Daniel Boone was a pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman who became one of the United States' first folk heroes. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky, then Virginia, opposite the settled areas on the other side of the mountains.
"Many heroic actions and chivalrous adventures are related of me which exist only in the regions of fancy. With me the world has taken great liberties, and yet I have been but a common man."
Daniel Boone was born November 2, 1734 in a log cabin in Reading, Pennsylvania. His parents were Quakers. They lived on a small farm where his family ran a blacksmith shop and were weavers.
Daniel rarely attended school. He worked on the farm and spent his time hunting. When Daniel was 12 years old, his parents gave him his first rifle, as he was already proficient with a gun. In 1750, the family moved to North Carolina.
August 14,1756, Daniel married Rebecca Bryan. They had ten children together. He and a party of family and friends headed for the land past the Appalachian Mountains. It is said that Daniel felt that if you could see smoke from a neighbor's homestead, they were too close.
During this time, Daniel looked much like the tales described him: a long, fringed hunting tunic, a tomahawk and a knife in his belt, leather straps over his shoulder that held his powder horn, a pouch, and a black felt hat.
During the French and Indian War, Daniel joined General Edward Braddock's expedition to try to drive out the French from Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh). General Braddock was ambushed but Daniel was able to escape.
Daniel was a militia officer during the American Revolutionary War. Much of his time was spent fighting Native American tribes who were aiding the British. Daniel was captured by Shawnee warriors in 1778. They later adopted him into their tribe. He eventually left the Shawnee and returned to Boonesborough to help defend settlers in the area.
Daniel was elected to the first of his three terms in the Virginia General Assembly during the Revolutionary War.
Daniel fought in the Battle of Blue Licks in 1782.
Daniel regularly pushed westward, trying to stay away from areas that were quickly filling with settlers. Daniel faced resistance from local tribes such as the Shawnee. In 1775, he worked through such resistance, and blazed his Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains from North Carolina and Tennessee into Kentucky. Daniel stayed in Kentucky trapping and hunting for two years. It was here he founded the village and fort of Boonesborough, one of the first American settlements west of the Appalachians. Before the end of the 18th century, more than 200,000 European people migrated to Kentucky/Virginia by following the route marked by Boone.
Daniel worked as a surveyor and merchant. He ended up falling deep into debt through failed land speculation in Kentucky. He had purchased land, pre-war, which the US no longer viewed as his, as the area was Spanish territory at the time.
Frustrated with all the legal problems resulting from his land claims, Daniel emigrated to eastern Missouri in 1799. He would again lose his land when the US took over the area from the Spanish. Because of his history of encouraging westward movement in the US, he was gifted back part of his land, and spent most of the last two decades of his life there.
Later, after his move to Missouri, he was appointed a magistrate, a keeper of the law, by the Spanish.
Daniel Boone died September 26, 1820 in Missouri. He was buried in Bryan Cemetery, Marthasville, Missouri, but later was reinterred in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Daniel remains an iconic figure in American history. He was a legend in his own lifetime, especially after an account of his adventures was published in 1784. After his death, he was frequently the subject of heroic tall tales and works of fiction. The epic Daniel Boone mythology often overshadows the historical details of his life. The Daniel Boone trail was named after him, and winds through North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky, ending in Boonesborough.
Seven U.S. states have counties named in Daniel Boone's honor: Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Nebraska and West Virginia.
↑ 2.02.12.22.188.8.131.52 Bryan, William S., and Robert Rose. A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, published by Bryan, Brand & Co., St. Louis, MO, 1876. "Life of Daniel Boone", excerpt from pages 1-54. (link on Ancestry)
↑ 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Find A Grave, database and images (https://new.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2017), memorial page for Daniel Boone (2 Nov 1734–26 Sep 1820), Find-A-Grave: Memorial #109 , citing Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
Rockenfeld, Sarah . Our Boone Families and Daniel Boone's Kinfolk (1987) LoC #CS71.B725.
Boone County, Missouri Obituaries, 1871-91: Author: Weant, Kenneth, comp.: Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1998.Original data - Weant, Kenneth, comp.. 5558 Deaths Reported in and Chronological Index to Selected Articles from the Columbia Missouri Herald, 5 Jan 1871 - 31 Dec 1891.
Historical collections relating to Gwynedd : a township of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, settled, 1698, by immigrants from Wales: Author: Ancestry.com: Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Jenkins, Howard Malcolm,. Historical collections relating to Gwynedd : a township of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, settled, 1698, by immigrants from Wales, with some dat: Note: First ed., 1884.
Filson, John. The Discovery, Settlement, and Present State of Kentucke: and an essay towards the topography and natural history of that important country. (1784) Page 49 Original survey report handwritten by Daniel Boone.
Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, (http://www.dar.org/ : accessed March 20, 2016), "Record of Daniel Boone", Ancestor # A012096.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Daniel by comparing test results with other
carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Daniel:
Although the link (to a Geni.com profile for Daniel Boone) in the previous post shows Daniel Morgan Boone Sr., I could find no collaboration that his middle name was Morgan or that he was referred to as Senior, even though some references have his son Daniel Morgan Boone as Junior (which sometimes happens just to differentiate the generations, even when the names aren't exact). I removed those additions.