Humphrey IV (Bohun) de Bohun

Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun (abt. 1200 - 1275)

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Sir Humphrey (Humphrey IV) "6th Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex" de Bohun formerly Bohun aka de Boun
Born about in Warwick, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married before 1236 [location unknown]
Husband of — married after 14 Aug 1241 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [location unknown]
Profile last modified 18 Sep 2019 | Created 14 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 18 Sep 2019
08:02: Andrew Lancaster edited the Preferred Name for Humphrey (Bohun) de Bohun (abt.1200-1275). [Thank Andrew for this]
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Humphrey IV de Bohun, son of surety baron Henry de Bohun, is in a trail badged by the Magna Carta Project (see text below).

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Humphrey IV Bohun is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Humphrey IV (Bohun) de Bohun was a member of aristocracy in England.
The House of Bohun crest.
Humphrey IV (Bohun) de Bohun is a member of the House of Bohun.

Humphrey de Bohun, Knt.[1]

Birth and Parentage

Humphrey de Bohun was son and heir of Henry de Bohun and Maud de Mandeville. He was of age in 1221 so may have been born in about 1200.[1][2][3]

Marriages and Children

Humphrey de Bohun married twice. His first wife was Maude de Lusignan, also known as Maud d'Eu. They married before 1233: she died on 12 August 1241[3], having borne eight children.[2] Their children were:

Humphrey's second wife was Maude de Avenbury, who died on 8 October 1273.[3][2] They had two children:


From his father Humphrey inherited the title Constable of England.[2][3]

In 1225 Humphrey was a witness to the reissue of the Magna Carta.[5]

During his life he fought in various military campaigns, including in France, Gascony and Wales, and headed several diplomatic and peace missions.[2][5]

He was Marshal of the Household at the coronation of Eleanor of Provence, Henry III's wife, in 1236. That year he inherited the title of Earl of Essex. The following year he made a pilgrimage to the shrine of Santiago da Compostella.[3][5]

In 1239 he was one of the future Edward I's godfathers.[3][5]

From 1239 to 1241 he was Sheriff of Kent, Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden of the Cinque Ports.[3][5]

In 1250 he took the cross but "he seems not to have gone to the Holy Land."[5]

Disputes between Barons and Henry III

In the 1250s and 1260s he was closely caught up in disputes between barons and Henry III, initially allying himself with the party of barons who coalesced around Simon de Montfort in seeking to force reforms on the king. In 1258 he helped enforce the banishment of the Lusignan relatives of Henry III, whose influence many barons resented, and helped draft the Provisions of Oxford, which among other things set up a Privy Council (of which he was one of the original members) to play a key role in royal government.[3][5]

In 1263 he switched support from Simon de Montfort to Henry III, while his oldest son Humphrey remained loyal to the Monfortians. He was one of the leading adherents of the king captured at the Battle of Lewes in 1264. After his son Humphrey's own capture by the royalists during the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and subsequent death, Humphrey secured the restoration to himself of lands he had entrusted to his son for life.[5]

In 1266 he was one of the arbitrators of the Dictum of Kenilworth, the agreement intended to reconcile surviving rebel barons with the king.[5]


Humphrey de Bohun died on 24 September 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Abbey near Gloucester.[2][3][5][6]

Research Notes


Humphrey was 2nd Earl of Hereford of the 3rd post-Norman-Conquest creation of the title, and 6th Earl of Hereford overall.[3][7] Similarly, he was 1st Earl of Essex of the 3rd creation of the title, and 7th Earl of Essex overall.[8][9]

Birth Location

Marlyn Lewis gives his birthplace as Warwickshire but without a source for it.[10]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), volume I, pages 410-415 BOHUN 6.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: the author, 2011), volume I, pages 228-234 BOHUN 2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 G E Cokayne. Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. VI, St Catherine Press 1926, pp. 459-462, HEREFORD VI
  4. Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, I:234 BOHUN 3.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Bohun, Humphrey de, second earl of Hereford and seventh earl of Essex
  6. William Dugdale. Monasticon Anglicanum, new enlarged edition, Vol. VI part 1, pub. James Bohn 1846, p. 135
  7. Wikipedia: Earl of Hereford
  8. G E Cokayne. Complete Peerage, revised and enlarged, Vol. V, St Catherine Press 1926, p. 135
  9. Wikipedia: Earl of Essex
  10. Lewis, Marlyn, Our Royal Titled Noble and Commoner Ancestors


Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta ancestry
Sir Humphrey IV de Bohun, son of Magna Carta Surety Baron Henry de Bohun, is included in trails developed by Magna Carta Project members to the following Gateway Ancestors:
See Base Camp for more information about about Magna Carta trails. See the project's Glossary for project-specific terms, such as a "badged trail".

Magna Carta Lineage

Elizabeth Boteler to Henry de Bohun
  1. Elizabeth Boteler m. William Claiborne. Royal Ancestry (RA) I:386. Brother Thomas is also a Gateway Ancestor (brother John also immigrated but died unmarried).
  2. John Butler II RA I:386
  3. Cressett Saint John, illegitimate daughter of John Saint John and Anne Neville, m. John Butler I. RA I:385
  4. John Saint John m. (1) Margaret Waldegrave (BLETSOE 18) and (2) Anne Neville RA I:384
  5. John Saint John m. Margred (Sybill) ferch Morgan RA IV:534
  6. John Saint John m. Alice Bradshaw RA IV:534
  7. Margaret Beauchamp m. Oliver Saint John
  8. John Beauchamp m. Edith Stourton RA IV:527
  9. Roger Beauchamp m. Mary RA IV:525
  10. Roger de Beauchamp m. Joan de Clopton RA IV:526
  11. Roger de Beauchamp m. Sibyl de Patesville
  12. Roger de Beauchamp of Powick
  13. Alice de Tony m. Walter de Beauchamp RA IV:411/V:175 Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  14. Alice de Bohun m. Roger de Tony RA V:174 Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  15. Humphrey de Bohun m. Maud of Eu RA I:410 Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  16. Henry de Bohun m. Maude de Mandeveille. Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
Mary Bourchier to Henry de Bohun
  1. Mary Bourchier is the daughter of John Bourchier
  2. John Bourchier is the son of Ralph Bourchier
  3. Ralph Bourchier is the son of James Bouchier
  4. James Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  5. John Bourchier is the son of Humphrey Bourchier
  6. Humphrey Bourchier is the son of John Bourchier
  7. John Bourchier is the son of Anne of Gloucester
  8. Anne of Gloucester is the daughter of Eleanor de Bohun
  9. Eleanor de Bohun is the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun
  10. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of William de Bohun
  11. William de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  12. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  13. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  14. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Humphrey de Bohun
  15. Humphrey de Bohun is the son of Surety Baron Henry de Bohun. Already has MC Badge, other Trail.
  16. Henry de Bohun, Surety Baron.

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Memories: 3

On 28 Feb 2013 Anonymous Drake wrote:

On 16 Apr 2011 Anonymous Drake wrote:

"The Good Governor of Goodrich Castle"

On 14 Apr 2011 Anonymous Drake wrote:

The "GOOD Governor" of Goodrich Castle Earl of Hereford & Essex Married Maud D'Eu

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On 11 Sep 2019 at 17:34 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Magna Carta project logo
100% 5-star profile (see more at Magna Carta Project Star Profiles)

On 22 Apr 2019 at 12:06 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have removed the death place (Chelmsford, esex) as there was no response to my comment of 21 April and I can find no source to justify it - and Wikipedia gives a different death place (without a source).

On 21 Apr 2019 at 09:03 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

Is there a source for the death place of Chelmsford? Wikipedia says he died in Warwickshire.

On 8 Apr 2019 at 10:34 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have now created a profile for the final child for whom there wasn't one, Miles, and put a link to it in the list of children in this profile.

On 7 Apr 2019 at 16:53 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I have added profiles for three children listed in Richardson: Geoffrey, Ralph and Mary

On 5 Apr 2019 at 14:50 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

In a series of edits I have tidied up the biography, eliminating duplication and replacing text copied from elsewhere with sourced factual info; added some children listed in Richardson and Wikipedia - I plan to create their profiles shortly; and improved sourcing. I have now done the main work I intend on this profile, though there may be further minor editorial changes and typo corrections. I have substantially shortened a lengthy and repetitive explanation on titles (which could have been applicable, mutatis mutandis, to umpteen Wikitree aristocratic profiles) and moved it to a research note.

On 4 Apr 2019 at 20:17 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I plan very shortly to do some work on this profile as part of what I am doing on the Magna Carta trail of Mary Bourchier,

On 23 Mar 2019 at 15:19 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

no problem

On 22 Mar 2019 at 21:58 GMT Michael Cayley wrote:

I am working on a Magna Carta trail from Mary Bourchier back to Humphrey’s father, and will be wanting to review this profile in due course as part of that. I would prefer information not to be deleted in the meantime. I hope this is ok.

On 27 Jan 2019 at 04:39 GMT Gordon Warder Jr wrote:

Hello Liz, If you believe this Source is not credible, then the 13 Biography statements which reference the Source should be deleted. Why diminish the overall accuracy of the profile, by keeping a few statements which do not greatly impact the general understanding of Humphrey Bohun? I'm with you.

Gordon Warder Jr "Bud"

more comments

Humphrey IV is 26 degrees from Cari Starosta, 18 degrees from Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche and 10 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: House of Bohun | Earls of Essex | Earls of Hereford | Bohun-7 Descendants | Magna Carta