Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun

Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun (abt. 1276 - 1322)

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Humphrey de Bohun formerly Bohun aka Earl of Hereford
Born about [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 14 Nov 1302 in Westminster, London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Battle of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified 10 Oct 2019 | Created 14 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 10 Oct 2019
22:30: Andrew Lancaster edited the Biography for Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun (abt.1276-1322). [Thank Andrew for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Contents

Biography

Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun was a member of aristocracy in England.
The House of Bohun crest.
Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun is a member of the House of Bohun.

Humphrey de Bohun, Knt., 8th (4th[1]) Earl of Hereford, 9th Earl of Essex[2]

Humphrey de Bohun was the only son of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud de Fiennes, who married in 1275 (agreement dated June 1275).[3] He was born about 1276. He was said to be 22 when his father died in 1298[4][5] and he succeeded to the Bohun lands, titles and honours.[1][6]

Marriage

He married Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, widow of Count Jan van Holland and daughter of Edward I,[6] at Westminster on 14 November 1302. Being related in the 3rd and 4th degree of kindred, they received a dispensation on 10 August 1302.[4][2]

Children

Humphrey and Elizabeth had the following children:

  • Margaret[4] (Sep 1303 - 7 Feb 1305/6[7]), buried at Westminster Abbey[4][7]
  • Humphrey[4] (10 Sep. 1304 - 28 Oct. 1304[7]), buried at Westminster Abbey[4][7]
  • John (23 Nov 1306 - 20 Jan 1335/6), Knt., Earl of Hereford and Essex, married (1) Alice de Arundel; (2) Margaret Basset[4][7]
  • Humphrey, (6 Dec 1309 - 15 Oct 1361), Knt., Earl of Hereford and Essex[4][7]
  • Edward (c.1312 - 1335), Knt., married Margaret de Ros, drowned rescuing a peasant, twin of William[4][7]
  • William (c.1312 - 16 Sep 1360), K.G., Earl of Northampton, twin of Edward,[7] married Elizabeth de Badlesmere[8]
  • Eleanor, married (1) James le Boteler (or Butler), K.B., 1st Earl of Ormond, (2) Thomas de Dagworth, Knt., Lord Dagworth[4][7]
  • Margaret, married Hugh de Courtenay, Knt., 10th Earl of Devon[4][7]
  • Eneas[4], mentioned in his father's 1319 will[4] and died 29 Sep. 1331[7]
  • Isabel[4], probably died within a few days of her birth on 5 May 1316 (her mother died that day from birth complications)[7]

Career

Humphrey de Bohun served in both Edward I's and Edward II's wars in Scotland. In the course of his military activity there, he took part in the Battle of Falkirk (1296), the siege of Caerlaverock (1300), and the siege of Stirling Castle (1304). In 1306 Edward I granted him Annandale and Lochmaben Castle, which had been possessions of Robert the Bruce and had been escheated to Edward I following Robert the Bruce's killing of John Comyn.[1][6] He was granted further lands of Robert the Bruce in 1307.[4]

He took part in tournaments at Fulham in 1305 and at Wallingford in 1307.[4]

On 22 May 1306, at the knighting of the future Edward II, he was chosen to fasten one of the prince's spurs.[1][6]

When Edward II was crowned king in 1308, Humphrey carried the sceptre with the cross.[6][4] But he soon became associated with the baronial opponents of the king. In 1310, he was one of the Lords Ordainer commissioned to reform the household and government of Edward II. In 1310/11 he refused to fight in Scotland, because of his enmity to the royal favourite Gaveston: Edward II deprived him of the hereditary office of Constable of England, though it was fairly quickly restored. In 1312 he took part in the deliberations which led to Gaveston's execution, receiving a royal pardon the following year.[1][6]

In 1314 he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Bannockburn: he was exchanged for Elizabeth de Burgh, wife of Robert the Bruce.[1][6]

In 1316 he suppressed a Welsh revolt.[1][6] The same year he was a member of a committee set up to attempt again to reform the royal household and government; but the following year he came to an agreement with the king.[1]

In 1321 he joined with other barons in opposing the Despensers, who were driven into exile. After their return the same year, and Humphrey's refusal to come to terms, Edward II ordered the confiscation of his possessions in January 1321/2.[1][6]

Death

Humphrey de Bohun made his will on 11 August 1319, requesting burial at Walden Abbey near his wife.[4][6][9][10] He was killed at the Battle of Boroughbridge, fighting alongside Thomas Earl of Lancaster against the forces of Edward II, on 16 March 1321/2, and was actually buried at the Friars Preachers in York.[1][6]

Successors

He was succeeded by his 2nd but eldest surviving son John. John died 20 January 1335/6 without issue; his heir was his younger brother Humphrey, who died unmarried in 1361.[11] The next heir was then Humphrey, son of William (3rd surviving son of Humphrey).[8] For more information, see their profiles.

Research Notes

Children Margaret and Humphrey Richardson has different dates for Humphrey’s first two children, who died young: Margaret (born 1302; died 7 February 1304 age one and a half years) and Humphrey (born 1303; died 15 July 1304).[12] If the dates given in Magna Carta Ancestry were right, Margaret would have been born before her parents' marriage. For a full discussion, justifying the dates given above, see the Research Notes section on Margaret's and Humphrey's profiles (Bohun-197 and Bohun-38, respectively).

Daughter Isabel For the youngest child, Isabel, Richardson merely says she died young before 1319, without saying when she was born. The birth date given above is based on information in the Walden Cartulary cited in Brad Verity's article discussing the number of their children.[7]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Bohun, Humphrey de, fourth earl of Hereford and ninth earl of Essex
  2. 2.0 2.1 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), volume I, pages 420-424 BOHUN 9.
  3. Richardson, Royal Ancestry, I:418-420 BOHUN 8.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: the author, 2011), volume I, pages 239-243 BOHUN 5
  5. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 92', in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 3, Edward I, ed. J.E.E.S. Sharp and A.E. Stamp (London, 1912), pp. 422-436. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/vol3/pp422-436 [accessed 2 September 2019]. Item 552.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 G E Cokayne. Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. VI, St Catherine Press 1926, pp. 467-70: HEREFORD VIII
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 Brad Verity. The Children of Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford, Daughter of Edward I of England, Foundations (Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy) 6, 2006, pp.3-10
  8. 8.0 8.1 Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume I, pages 424-426 BOHUN 10.
  9. Michael Andrews-Reading (translator). The Will of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford & Essex, 1319, Foundations (Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy) 6, 2014, pp.11-12
  10. Bigelow M M (1896) The Bohun Wills I. The American Historical Review. Vol. 1, pp. 414-435 [1]
  11. Richardson, Royal Ancestry, I:422-423 BOHUN 9.iii and 9.iv.
  12. Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, I:241, BOHUN 5.i and 5.ii
  • Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011. See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City: the author, 2013. See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
  • Cokayne, G E. Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. VI, St Catherine Press 1926
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Bohun, Humphrey de, fourth earl of Hereford and ninth earl of Essex, 2004, revised online 2008 (available online via some libraries)
  • Cawley, Charles. Humphrey Bohun, entry in "Medieval Lands" database, A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families © by Charles Cawley, hosted by Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG). See also WikiTree's source page for MedLands.
  • Lewis, Marlyn. Our Royal, Titled and Commoner Ancestors: "Sir Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 8th Earl Hereford & 9th Earl Essex, Constable of England."
  • Families Directly Descended from All the Royal Families in Europe (495 to 1932) & Mayflower Descendants. Bound with Supplement
  • Roberts, Gary Boyd. The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004
  • Wikipedia: Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (calls him Humphrey VII)
  • Monasticon Anglicanum. By Sir William Dugdale, Knight. Vol. 6 Part I. London, 1846, p135. [2]

Acknowledgements

Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta ancestry
This profile was developed in accordance with project standards (by Michael Cayley, 6 April 2019) as part of the trail between Gateway Ancestor Mary Bourchier and Magna Carta Surety Baron Henry de Bohun. The trail was reviewed/approved for the Magna Carta Project on 5 July 2019 by Liz Shifflett. See Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails.

Trail from Mary Bourchier to Henry de Bohun

  1. Mary Bourchier is the daughter of John Bourchier
  2. John Bourchier is the son of Ralph Bourchier
  3. Ralph Bourchier is the son of James Bouchier
  4. James Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  5. John Bourchier is the son of Humphrey Bourchier
  6. Humphrey Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  7. John Bourchier is the son of Anne of Gloucester
  8. Anne of Gloucester is the daughter of Eleanor de Bohun
  9. Eleanor de Bohun is the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun
  10. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of William de Bohun
  11. William de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  12. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  13. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  14. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  15. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Surety Baron Henry de Bohun. Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  16. Henry de Bohun, Surety Baron.


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Memories: 1

On 16 Apr 2011 Anonymous Drake wrote:

Earl of Hereford & Essex



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On 11 Sep 2019 at 17:36 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Magna Carta project logo
100% 5-star profile (see more at Magna Carta Project Star Profiles)

On 31 Aug 2019 at 16:33 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Thanks, Steve. You may have seen that I have asked a question in G2G, citing two further weblinks that cast doubt on whether the images are of Humphrey de Bohun.

On 31 Aug 2019 at 07:42 GMT Steve Hunt wrote:

Re: the attached image of a monument in Hereford Cathedral.

The monument has been ascribed to Peter de Grandison [See source below dated 1931]

https://www.british-history.ac.uk/rchme/heref/vol1/pp90-144

https://www.flickr.com/photos/amthomson/7898725782/in/photostream/

However, the second attached image which does seem to be a sketch of the figure in the same monument .. was ascribed [in 1840] to Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=gri.ark:/13960/t8qc0t86q&view=1up&seq=87

On 30 Aug 2019 at 15:11 GMT Steve Hunt wrote:

Re: the attached image of a Tomb in Hereford Cathedral.

It apparently lies next to that believed to be the tomb of Joanna de Kilpeck de Bohun.

http://rootingforancestors.blogspot.com/2009/09/joanna-countess-of-hereford-short.html

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Plokenet-1

Perhaps the tomb is that of her husband said here to be Henry de Bohun

https://pure.royalholloway.ac.uk/portal/files/27830947/2017diazpascuallphd.pdf https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bohun-174

but her profile currently indicates her husband was Edward de Bohun, son of the 4th Earl

On 13 May 2019 at 17:34 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Thanks Bettye, but I had deleted my comment about not being able to find the dates in Richardson (and also deleted a second post, apologizing, since Michael had posted inline citation with a link to the correct page in Richardson where the dates were). The passage you provide is the one I was looking at originally, which doesn't have the dates. Richardson gives the dates Michael refers to in the Research Notes section in the individual entries for the children (in the case of the 1st of name Humphrey & Margaret, 5.i & 5.ii, as footnoted in the text).

Cheers, Liz

update: corrected "8.i & 8.ii" to "5.i. & 5.ii"

On 13 May 2019 at 17:16 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:

Hi Liz ...This question was posted a couple of days ago, so, may have already been answered. Information taken from 'Changes.'

"I can't find where in Magna Carta Ancestry Richardson gives dates of birth for the "1st of the name" children Humphrey & Margaret. Where are you seeing the dates you reference in the Research Notes?


Source

Children: They had six sons, and four daughters

Humphrey (1st of name)
John, Knt. [Earl of Hereford and Essex]
Humphrey, Knt., (2nd of name) [Earl of Hereford and Essex]
Edward, Knt.,
William, K.G. [Earl of Northampton].
Eneas,
Margaret (1st of name),
Eleanor,
Margaret (1st of name)
Isabel

On 2 Apr 2019 at 15:00 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Thanks, Liz. I have done that. Michael

On 2 Apr 2019 at 14:53 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

This profile looks SO MUCH BETTER!! Thanks Michael! I think you can also remove the category "EuroAristo - Profiles that need work" now.

Cheers, Liz

On 2 Apr 2019 at 13:19 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

In a series of edits I have added sources, removed dead weblinks, transferred information about his father to his father's profile (for further work there), added some information about his life, and generally tidied up the bio. I may do a little more editing, but the main work I planned for this profile is now done.

On 31 Mar 2019 at 15:26 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I plan to do some work on this profile as part of what I am doing on the Magna Carta trail of Mary Bourchier, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bouchier-16.

more comments

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