Robert Bolling

Robert Bolling (1646 - 1709)

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Colonel Robert Bolling
Born in All Hallows Barking Parish, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of [uncertain] and [uncertain]
Husband of — married in Petersburg, Virginiamap
Husband of — married in Petersburg, Prince George County, Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Kippax, Prince George County, Colony of Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 16 Dec 2010 | Last significant change: 1 Jan 2019
14:43: Maggie N. removed Elizabeth Anne (Bolling) Elam (1690-1754) as a child of Robert Bolling (1646-1709). [Thank Maggie for this]
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Categories: Virginia Colonists | Dinwiddie County, Virginia Colony | Virginia Slave Owners | House of Burgesses, Virginia Colony | US Southern Colonist | Jamestowne Society Qualifying Ancestors.

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Robert Bolling


Robert Bolling, "of Kippax," was baptized in England on 26 Jan 1647 at the City of London parish of All Hallows Barking (also known as All Hallows by the Tower to differentiate it from the parish of Barking in Essex, a few miles away). All Hallows Barking A son of John Bolling[1] and his wife, Mary Carie, a widow, maiden name unknown.[2]
Robert had no siblings that immigrated to America[3][4]
The Bolling family is assumed to have been descendants of the Bollings of Bolling Hall, near Bradford, England. Robert's ancestry is assumed to include Robert Bolling, Esquire, who died in 1479-85 and was buried in the family vault in the church at Bradford.[5][4] According to Bolling family oral tradition, the original " deBolling " family was Norman French, and came to Barking Parish with William the Conqueror.[1]

Robert Bolling was a US Southern Colonist.
flag of the Jamestowne Society

Immigration to Virginia

Robert Bolling arrived in Virginia on 2 October 1660, only fourteen years old.[1]


Robert married twice. His first marriage was to Jane Rolfe, the daughter of Thomas Rolfe and Jane Poythress. Her paternal grandmother was Pocahontas. The descendants of this first marriage are sometimes referred to as the "Red Bollings" due to the Native American lineage. Descendants of his second marriage to Anne Stith are sometimes referred to as the "White Bollings."[1]
  • Robert married in 1681, as his 2nd, to Anne Stith, daughter of John and Jane Stith.[2] Anne died on 10 Apr 1729[8]

1676 - Child of First Marriage

Child of Robert and his 1st wife, Jane (Rolfe):[1]
  1. John Bolling, born 26 or 27 Jan 1676, died 20 Apr 1729; married Mary Kennon, daughter of Richard Kennon, of Conjourer's Neck

1682 to 1700 - Children of 2nd Marriage

Robert and Anne probably had seven known children. The known children are from a note found in a very old volume of Pervise's Collection found at the Virginia State Library; this volume once belonged to Col Robert Bolling.[9][2]
Children of Robert and his 2nd wife, Anne (Stith):[9][2][10]
  1. Robert Bolling Jr., born 25 Jan 1681/2, died 1749; married 1706 to Anne Cocke[11][12]
  2. Stith Bolling, born 28 Mar 1686, died 1727; married Elizabeth Hartwell.
  3. Edward Bolling, born 1 Oct 1687, died 1720; married Ms. Slaughter.[13]
  4. Anne Bolling, born 22 Jul 1690, died 1750; married Robert Wynne.
  5. Drury Bolling, born 21 Jun 1695, died 1726; married Elizabeth Meriwether.
  6. Thomas Bolling, born 30 March 1697/8
  7. Agnes Bolling, born 30 Nov 1700, died 1762; married Richard Kennon.

Positions and Property

In his early years, Robert traded as "Robert Bolling and Co" which was referred to in the records of several counties, showing that his business was extensive. He was also a Virginia planter and acquired large tracts of land.[2]
Robert Bolling was sheriff of Charles City County, and also the Lieutenant-Colonel for the Charles City County militia. This was a traditional office in England which was usually held by a nobleman. In addition to commanding the militia, this person served as the point of communication for the Governor and Secretary of the Colony, and presided in the county courts (p 26).[1] As late as 1702, Robert was still serving as a justice.
In 1688, 1691-92, and 1699, Robert represented Charles City County in the House of Burgesses.[14][15][16] In February 1699, Robert and Richard Bland, both magistrates of Charles City County, filed a petition that additional persons be added to the Commission of the Peace.[17] In 1704 and 1705-06, he represented Prince George County.[18]


Robert owned the plantation called "Kippax" and sometimes also called "Farmingdale," which was located in Charles City (now Prince George) County on the south side of James River.[11]
Archaeologist Donald W. Linebaugh, of the University of Kentucky, located the remains of Col. Bolling`s house in Hopewell, Virginia in 2002.[19] Most recently a dairy farm, the property has now been purchased by the National Archeological Conservancy.

Death and Legacy

Robert died on 17 July 1709 at Charles City County, Colony of Virginia.[11] Robert was originally buried in the family cemetery at Kippax, as was his first wife, Jane.
Epitath of Robert Bolling's original tomb stone:
Here lyeth interred in hope of a joyful resurrection, the body of Robert Bolling, the son of John and Mary Bolling, of Allhallows, Barkin Parish, Tower Street, London. He was born the 26th of December in the year 1646, and came to Virginia October the 2d, 1660, and departed this life the 17th day of July, 1709, aged sixty-two years, six months and twenty-one days.[2]
His second wife, Anne, is also assumed to have been buried at Kippax with other family members as well. Robert Buckner Bolling, a great-grandson of Robert, moved the remains (c. 1900) of Col. Robert Bolling and the succeeding male heirs to a newly built mausoleum at Blandford Cemetery.[20] The graves of daughter, Jane Rolfe, and also Thomas Rolfe were re-marked at Kippax in 1943.[20]
The Bollings married with the Stiths, Randolphs, Byrds and other foremost families of the colony.[4]
Robert's son, Robert Bolling, Jr. was an ancestor of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, and Mary Anna Randolph Custis, wife of Robert E. Lee.[citation needed]
Woodrow Wilson's second wife was a Bolling of Virginia.[4]

Research Notes

Location Notes:

Charles City was one of the original "Shires" (soon after called Counties) formed in 1634.

Prince George formed from Charles City in 1702-1703. Dinwiddie formed from Prince George in 1752, and Hopewell formed from Prince George in 1916.[21]

Source Notes:

One problem in researching Robert Bolling is the repetition of the 1868 A Memoir of a Portion of the Bolling Family ... copied word-for-word into the old composite profile books, such as Genealogies of Virginia Families from The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography and and older articles in The William and Mary Quarterly. It is difficult to find primary records, but those are what is needed. The Library of Virginia has 36 boxes of records concerning the Bolling family.[22]

Daughter Mary "Moly" (Bolling) Baker[23] Robert and Anne had no daughter named Mary "Molly." Several generations later, there is assumed to have been a Martha "Molly" Baker, daughter of James Baker who married Justice Bolling, great great grandson of this Col Robert Bolling.[24]

Unknown first wife?

"According to Elaine Bolling in her note entitled, "Bolling-Randolph Chronology 1698-1740" on the Bolling Family Genealogy Forum, Robert Bolling returned to London in 1673 after immigrating to Virginia in 1660 and married an unknown wife who had Jane Bolling in 1674. In early 1675 he married Jane Rolfe as his second wife in what became Henrico County, Virginia."[25].[citation needed]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Bolling, Robert, (1868) A Memoir of a Portion of the Bolling Family in England and Virginia. Richmond, VA: W.H. Wade & Co., (Pages 3-4, 26).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 (Jan 1914) "The Ancestors and Descendants of John Rolfe with Notices of Some Connected Families (Continued)." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society (Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 103-107). (Series begins in Vol. 21, No. 1, p. 105)
  3. Bolling, Alexander, (1990) The Bolling Family, Eight Centuries of Growth. Baltimore: Gateway Press, (Page 24).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Colonial Dames of America., (1910) Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation ... Vol. 1. New York: The Grafton Press, (Page 326).
  5. Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775 Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume II Bolling Family, page 136
  6. Born 27 Jan. 1676 cannot be correct, but is persistent. Find A Grave: Memorial #31678153 for Jane Rolfe Bolling has birth date of 10 Oct. 1650 and death date as 26 Jan. 1676.
  7. Wulfeck, Dorothy Ford, (1961-1967) Marriages of Some Virginia Residents, 1607-1800; Vol. 01. Naugatuck, CT: D.F. Wulfeck, (Vol 1, Page 139)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Moore, J. Staunton, (1904) Annals of Henrico Parish. Richmond: Williams Printing Co., (The Vestry Book transcript numbered separetely in second part, Page 168).
  9. 9.0 9.1 (Apr 1897) "Historical and Genealogical Notes." The William and Mary Quarterly. Omohundro Institute, (Vol. 5, No. 4, Apr 1897, pp. 275-282, citing pp 275-76).
  10. Note: death dates and marriages are from an unknown source, possibly Find a Grave, unless otherwise noted
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Slaughter, Philip, (1879) A History of Bristol Parish, Va.: with genealogies ... Richmond: J.W. Randolph & English, (Page 141).
  12. born 25 Jan 1686 per VMHB 22:104 (obviously incorrect - 2 mos before brother Stith)
  13. Slaughter reports 3 Oct 1687
  14. Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, Henry Read, (1915) Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. Richmond, VA: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] 1915, (Vol 2, Pages viii, xiv).
  15. Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, H. R. (Henry Read), Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia...] Richmond, VA: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] (Vol 3, Pages x, 139).
  16. Jamestowne Society: Bolling, Robert - A912; born 26 December 1646, died 17 July 1709 Prince George Co.; Charles City Co.: 1688-92, 1699 (Burgess). accessed 21 December 2018
  17. 'America and West Indies: February 1699, 21-24', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 17, 1699 and Addenda 1621-1698, ed. Cecil Headlam (London, 1908), pp. 68-79. British History Online.
  18. Virginia. House of Burgesses; McIlwaine, H. R. (Henry Read), (1930) Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia... Vol 4. (Vol 3, ) Richmond: [Library Board, Virginia State Library] (Page ).
  19. Adkins, Dan, (8 Mar 2002) "UK Archaeologist Locates 17th Century Merchant's House, Plans Excavation With Students." Campus Banner.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Chip (21 Oct 2011) "Kippax Plantation." The Bolling Family Association
  21. Germanna Colonies, "History of County Formations in Virginia 1617-1995." Germanna Colonies Family History: The State of Virginia.
  22. "Bolling Family Association records, 1991-2009." [1]
  23. Some online researchers report this Mary is the identical child as Agnes, calling her "Mary Agnes." Her WikiTree bio reports the same birth date as Agnes.
  24. Bass, Josephine Lindsay, and Becky Bonner, (18 Jan 2000) "Col. Robert I BOLLING 'the immigrant.'"
  25. Cited by an unknown source, Bolling, Elaine, "Bolling-Randolph Chronology 1698-1740" on the Bolling Family Genealogy Forum
See also:
  • Ackerly, Mary Denham, (c 1930) "Our Kin: the Genealogies of Some of the Early Families who Made History in the Founding and Development of Bedford County, Virginia.
  • Brown, Stuart, et al (1995)Pocahontas' Descendants, It corrects, expands, and updates an earlier book called Pocahontas and Her Descendants by Wyndham Robertson (1887). Addenda continue to be published as more descendants are recorded.
  • Morenus, David, Pocahontas Descendants
  • Our Kin: the genealogies of some of the early families who made history in the founding and development of Bedford County on Ancestry.
  • Pecquet du Bellet, Louise, (1907) Some Prominent Virginian Families, Vol IV. [Lynchburg, VA: J.P. Bell Co.] (Pages 304-33).
  • Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly., Provo, UT, USA
  • Robertson, Wyndham, (1887) Pocahontas, alias Matoaka, and her descendants through her marriage at Jamestown, Virginia, in April, 1614, with John Rolfe ... Richmond: J. W. Randolph & English.
  • Slaughter, Rev. Philip: History of Bristol Parish, 1st edn (1846), p. 44.
  • "Stith Family in Virginia." Family, citing Malone, Randolph A., (1996) Malone & Allied Families, 2nd Edition. (Pages 760-63).
  • Tyler, Lyon G., (1915) Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Vols I and IV. New York: Lewis historical publishing company, (Vol 1, Page 189), Vol 4, Page 522).
  • (Jan 1894) "Public Officers in Virginia, 1680." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society, (Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 225-252).
  • (Jan 1897) "The Cocke Family of Virginia." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society, (Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 322-332, citing p 329, "Descendants of Anne Cocke and Robert Bolling").
  • (Apr 1896) "The Starke Family." The William and Mary Quarterly. Omohundro Institute (Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 270-272).
  • Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775,Colonial Families of the United States of America, Volume II, Bolling Family, pp. 136/7.
  • Anonymous endnotes in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Apr 1900), p. 352. Partly recycled from WMQ Vol. 5 no. 4 (Apr 1897)[9]

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Robert by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Robert:

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Images: 1
Robert Bolling (1646-1709)
Robert Bolling (1646-1709)


On 26 Dec 2018 at 16:36 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Mary Kennon married John Bolling (see their profiles).

On 26 Dec 2018 at 15:43 GMT Stacy Pulliam wrote:

His wife's name is Mary Kennon

Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800 Author Dodd, Jordan Publisher Operations Inc Publisher Date 1997 Publisher Location Provo, UT, USA

On 21 Dec 2018 at 15:34 GMT Maggie N. wrote:

I was wondering myself, Liz, about the siblings but Helen Jones did find a baptismal for a daughter. The other two are disputable. I will reword it.

On 21 Dec 2018 at 10:35 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Maggie - Text says that "apparently Robert had no siblings" but there are three attached to his profile. Should that line be reworded or does this argue that he should be detached as son of John Bolling and Mary instead of just setting them as "[uncertain]"?

On 21 Dec 2018 at 10:12 GMT Maggie N. wrote:

Removed children that are not in this family.

On 20 Dec 2018 at 23:07 GMT Maggie N. wrote:

Working on it, Abby. What is known now is that is that his mother's maiden name is "Unknown". She was a widow when she married his father.

On 20 Dec 2018 at 21:33 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:

We're hoping to feature Robert next week as an Example Profile. If those of you here and within the Virginia project have a moment (I know with the holidays you may not) and can give him a once over to make sure he is in line with WikiTree style guide standards, we'd appreciate it! He looks pretty good now- y'all have done a wonderful job! Be prepared for a little traffic on his profile.

Thanks! Abby

On 20 Dec 2018 at 19:12 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Bolling-34 and Bolling-920 appear to represent the same person because: although set in a rejected match, the newly created Bolling-920 is a clear duplicate. please merge.

On 11 Jun 2018 at 17:01 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

just finished reading through the source RJ found for me (Wikipedia and I do not get along - I clicked all over that footnote and didn't get anything other than the Wikipedia page!). Anyway... the source cited in Wikipedia for the statement that his father was born 1615 and that his mother was "Mary Carie (née Clarke) Bolling" and that his "grandfather Robert Bolling; his grandmother was Anne Clarke." does not have any of that information (aside from calling his mother "Mary").

On 10 Jun 2018 at 08:49 GMT RJ Horace wrote:

Wikipedia source is here (footnote).

more comments

Robert is 20 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 18 degrees from Katy Jurado and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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