||María Luisa (Bourbon) di Borbone-Parma was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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Maria Luisa of Parma (9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) was Queen consort of Spain from 1788 to 1808 as the wife of King Charles IV of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma and his wife, Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France, the eldest daughter of King Louis XV.
Born in Parma, she was christened Luisa Maria Teresa Anna, but is known to history by the short Spanish form of this name: María Luisa. Her parents had been the Duke and Duchess of Parma since 1749, when the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) awarded the duchy to the Bourbon. She, her brother Ferdinand, and her sister Isabella were educated in Parma by Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, a well-known French philosopher.
Due to pressure from Napoleon I, María's husband abdicated the throne of Spain and spent the rest of his life in exile. When Napoleon's army invaded the country, several pamphlets blamed her for the abdication. María Luisa spent some years in France and then in Rome. Both María Luisa and her husband died in Italy in early 1819.
In 1792, the Order of Queen Maria Luisa for women was founded on her suggestion.
Maria Luisa married her first cousin Charles IV, in 1765. The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood.
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On 19 Jan 2017 at 11:43 GMT C (Sälgö) S wrote:
María Luisa is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 7 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.