Robert had no siblings that immigrated to America
The Bolling family is assumed to have been descendants of the Bollings of Bolling Hall, near Bradford, England. Robert's ancestry is assumed to include Robert Bolling, Esquire, who died in 1479-85 and was buried in the family vault in the church at Bradford. According to Bolling family oral tradition, the original " deBolling " family was Norman French, and came to Barking Parish with William the Conqueror.
Robert Bolling arrived in Virginia on 2 October 1660, only fourteen years old.
Robert married twice. His first marriage was to Jane Rolfe, the daughter of Thomas Rolfe and Jane Poythress. Her paternal grandmother was Pocahontas. The descendants of this first marriage are sometimes referred to as the "Red Bollings" due to the Native American lineage. Descendants of his second marriage to Anne Stith are sometimes referred to as the "White Bollings."
Robert married in 1681, as his 2nd, to Anne Stith, daughter of John and Jane Stith. Anne died on 10 Apr 1729
1676 - Child of First Marriage
Child of Robert and his 1st wife, Jane (Rolfe):
John Bolling, born 26 or 27 Jan 1676, died 20 Apr 1729; married Mary Kennon, daughter of Richard Kennon, of Conjourer's Neck
1682 to 1700 - Children of 2nd Marriage
Robert and Anne probably had seven known children. The known children are from a note found in a very old volume of Pervise's Collection found at the Virginia State Library; this volume once belonged to Col Robert Bolling.
Children of Robert and his 2nd wife, Anne (Stith):
Agnes Bolling, born 30 Nov 1700, died 1762; married Richard Kennon.
Positions and Property
In his early years, Robert traded as "Robert Bolling and Co" which was referred to in the records of several counties, showing that his business was extensive. He was also a Virginia planter and acquired large tracts of land.
Robert Bolling was sheriff of Charles City County, and also the Lieutenant-Colonel for the Charles City County militia. This was a traditional office in England which was usually held by a nobleman. In addition to commanding the militia, this person served as the point of communication for the Governor and Secretary of the Colony, and presided in the county courts (p 26). As late as 1702, Robert was still serving as a justice.
In 1688, 1691-92, and 1699, Robert represented Charles City County in the House of Burgesses. In February 1699, Robert and Richard Bland, both magistrates of Charles City County, filed a petition that additional persons be added to the Commission of the Peace. In 1704 and 1705-06, he represented Prince George County.
Robert owned the plantation called "Kippax" and sometimes also called "Farmingdale," which was located in Charles City (now Prince George) County on the south side of James River.
Archaeologist Donald W. Linebaugh, of the University of Kentucky, located the remains of Col. Bolling`s house in Hopewell, Virginia in 2002. Most recently a dairy farm, the property has now been purchased by the National Archeological Conservancy.
Death and Legacy
Robert died on 17 July 1709 at Charles City County, Colony of Virginia. Robert was originally buried in the family cemetery at Kippax, as was his first wife, Jane.
Epitath of Robert Bolling's original tomb stone:
Here lyeth interred in hope of a joyful resurrection, the body of Robert Bolling, the son of John and Mary Bolling, of Allhallows, Barkin Parish, Tower Street, London. He was born the 26th of December in the year 1646, and came to Virginia October the 2d, 1660, and departed this life the 17th day of July, 1709, aged sixty-two years, six months and twenty-one days.
His second wife, Anne, is also assumed to have been buried at Kippax with other family members as well. Robert Buckner Bolling, a great-grandson of Robert, moved the remains (c. 1900) of Col. Robert Bolling and the succeeding male heirs to a newly built mausoleum at Blandford Cemetery. The graves of daughter, Jane Rolfe, and also Thomas Rolfe were re-marked at Kippax in 1943.
The Bollings married with the Stiths, Randolphs, Byrds and other foremost families of the colony.
Robert's son, Robert Bolling, Jr. was an ancestor of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, and Mary Anna Randolph Custis, wife of Robert E. Lee.
Woodrow Wilson's second wife was a Bolling of Virginia.
Charles City was one of the original "Shires" (soon after called Counties) formed in 1634.
Prince George formed from Charles City in 1702-1703.
Dinwiddie formed from Prince George in 1752, and Hopewell formed from Prince George in 1916.
One problem in researching Robert Bolling is the repetition of the 1868 A Memoir of a Portion of the Bolling Family ... copied word-for-word into the old composite profile books, such as Genealogies of Virginia Families from The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography and and older articles in The William and Mary Quarterly. It is difficult to find primary records, but those are what is needed. The Library of Virginia has 36 boxes of records concerning the Bolling family.
Daughter Mary "Moly" (Bolling) Baker Robert and Anne had no daughter named Mary "Molly." Several generations later, there is assumed to have been a Martha "Molly" Baker, daughter of James Baker who married Justice Bolling, great great grandson of this Col Robert Bolling.
Unknown first wife?
"According to Elaine Bolling in her note entitled, "Bolling-Randolph Chronology 1698-1740" on the Bolling Family Genealogy Forum, Robert Bolling returned to London in 1673 after immigrating to Virginia in 1660 and married an unknown wife who had Jane Bolling in 1674. In early 1675 he married Jane Rolfe as his second wife in what became Henrico County, Virginia.".
↑ 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Bolling, Robert, (1868) A Memoir of a Portion of the Bolling Family in England and Virginia. Richmond, VA: W.H. Wade & Co., Archive.org (Pages 3-4, 26).
↑ 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 (Jan 1914) "The Ancestors and Descendants of John Rolfe with Notices of Some Connected Families (Continued)." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society JSTOR.org (Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 103-107). (Series begins in Vol. 21, No. 1, p. 105)
↑ Bolling, Alexander, (1990) The Bolling Family, Eight Centuries of Growth. Baltimore: Gateway Press, (Page 24).
↑ 4.04.14.24.3 Colonial Dames of America., (1910) Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation ... Vol. 1. New York: The Grafton Press, HathiTrust.org (Page 326).
↑ Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775
Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume II Bolling Family, page 136
↑ Born 27 Jan. 1676 cannot be correct, but is persistent. Find A Grave: Memorial #31678153 for Jane Rolfe Bolling has birth date of 10 Oct. 1650 and death date as 26 Jan. 1676.
↑ Wulfeck, Dorothy Ford, (1961-1967) Marriages of Some Virginia Residents, 1607-1800; Vol. 01. Naugatuck, CT: D.F. Wulfeck, FamilySearch.org (Vol 1, Page 139)
↑ 8.08.1 Moore, J. Staunton, (1904) Annals of Henrico Parish. Richmond: Williams Printing Co., Archive.org (The Vestry Book transcript numbered separetely in second part, Page 168).
↑ 9.09.1 (Apr 1897) "Historical and Genealogical Notes." The William and Mary Quarterly. Omohundro Institute, JSTOR.org (Vol. 5, No. 4, Apr 1897, pp. 275-282, citing pp 275-76).
↑ Note: death dates and marriages are from an unknown source, possibly Find a Grave, unless otherwise noted
↑ 11.011.111.2 Slaughter, Philip, (1879) A History of Bristol Parish, Va.: with genealogies ... Richmond: J.W. Randolph & English, Archive.org (Page 141).
↑ born 25 Jan 1686 per VMHB 22:104 (obviously incorrect - 2 mos before brother Stith)
↑ Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, Henry Read, (1915) Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. Richmond, VA: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] 1915, Archive.org (Vol 2, Pages viii, xiv).
↑ Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, H. R. (Henry Read), Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia...] Richmond, VA: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] Archive.org (Vol 3, Pages x, 139).
↑Jamestowne Society: Bolling, Robert - A912; born 26 December 1646, died 17 July 1709 Prince George Co.; Charles City Co.: 1688-92, 1699 (Burgess). accessed 21 December 2018
↑ 'America and West Indies: February 1699, 21-24', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 17, 1699 and Addenda 1621-1698, ed. Cecil Headlam (London, 1908), pp. 68-79. British History Online.
↑ Virginia. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, H. R. (Henry Read), (1930) Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia... Vol 4. (Vol 3, ) Richmond: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] Archive.org (Page ).
↑ Adkins, Dan, (8 Mar 2002) "UK Archaeologist Locates 17th Century Merchant's House, Plans Excavation With Students." Campus Banner.uky.edu
↑ Cited by an unknown source, Bolling, Elaine, "Bolling-Randolph Chronology 1698-1740" on the Bolling Family Genealogy Forum
Ackerly, Mary Denham, (c 1930) "Our Kin: the Genealogies of Some of the Early Families who Made History in the Founding and Development of Bedford County, Virginia.
Brown, Stuart, et al (1995)Pocahontas' Descendants, It corrects, expands, and updates an earlier book called Pocahontas and Her Descendants by Wyndham Robertson (1887). Addenda continue to be published as more descendants are recorded.
Our Kin: the genealogies of some of the early families who made history in the founding and development of Bedford County on Ancestry.
Pecquet du Bellet, Louise, (1907) Some Prominent Virginian Families, Vol IV. [Lynchburg, VA: J.P. Bell Co.] Archive.org (Pages 304-33).
Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly. Ancestry.com, Provo, UT, USA
Robertson, Wyndham, (1887) Pocahontas, alias Matoaka, and her descendants through her marriage at Jamestown, Virginia, in April, 1614, with John Rolfe ... Richmond: J. W. Randolph & English.
Slaughter, Rev. Philip: History of Bristol Parish, 1st edn (1846), p. 44.
"Stith Family in Virginia." Family Search.org, citing Malone, Randolph A., (1996) Malone & Allied Families, 2nd Edition. (Pages 760-63).
Tyler, Lyon G., (1915) Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Vols I and IV. New York: Lewis historical publishing company, Archive.org (Vol 1, Page 189), Archive.org Vol 4, Page 522).
(Jan 1894) "Public Officers in Virginia, 1680." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society, JSTOR.org (Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 225-252).
(Jan 1897) "The Cocke Family of Virginia." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society, JSTOR.org (Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 322-332, citing p 329, "Descendants of Anne Cocke and Robert Bolling").
(Apr 1896) "The Starke Family." The William and Mary Quarterly. Omohundro Institute JSTOR.org (Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 270-272).
Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775,Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume II, Bolling Family, pp. 136/7.
Anonymous endnotes in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr 1900), p. 352. Partly recycled from WMQ Vol. 5 no. 4 (Apr 1897)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Robert by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Robert:
Maggie - Text says that "apparently Robert had no siblings" but there are three attached to his profile. Should that line be reworded or does this argue that he should be detached as son of John Bolling and Mary instead of just setting them as "[uncertain]"?
We're hoping to feature Robert next week as an Example Profile. If those of you here and within the Virginia project have a moment (I know with the holidays you may not) and can give him a once over to make sure he is in line with WikiTree style guide standards, we'd appreciate it! He looks pretty good now- y'all have done a wonderful job! Be prepared for a little traffic on his profile.
just finished reading through the source RJ found for me (Wikipedia and I do not get along - I clicked all over that footnote and didn't get anything other than the Wikipedia page!). Anyway... the source cited in Wikipedia for the statement that his father was born 1615 and that his mother was "Mary Carie (née Clarke) Bolling" and that his "grandfather Robert Bolling; his grandmother was Anne Clarke." does not have any of that information (aside from calling his mother "Mary").