Stella (Blowsnake) Stacy
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Stella Mountain Wolf Woman (Blowsnake) Stacy (1884 - 1960)

Stella Mountain Wolf Woman "Sígaxų́nųga, Aksígaxų́nųga, Xehacíwįga" Stacy formerly Blowsnake aka Whitepine
Born in East Fork Black River, Jackson, Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married about 1903 (to before 5 Apr 1907) in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Wife of — married 5 Apr 1907 (to 25 May 1936) in Jackson, Wisconsin, United Statesmap
[children unknown]
Died in Black River Falls, Jackson, Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Oct 2020
This page has been accessed 140 times.
Stella was Ho-Chunk.
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Contents

Biography

Birth

Mountain Wolf Woman ("Stella") was the daughter of Charles Blowsnake and Lucy Goodvillage. She was born in April 1884 where her grandparents were camping on the East Fork Black River, at least 13 miles from Black River Falls. (Lurie 1) Lurie says (111 nt 1), "Mountian Wolf Woman knows that she was born in April 1884, but the exact day is unknown."

Names

The name by which is she best known, "Mountain Wolf Woman" (Xehacíwįga, vars. Xeacíwįga, Xeyacíwįga), and which was her preferred name, was not given to her by her family. Once, around 1890, she became deathly ill, and a very old Wolf Clan woman, by the name of "Wolf Woman" (Šukcągᵋwiga), used her powers to save her life. So she was given for a brief time to this woman.

[The old woman said,] “I will give my name to my own child. The
name that I am going to give her is a holy name. She will reach an
old age.” There they named me with a Wolf Clan name; Xehacíwiŋga
they called me, — It means to make a home in a bluff or a mountain,
as the wolf does, but in English I just say my name is Mountain Wolf
Woman. (Lurie 6-7)

The name derives from xe, "hill, mountain"; hací, "to live, dwell on, by, or at"; -wį-, a feminine gender infix; -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names.

Her birth order name was Aksígaxų́nųga, "Fifth Daughter", whom they called Sigáxų́nųga for short. (Lurie 6)

Marriages

She was the wife of James Whitepine (b. 1881), son of Jim Whitepine (b. 1855) and his wife Pet (b. 1857). (1905 census) They probably married around 1903.

On 5 April 1907, she married Badsoldier Stacy (b. 1882). (1910 census, Vital Rec. Index) He later adopted the Anglo name "Henry". (1933 census)

Children

With James Whitepine she had the following children (1913 census):

Name Birth
Lena 1904
Josephine 1906

She had the following children with Badsoldier Stacy:

Name Birth Place Source
Philip 1907 Nebraska
Theodore January 1909 1910
Marie 17 September 1911 Nebraska
Mitchell Scotch 11 December 1912 Nebraska
John C. 14 June 1913
Rebecca 16 April 1915 Nebraska 1940
Viola 26 March 1920
Stella Marie 3 January 1923
Dolly 1925 1940
Martin 26 July 1926
Eva 10 December 1928 1933

Philip and John C. Stacy both died in infancy. Theodore was mentioned in the 1910 Indian census, but not in the Federal census, and probably died in 1910. The 1940 census notes that Rebecca was born in Flambeau, Nebraska. That census includes a daughter Dolly not mentioned in other censuses. In 1940 they also had their 5 year old niece Maureen Stacy living with them.

Death

She died at Black River Falls, Jackson County, Wisconsin on 9 November 1960. (Wisc. Death Index, Lurie 107) She is buried at Blackdeer Homestead Cemetery, Black River Falls, Jackson County, Wisconsin. (Find a Grave)

Sources

  • Nancy O. Lurie (ed.), Mountain Wolf Woman, Sister of Crashing Thunder: The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961).
  • 1905 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 4. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Federal Census for Merry, Thurston, Nebraska; Roll: T624_857; Page: 13A; Enumeration District: 0205; FHL microfilm: 1374870. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 6; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1913 Indian census; Roll: M595_570; Line: 16; Agency: Tomah Ind School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 Indian census; Roll: M595_570; Line: 12; Agency: Tomah Ind School. :Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1920 Federal Census for Merriman, Cherry, Nebraska; Roll: T625_981; Page: 13A; Enumeration District: 0058: Cody Precinct including Cody Village, Eli Precinct, Merriman Precinct including Merriman Village. Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. Note: Enumeration Districts 819-839 are on roll 323 (Chicago City).
  • 1925 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 52; Line: 1; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Indian census; Roll: M595_571; Page: 82; Line: 1; Agency: Tomah Indian School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1937 Indian census; Roll: M595_573; Page: 88; Line: 1; Agency: Tomah Indian School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1940 Federal Census for Komensky, Jackson, Wisconsin; Roll: m-t0627-04484; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 27-20: KOMENSKY TOWN. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls.
  • Wisconsin Vital Record Index, pre-1907. Madison, WI, USA: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services Vital Records Division Wisconsin Historical Society. Pre-1907 Vital Records Collection. Madison, WI, USA: Wisconsin Historical Society Library Archives. Vol. 2, p. 419.
  • Wisconsin Death Index, 1959-67, 1969-97. Wisconsin Vital Records Office. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: Wisconsin Department of Health. DC 032318.
  • Find a Grave, database and images (accessed 04 November 2020), memorial page for Xehachiwinga Blowsnake Mountain wolf woman (1 Apr 1884–9 Nov 1960), Find a Grave Memorial no. 197292142, citing Blackdeer Homestead Cemetery, Black River Falls, Jackson County, Wisconsin, USA ; Maintained by The missing link (contributor 49552457) .


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