Everardus Bogardus

Evert Willemsz Bogardus (1607 - 1647)

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Domine Evert Willemsz (Everardus) "Everart" Bogardus aka Bogaert, Boghardus
Born in Woerden, Holland (Utrecht, Nederland)map
Son of [uncertain] and [uncertain]
Husband of — married (to ) in New Amsterdammap
Descendants descendants
Died in Bristol Channel, at Sea (near Swansea, Wales)map
Profile last modified | Created 13 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 5,826 times.

Categories: Famous People of the 17th Century | Leiden University | Dutch Reformed Church | Dutch Reformed Ministers | Dutch West India Company | Fort Amsterdam, New York, New York | Soutberg (Salt-mountain), sailed Jul 1632 | Prinses Amelia (Princess Amelia), sailed Aug 1647 | New Netherland Settlers | New Netherland Project-Managed.

The Prince's Flag.
Everardus Bogardus was a New Netherland settler.
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Contents

Biography

Everardus was the second domine, (dominee in Dutch) or minister, of the Dutch Reformed Church of New Amsterdam in New Netherland.

"Everardus Bogardus, domine, the first established clergyman in this city, arrived here in 1633. A church, constructed of wood, was erected for him on the present north side of Pearl street, between Whitehall and Broad streets. This edifice being exposed to an assault, should the Indians (sic) surprise the community while at their devotions, was abandoned in the time of the Indian War of 1642, at which time a church was erected within the walls of the fort, where Domine Bogardus afterwards officiated." [1]

Everardus went to New Amsterdam (now New York) to preach the gospel among the first settlers and the Native Americans. He was one of the founders of Christianity in America.

Origins

Everardus was from Woerden, which is currently located in Utrecht, in the Netherlands. His parents are believed to have been Willem Cornelisz Bogaert and Niesgen Pietersdr. [2][3]
Woerden, Hollandia c. 1570
"Everts vader, die vermoedelijk Willem Cornelisz Bogaert heette, moet al kort na de geboorte van zijn zoon overleden zijn. Zijn moeder hertrouwde vervolgens met een ons verder onbekende Muysevoet. De Muysevoets waren gereformeerden die omwille van hun geeloof uit het Vlaamse Eeklo waren gevlucht en dat deldt waarschijnlijk evenzo voor de Bogaerts. Migranten trouwden in de eerste generatie gewoonlijk onder elkaar." [4]
Translation: "Evert's father, allegedly named Willem Cornelisz Bogaert, must have died shortly after his son's birth. His mother then married with a further unknown Muysevoet. The Muysevoets were refugees who had fled from the Flemish town Eeklo because of their faith, and that is probably the same for the Bogaerts. Migrants usually married one another in the first generation."
For more information, see the Everardus Bogardus Research page.

Woerden Orphanage

From the earliest period of the orphanage in Woerden, there's a pamphlet called Waerachtige en zekere geschiedenis (1623). The gifted Evert was struck deaf and dumb twice, in 1622 and in 1623, as he had visions when he refrained from food and drink. In his rapture Evert called the world to repentance. Master Zas, the rector, compiled the story from the boy's notes. [5]
Waerachtige en zekere geschiedenis pamphlet (1623)
Evert Willemsz, 15 years of age

Leiden University

On 17 Jul 1627, Evert registered as a studen at the University of Leiden. [6]
The minutes of the Woerden's Vroedschap stated:
"Voorgestelt sijnde inde vergaderinghe bij Gerrit Gijsbrechtse Vergeer vanwegen Evert Willemsz. wonende int weeshuys dat derselven Evert na eenighe jaeren bij den Rector deser Stede te school hadde gegaen, ende hij soo verre is gecomen dat hij nyet meer in sijne studie bij den selven rector can proffyteren. Ende nadien eenighe van sijne vrienden hem presenteerden ende te vreden waren hem een half jaer te versorgen van sijne montcost soo versocht hij dat de heere vroetschappen hem geliefden te consenteren om hem te mogen begeven naer de stad Leyden om aldaer in de Latijnsche scholen sijne begonnen studie met meerdere vrucht te vorderen. Is tselvighe voorgestelde bij de vroetschap goedtgevonden, ende mitsdien geconsenteert dat de voorsz Evert Willems hem voor den tyt van een half jaer sal mogen metterwoon begeven tot Leyen omme sijne studie te bevorderen." [7]

Arrival

Everardus arrived on the Soutberg (Salt Mountain), [8] which sailed from Texel 27 July 1632 and arrived in New Amsterdam before 16 April 1633. Also arriving on the Soutberg was the newly appointed Director-General Wouter van Twiller. [9]

Family

"The vast majority of people bearing the name of Bogardus are descended from the Rev. Everardus Bogardus..." [10]
Everardus was married to Anneke Jans in March of 1638 in New Amsterdam. [11] Some sources give a marriage license date of 21 Jun 1642 for Everardus and Anneke but that is actually the date of the settlement of the estate of Roeloff Janssoon, Anneke's former husband. [12]
"...Annitjen Jans, formerly widow of the late Rouloff Jansen from Masterland, and at present wife of Everardus Bogardus, minister here, with the Hon. Willem Kieft, director general of New Netherland, and Johannes La Montangne, her chosen guardians herein, who declared that in the month of March A°. 1638, before she, Annitjen Jans, had entered into the marriage state with her present above named husband, she had agreed with the guardians of the surviving legitimate children which the aforesaid Rouloff Jansen had in his lifetime procreated by her respecting their share of their deceased father's estate, which aforesaid contract was drawn up and written by the late Secretary Hudden, and is at present not to be found in the old books, papers or registers." 21 Jun 1642, Fort Amsterdam, New Netherland [13]
Everardus and Anneke were also described as husband and wife on 12 Aug 1638 when Everardus gave Wouter van Twiller power of attorney in order to collect the monies owed to the children of Roeloff. [14]
Everardus and Anneke had four children; Willem, who was most likely born before records began in New Amsterdam, and three who were baptized in the Dutch Reformed Church of New Amsterdam.
  1. 1640 Sep 09 Cornelis - Do. Everardus Bogardus. Witnesses: Corn. Vander Oijkens Fiscael, Mr. Ludolf, Thijme Jans, Catharina Trasele, Trijntje Jonas.[15]
  2. 1643 Jan 04 Jonas - D. Everardus Bogardus. Witnesses: olof Stephenszen Van Courtlt., Mr. Gijsbert opten dijck, Trijntje Jonas, Sara Roelofs. [16]
  3. 1645 Apr 02 Pieter - D. Everardus Bogardus. Witnesses: Jochem Pieterszen, Mr. Hans Kierstede, Marritie Thijmens, Sara Roelofs. [17]
These children were all mentioned in the 1663 will of Anneke, [18] though Cornelis died not too long after it was written, [19] and whose death was the catalyst for the on-going debate about the land that the Trinity Church occupies. See more on Anneke's page.

Domine Bogardus

Everardus was the second domine of the Dutch Reformed Church in New Amsterdam from 1633 to 1647. [20] Jonas Michaëlius was the domine prior to Everardus. [21]
"Bogardus routinely married African men and women and baptized their children. He also served as godparent for an African infant. In 1636, he pleaded with the West India Company to provide a schoolmaster "to teach and train the youth of both Dutch and blacks in the knowledge of Jesus Christ." [22] He threw open the church to Africans. He justified his policies to company headquarters in Amsterdam with the argument that "good hopes exist for the conversion of the Negroes.” His elders and deacons supported their pastor, writing that “the negroes living among the colonists come nearer" to the right knowledge of God than the Indians." [23]

Death

Due to his ongoing disdain for the leadership in New Netherland, Everardus had resigned as the domine of New Amsterdam and was setting out to make a return trip to Amsterdam to defend himself and give testimony against Willem Kieft. [24]
"It was at the wedding of Adam Brouwer and Magdalena Verdon ... that the Dominie made public criticisms concerning the Governor's Indian policies. The quarrel grew. Kieft accused the Minister of living too convivial a life, and in turn was accused of incompetency. It was decided to place all charges before the West India Company in Amsterdam, and the Governor and a few of his supporters, and the Minister with his witnesses, sailed on the "Princess" for Holland. Off the coast of Wales the ship went down and the two principals in the quarrel were drowned." [25]
Everardus died on 27 September 1647 when the captain of the Prinses Amelia mistook the Bristol Channel for the English Channel and ran aground at Mumbles Point, Wales, near Swansea, when the ship broke apart. [26]
Signature of Everhard Boghardus

Sources

  1. New York (State): Vol. 1, Page 216
  2. Frijhoff, "Woerdens wonderkind..."
  3. Bogardus, Dear cousin...: Page 144
  4. Frijhoff, "Woerdens wonderkind..."
  5. Vis, Het Weeshuis Van Woerden...
  6. Du Rieu, Album Studiosorum..., Page 202
  7. Gravendaal, "Een wonder te Woerden?"
  8. NY Genealogical: Vol. 56, Page 207
  9. Herzberg, "Soutberg"
  10. Cutter: Vol. 2, Page 513
  11. NY Genealogical: Vol. 56, Page 207
  12. Register: Vol. 2 (Book), Document 20b, Page 42-44
  13. Register: Vol. 2 (Book), Document 20b, Page 42-43
  14. Register: Vol. 1 (Book), Document 33, Page 47-48
  15. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 11
  16. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 14
  17. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 19
  18. ERA: 1865, Vol. 3, Page 204-206
  19. Bogardus, Chart 1
  20. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Introduction page
  21. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Introduction page
  22. Christoph, "The Freedmen..."
  23. Carnes, "Harlem and the Dutch debate..."
  24. New York (State): Vol. 1, Page 217
  25. Buchanan, Our Kith and Kin
  26. Wikipedia contributors, "Princess Amelia..."
  • Bogardus, William B. Dear "cousin": A Charted Genealogy of the Descendants of Anneke Jans Bogardus (1605-1663) to the 5th Generation, and of Her Sister, Marritje Jans. Wilmington, OH: Anneke Jans and Everardus Bogardus Descendants Association, 1996. Print.
  • Du, Rieu W. N. Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae Mdlxxv-Mdccclxxv: Accedunt Nomina Curatorum Et Professorum Per Eadem Secula. Hagae: Comitum apud Martinum Nijhoff, 1875. Print. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100206981

See also:

  • Frijhoff, Willem. Wegen Van Evert Willemsz: Een Hollands Weeskind Op Zoek Naar Zichzelf : 1607-1647. Nijmegen: SUN, 1995. Print.
  • Frijhoff, Willem. Fulfilling God's Mission: The Two Worlds of Dominie Everardus Bogardus : 1607-1647. Leiden [u.a.: Brill, 2007. Print.
  • Lindmark, Av Ingemar. "Annika och Rolf från Marstrand. Våra första nybyggare i Nordamerika?" redviking.se. Accessed 28 Aug 2017. http://redviking.se/wp2/?page_id=265 Citing: Icons 2006: 2, Page 40
  • Hoffman, M. E., William J. "An Armory of American Families of Dutch Descent: Bogardus." In The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York, N.Y.: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1934. Vol. 65, Page 349-350.


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Images: 10
Leiden University
Leiden University

Everardus Bogardus
Everardus Bogardus

Reformed Church Crest (America)
Reformed Church Crest (America)

Signature of Everardus Bogardus
Signature of Everardus Bogardus

Hollandia: Woerden
Hollandia: Woerden

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Questions

Collaboration

On 4 Nov 2018 at 20:33 GMT Tanya Lowry wrote:

Another Source, I found that is great!

The whole book is interesting! https://archive.org/details/scandinavianimmi02evje/page/n139

On 11 Dec 2017 at 19:31 GMT Bea (Timmerman) Wijma wrote:

woohoo sometimes it's like magic :d thanks Carrie !

On 3 Jun 2015 at 17:40 GMT Steven Mix wrote:

Bogardus-146 and Bogardus-5 appear to represent the same person because: This stray match needs to be merged into the NNS PPP. No tree conflicts, because no tree. This match identifes the death as aboard ship Princess, coast of Wales. Thanks!

On 3 Jun 2015 at 17:08 GMT Steven Mix wrote:

Bogardus-178 and Bogardus-5 appear to represent the same person because: This recently imported stray needs to be merged into the NNS PPP. No tree conflcits. Thanks!

On 3 Jun 2015 at 17:06 GMT Steven Mix wrote:

Bogardus-192 and Bogardus-5 appear to represent the same person because: This newly imported stray needs to be merged into the NNS PPP. No tree conflicts. I guess the first name spelling threw off the match. Thanks!

On 20 Apr 2014 at 07:24 GMT Philip van der Walt wrote:

Great profile & biography!

On 28 Dec 2013 at 10:17 GMT Nae (Lockhart) X wrote:

1770 31 May; Everardus Bogardus; Arreantie Houghtaling

1642 21 Jun; Everardus Bogardus; Anna Jansen http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rbillard/ny_marriage_licenses.htm in a related site listed on the one Liz found.

On 27 Dec 2013 at 23:11 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

just found the date the marriage license was isssued - June 21, 1642 (at http://longislandgenealogy.com/NYSMarrLic/NYmarlicense.htm )

1642 21 Jun; Everardus Bogardus; Anna Jansen



Everardus is 13 degrees from Caryl Ruckert, 14 degrees from Harriet Stowe and 14 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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