His Hocąk name was Hocą́gᵋxétega, "Big Winnebago", from Hocąk, "Winnebago"; xéte, "large, big, old"; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Lurie says (97), "According to Mountain Wolf Woman, this curious name was bestowed by his maternal grandmother, an unusual but not unheard of variation on the traditional pattern of naming children after the paternal clan. The grandmother was one of the last representatives of a family line which claimed to be of pure Winnebago descent. Although her own children and grandchildren were of mixed descent, she wished to commemorate the fact of her ancestry in the name of at least one grandson."
Ca. 1897, Sam's paternal grandfather selected a woman to be Sam's first wife. Since she was not a virgin, she was ultimately rejected, and the marriage was annulled. (CT 127-129)
Sam was next married to Ida. (1905 census) While he was living with Ida, he took another wife, Emma Sine. He did not take these marriages seriously. At some point, Ida left him, but before she left, she ritually poisoned him, but Sam was able to use a curative rite to counteract her magic. "From that time on I began to live with as many women as I could, for I had developed the idea that I was a lady-killer." (CT 133) "I never married any woman permanently. I would live with one for awhile, and then with another." (CT 148)
After his conversion to Christianity, his marriage with Emma stabilized. He had the following children with her:
The 1940 census lists Henry Whitebear as a nephew living with them and a cousin of Sam's, Arthur Lightning.
1940 — Sam, Emma, Stella and two relatives were living in Brooklyn, New York. However, he gave his residence as Black River Falls, Wisconsin. (1940 census)
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Sam is 28 degrees from Sitting Bull Lakota, 20 degrees from Joseph Brant, 11 degrees from Hąboguwįga De Carrie, 24 degrees from Sequoyah Gist, 28 degrees from Wilma Mankiller, 31 degrees from Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt Nez Perce, 20 degrees from Gertrude Bonnin, 32 degrees from SiʔAɬ Suquamish, 25 degrees from Houston Teehee, 17 degrees from Jim Thorpe and 37 degrees from I. Caruso on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.