Humphrey de Bohun married twice. His first wife was Maude de Lusignan, also known as Maud d'Eu. They married before 1233: she died on 12 August 1241, having borne eight children. Their children were:
From his father Humphrey inherited the title Constable of England.
In 1225 Humphrey was a witness to the reissue of the Magna Carta.
During his life he fought in various military campaigns, including in France, Gascony and Wales, and headed several diplomatic and peace missions.
He was Marshal of the Household at the coronation of Eleanor of Provence, Henry III's wife, in 1236. That year he inherited the title of Earl of Essex. The following year he made a pilgrimage to the shrine of Santiago da Compostella.
In 1239 he was one of the future Edward I's godfathers.
From 1239 to 1241 he was Sheriff of Kent, Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden of the Cinque Ports.
In 1250 he took the cross but "he seems not to have gone to the Holy Land."
Disputes between Barons and Henry III
In the 1250s and 1260s he was closely caught up in disputes between barons and Henry III, initially allying himself with the party of barons who coalesced around Simon de Montfort in seeking to force reforms on the king. In 1258 he helped enforce the banishment of the Lusignan relatives of Henry III, whose influence many barons resented, and helped draft the Provisions of Oxford, which among other things set up a Privy Council (of which he was one of the original members) to play a key role in royal government.
In 1263 he switched support from Simon de Montfort to Henry III, while his oldest son Humphrey remained loyal to the Monfortians. He was one of the leading adherents of the king captured at the Battle of Lewes in 1264. After his son Humphrey's own capture by the royalists during the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and subsequent death, Humphrey secured the restoration to himself of lands he had entrusted to his son for life.
In 1266 he was one of the arbitrators of the Dictum of Kenilworth, the agreement intended to reconcile surviving rebel barons with the king.
Humphrey de Bohun died on 24 September 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Abbey near Gloucester.
Humphrey was 2nd Earl of Hereford of the 3rd post-Norman-Conquest creation of the title, and 6th Earl of Hereford overall. Similarly, he was 1st Earl of Essex of the 3rd creation of the title, and 7th Earl of Essex overall.
Marlyn Lewis gives his birthplace as Warwickshire but without a source for it.
↑ 1.01.1 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), volume I, pages 410-415 BOHUN 6.
Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City: the author, 2013. See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011. See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
Cokayne, G E. The Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. VI, St Catherine Press 1926
I have removed the death place (Chelmsford, esex) as there was no response to my comment of 21 April and I can find no source to justify it - and Wikipedia gives a different death place (without a source).
In a series of edits I have tidied up the biography, eliminating duplication and replacing text copied from elsewhere with sourced factual info; added some children listed in Richardson and Wikipedia - I plan to create their profiles shortly; and improved sourcing. I have now done the main work I intend on this profile, though there may be further minor editorial changes and typo corrections. I have substantially shortened a lengthy and repetitive explanation on titles (which could have been applicable, mutatis mutandis, to umpteen Wikitree aristocratic profiles) and moved it to a research note.
I am working on a Magna Carta trail from Mary Bourchier back to Humphrey’s father, and will be wanting to review this profile in due course as part of that. I would prefer information not to be deleted in the meantime. I hope this is ok.
Hello Liz, If you believe this Source is not credible, then the 13 Biography statements which reference the Source should be deleted. Why diminish the overall accuracy of the profile, by keeping a few statements which do not greatly impact the general understanding of Humphrey Bohun? I'm with you.