 1649–1675. (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  22. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p. 162 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  23. Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vo. 2: p.5 Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Files, 1649–1675. (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  24. 24.0 24.1 Middlesex County, MA: Abstracts of Court Records, 1643-1674 Vol. 1: p.172 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003), (Unpublished abstracts by Thomas Bellows Wyman, "Abstract of Middlesex court files from 1649," n.d.)
  25. Pulsifer, David (transcribed and edited). Records of the Town of Concord: Ancient Records of Concord, Vol. 1, 1655-1784, Massachusetts State Archives, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, pp.178-179.
  26. Wyman, T. B. jr., compiler. The Wyman Family in: New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 3, NEHGS, Boston, Massachusetts, 1849 p.33
  27. Genealogist John Farmer Discovers His Ancestry: The Warwickshire Family of Edward 1 Farmer, Isabel 1 (Farmer) (Wyman) (Blood) Green, and Thomas 1 Pollard, of Billerica, Massachusetts in: New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 161 , NEHGS, Boston, Massachusetts, 2007 p. 216-18 (Online database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2013.)
  28. Entered by Chris Hoyt, Dec 27, 2011
  • Chandler, Charles H. The History of New Ipswich, New Hampshire, 1735-1914 (Sentinel Print. Co., New Ipswich, N.H., 1914); page 242
  • S-204 Title: Nottinghamshire, England, Extracted Parish Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2001. Original data: Electronic databases created from various publications of parish and probate records.
  • Shattuck, Lemuel: "History of Concord, Mass"; Appendix III; Notices of Early Settlers and Distinguished Men; page 364 (Blood); published by Russell, Odiorne and Company, Boston, 1835


  • WikiTree profile Blood-145 created through the import of Putnam2-1_2010-01-02_2011-02-16_2011-10-11.ged on Oct 12, 2011 by John Putnam. See the Changes page for the details of edits by John and others.
  • WikiTree profile created through the import of Thomas Sheffield Descendants.ged on Dec 21, 2011 by Michael Sheffield & Erin Proctor.
  • Thank you to A. David Stubbs, Rich Davis.
  • Thank you to Kathleen Callanan for creating WikiTree profile Bloud-1 through the import of Hayward-Update2013.ged on Dec 27, 2013
  • Blood-360 was created by George Snow through the import of AsaDavis.ged on Apr 29, 2014.

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Comments: 19

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Blood-360 and Blood-141 appear to represent the same person because: Blood-360 was an orphan profile. It is clearly intended to represent Blood-141 but with very, very bad information (e.g., note name of spouse). I recommend merging just to kill 360, but rejecting all its data.
posted by Garry Blood
Anyone know a source for Ruddington as place of birth for James? Every record concerning his life in England places him in Nottingham.
posted by Garry Blood
I have now obtained a high-resolution digital image of the original marriage bond and allegation for James and Ellen from the University of Nottingham. I've posted my transcription of it at both their profiles. A few things we can glean from it:

Both James Blood and Edward Harrison signed their own names in steady, practiced hands. This indicates both could write with confidence, and probably read as well. Harrison is identified as a yeoman, and most yeomen were educated to at least this level. While James' social class isn't clear, he must have come from a family well-off enough to dedicate the time and money to educate him to at least a basic level, indicating it is unlikely his father was "working class" in today's terms. I suspect his family was from the nascent urban middle class of the period.

While the archdeaconry officer who drew up the allegation and bond spelt James' surname 'Bloud,' James signed it 'Blood.' Therefore we can confirm that, at least in this case, this was his preferred spelling. It is noteworthy that the other Bloods of Nottinghamshire capable of signing their names also exclusively used the spelling 'Blood.'

posted by Garry Blood
edited by Garry Blood
If there is no source for his father being Thomas Blood, why has Thomas' wife Elizabeth Emma Holcroft been added as James mother?
posted by Chris Hoyt
Chris she was added as part of a merge I took care of. I listed her as uncertain rather than disconnect leaving it to others to decide what to do with her.
posted by Michael Sheffield
Thanks. Since 2016 no one has come up with a source for Thomas as his father, so I will remove the newly attached mother.
posted by Chris Hoyt
Following on Richardson's research (TAG 70:144) we would have Richard Blood as the "quite likely" father of Robert, John, Richard and James. Both Bloods are of Ruddington. Are James and Richard meant to be brothers or related in some manner?
posted by T Stanton
Following up in this.... does Richardson's theory rise to the criteria required by Wikitree's Uncertain policy?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Richardson indicated a following article was forthcoming, however I have never seen any followup. Most of what he said seems to come from : Harris, Roger Deane. The Story of the Bloods,

In that text, it says James had only one son James Jr.

who seems to be "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975", database, FamilySearch ( : 19 September 2020), James Bludd, 1631. and should likely also be PGM

but is James Sr. married in 1630/1 and migrated by 1639, they may have other children born in between

posted by Chris Hoyt
Can I direct everyone over to the g2g which has some additional information this morning (but it needs the citations):
posted by T Stanton
A free space profile has been created where Garry Blood can locate his research and add the images he believes relevant in establishing what documents pertain to the same man. The free-space page is located:
posted by T Stanton
Reference for James Blood PGM (my 12 GGF):

Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Directory: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1640, A Concise Compendium. Boston, MA: NEHGS, 2015. Page 34. Blood, James: Unknown; 1640; Concord [CoVR1l NBCR 1:379; Farr Anc 30-31; NEHGR 161:217-18].

posted by Carol Baldwin PhD, RN
This recent change "James was born 31 January 1600<ref>Addenda to gen. rec. of des. of Richard Blood-Baptist Hicks and allied fams. by Grace Cabot Blood Toler. Mounds, Il, 1912. (14, 31p.): 7</ref>. I was curious about the citation. Mounds II? Turns out it's Mounds, Illinois. Anyway googling I discovered it was in the AGBI Index in exactly the format above, but it just said birth 1600. So looked for the original. p. 7 Addenda etc. says nothing about a birth date for James. Neither does p. 17 of original Tobler work say anything about James' birth. I am changing the birth back. to c. 1605
posted by Anne B
Removed unsourced father, Thomas Blood. No evidence shown.
posted by Chris Hoyt

Rejected matches › Herbert James Blood

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Categories: Puritan Great Migration