Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun KG

Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun KG (1342 - 1373)

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Humphrey "7th Earl of Hereford" de Bohun KG formerly Bohun
Born in Hereford, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Walden Abbey, Essex, Englandmap
Profile last modified 11 Sep 2019 | Created 19 Oct 2010
This page has been accessed 3,969 times.
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Humphrey Bohun is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun KG was a member of aristocracy in England.
The House of Bohun crest.
Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun KG is a member of the House of Bohun.

Humphrey de Bohun, K.G. (25 March 1341/2–16 January 1372/3)[1][2]

Humphrey, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, known as Humphrey X, was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, and grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward I.[3]
He became heir to the Earldom of Hereford after the death of his childless uncle Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford.
He married Joan, daughter of Richard de Arundel, Knt., 10th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey, and his 2nd wife Eleanor of Lancaster.[2] (Humphrey's sister Elizabeth married Joan's brother Richard, 11th/4th Earl.[4]) A papal dispensation for the marriage, required because they were related in the 4th degree, was dated 9 September 1359, and the license for the marriage was dated 17 October 1359.[2]
Their children were
In 1360 he succeeded his father as Earl of Northampton.[7] On 15 October 1361 he succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Essex and Constable of England.[2][3]
In November 1363 he headed an escort of King Peter I of Cyprus from Dover to London. In 1367 he crusaded with King Peter in the Levant. He was back in London by May 1368.[8]
He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1365.[3] He was appointed chief Ambassador to Milan in 1366.[2] He undertook diplomatic missions in 1366 and 1367, and headed an Embassy to the Duke of Brittany in 1371.[3]
In 1369 "he had command in the expedition against France"[2] with John of Gaunt.[9]
Humphrey died on 16 January 1372/3 and was buried at Walden Abbey, Essex.[2][3] His daughters Eleanor and Mary were coheirs of his vast estates.[3]
Humphrey's will, dated 12 December 1372, was proved 15 May 1373.[2][10] His widow, Joan, died in 1419.[2]

Research Notes

There is no mention of a daughter of Humphrey de Bohun and Joan Fitzalan called Elizabeth in the works of Douglas Richardson, nor in Medieval Lands, nor in T Anna Leese's Blood Royal.[11] The Wikipedia article on her father lists a daughter Elizabeth who died young.[6] Some family trees on the internet include Elizabeth without giving sources.[12] It would be good to find more evidence for her existence. - Michael Cayley, 24 March 2019

Contrary to what is said on Wikipedia[6], Humphrey appears not to have participated in the sack of Alexandria in Egypt in 1365: it was only in 1367 that he joined Peter I of Cyprus's crusading forces.[8]

Some websites wrongly suggest that, as he had no son, Humphrey's estates should have passed to his cousin Gilbert de Bohun, and that it was royal intervention which led to them passing between his daughters.[13] This shows a lack of understanding of the laws of feudal inheritance, under which his daughters were entitled to share the estates.

The Walden Cartulary gives a different date of death of 16 Feb 1372.[14]


  1. Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), volume I pages 426-427 BOHUN 11.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: the author, 2011), Volume I, pp. 245-247, BOHUN 7.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 G E Cokayne. Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. VI, St Catherine Press 1926, pp. 473-474, HEREFORD 7.
  4. Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, I:245 BOHUN 6.ii.
  5. Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, II:544 LANCASTER 9.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wikipedia: Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford.
  7. Charles Cawley. Humphrey X de Bohun, entry in "Medieval Lands" database, accessed 12 April 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Anthony Luttrell. English Levantine Crusaders 1363-1367, Renaissance Studies, Vol. 2 no. 2, 1988, pp.146 and 150-3, viewable at JSTOR (free registration required).
  9. Wikipedia: John of Gaunt.
  10. Bigelow M M (1896) The Bohun Wills II. The American Historical Review. Vol. 1, No. 4 (Jul., 1896), pp. 631-649. Stable URL.
  11. T Anna Leese. Blood Royal: Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399, Heritage Books 2007.
  12. See, for instance, FamilySearch.
  13. See, for instance, The King's Candlesticks.
  14. Monasticon Anglicanum. By Sir William Dugdale, Knight. Vol. 4. London, 1846, p140. [1]


Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta ancestry
This profile was developed in accordance with project standards (by Michael Cayley, 6 April 2019) as part of the trail between Gateway Ancestor Mary Bourchier and Magna Carta Surety Baron Henry de Bohun. The trail was reviewed/approved for the Magna Carta Project on 5 July 2019 by Liz Shifflett. See Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails.
His mother's profile is in badged trails to the de Clares, de Quincy, and Lacy.

Trail from Mary Bourchier to Henry de Bohun

  1. Mary Bourchier is the daughter of John Bourchier
  2. John Bourchier is the son of Ralph Bourchier
  3. Ralph Bourchier is the son of James Bouchier
  4. James Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  5. John Bourchier is the son of Humphrey Bourchier
  6. Humphrey Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  7. John Bourchier is the son of Anne of Gloucester
  8. Anne of Gloucester is the daughter of Eleanor de Bohun
  9. Eleanor de Bohun is the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun
  10. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of William de Bohun
  11. William de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  12. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  13. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  14. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  15. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Surety Baron Henry de Bohun. Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  16. Henry de Bohun, Surety Baron.

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On 11 Sep 2019 at 17:37 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

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100% 5-star profile (see more at Magna Carta Project Star Profiles)

On 2 Apr 2019 at 14:49 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

The profile looks wonderful now Michael! Thanks :D

On 28 Mar 2019 at 11:50 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

In a series of edits, I have added to biographical information and sources and moved some information to research notes.

On 24 Mar 2019 at 08:52 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I am likely to do a little work on this profile as part of what I am doing on the Magna Carta trail of Mary Bourchier,

Humphrey is 21 degrees from Carroll Shelby, 27 degrees from Joan Whitaker and 6 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.