||Humphrey Bohun is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.|
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Humphrey de Bohun was the only son of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud de Fiennes, who married in 1275 (agreement dated June 1275). He was born about 1276. He was said to be 22 when his father died in 1298 and he succeeded to the Bohun lands, titles and honours.
He married Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, widow of Count Jan van Holland and daughter of Edward I, at Westminster on 14 November 1302. Being related in the 3rd and 4th degree of kindred, they received a dispensation on 10 August 1302.
Humphrey and Elizabeth had the following children:
Humphrey de Bohun served in both Edward I's and Edward II's wars in Scotland. In the course of his military activity there, he took part in the Battle of Falkirk (1296), the siege of Caerlaverock (1300), and the siege of Stirling Castle (1304). In 1306 Edward I granted him Annandale and Lochmaben Castle, which had been possessions of Robert the Bruce and had been escheated to Edward I following Robert the Bruce's killing of John Comyn. He was granted further lands of Robert the Bruce in 1307.
He took part in tournaments at Fulham in 1305 and at Wallingford in 1307.
When Edward II was crowned king in 1308, Humphrey carried the sceptre with the cross. But he soon became associated with the baronial opponents of the king. In 1310, he was one of the Lords Ordainer commissioned to reform the household and government of Edward II. In 1310/11 he refused to fight in Scotland, because of his enmity to the royal favourite Gaveston: Edward II deprived him of the hereditary office of Constable of England, though it was fairly quickly restored. In 1312 he took part in the deliberations which led to Gaveston's execution, receiving a royal pardon the following year.
In 1316 he suppressed a Welsh revolt. The same year he was a member of a committee set up to attempt again to reform the royal household and government; but the following year he came to an agreement with the king.
In 1321 he joined with other barons in opposing the Despensers, who were driven into exile. After their return the same year, and Humphrey's refusal to come to terms, Edward II ordered the confiscation of his possessions in January 1321/2.
Humphrey de Bohun made his will on 11 August 1319, requesting burial at Walden Abbey near his wife. He was killed at the Battle of Boroughbridge, fighting alongside Thomas Earl of Lancaster against the forces of Edward II, on 16 March 1321/2, and was actually buried at the Friars Preachers in York.
He was succeeded by his 2nd but eldest surviving son John. John died 20 January 1335/6 without issue; his heir was his younger brother Humphrey, who died unmarried in 1361. The next heir was then Humphrey, son of William (3rd surviving son of Humphrey). For more information, see their profiles.
Children Margaret and Humphrey Richardson has different dates for Humphrey’s first two children, who died young: Margaret (born 1302; died 7 February 1304 age one and a half years) and Humphrey (born 1303; died 15 July 1304). If the dates given in Magna Carta Ancestry were right, Margaret would have been born before her parents' marriage. For a full discussion, justifying the dates given above, see the Research Notes section on Margaret's and Humphrey's profiles (Bohun-197 and Bohun-38, respectively).
Daughter Isabel For the youngest child, Isabel, Richardson merely says she died young before 1319, without saying when she was born. The birth date given above is based on information in the Walden Cartulary cited in Brad Verity's article discussing the number of their children.
On 16 Apr 2011 Anonymous Drake wrote:
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On 11 Sep 2019 at 17:36 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:
On 31 Aug 2019 at 16:33 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:
On 31 Aug 2019 at 07:42 GMT Steve Hunt wrote:
The monument has been ascribed to Peter de Grandison [See source below dated 1931]
However, the second attached image which does seem to be a sketch of the figure in the same monument .. was ascribed [in 1840] to Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex
On 30 Aug 2019 at 15:11 GMT Steve Hunt wrote:
It apparently lies next to that believed to be the tomb of Joanna de Kilpeck de Bohun.
Perhaps the tomb is that of her husband said here to be Henry de Bohun
but her profile currently indicates her husband was Edward de Bohun, son of the 4th Earl
On 13 May 2019 at 17:34 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:
update: corrected "8.i & 8.ii" to "5.i. & 5.ii"
On 13 May 2019 at 17:16 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:
"I can't find where in Magna Carta Ancestry Richardson gives dates of birth for the "1st of the name" children Humphrey & Margaret. Where are you seeing the dates you reference in the Research Notes?
Children: They had six sons, and four daughters
On 2 Apr 2019 at 15:00 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:
On 2 Apr 2019 at 14:53 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:
On 2 Apr 2019 at 13:19 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:
On 31 Mar 2019 at 15:26 GMT Michael Cayley wrote: