Carlos III (Bourbon) de Borbón y Farnese
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Carlos (Bourbon) de Borbón y Farnese (1716 - 1788)

Carlos (Carlos III) "Rey de España" de Borbón y Farnese formerly Bourbon aka de España
Born in Real Alcázar de Madrid, Madrid, Españamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 8 May 1738 in Dresden, Kurfürstentum Sachsen, Heiliges Römisches Reichmap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 72 in Palacio Real de Madrid, Madrid, Españamap
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Profile last modified | Created 22 May 2013
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European Aristocracy
Carlos III Bourbon was a member of the aristocracy in Europe.
Preceded by
Fernando VI
Rey de España
1759-1788
Succeeded by
Carlos IV

Biography

Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, but eldest by his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Charles I, on the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese.

In 1734, as Duke of Parma, he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on 3 July 1735, reigning as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. In 1738 he married Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony, an educated, cultured woman who gave birth to 13 children, eight of whom reached adulthood. Charles and Maria Amalia resided in Naples for 19 years; she died in 1760.

Upon succeeding to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, Charles, a proponent of enlightened absolutism, on 6 October 1759 abdicated the Neapolitan and Sicilian thrones in favour of Ferdinand, his third surviving son, who became Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.

As king of Spain Charles III tried to rescue his empire from decay through far-reaching reforms such as weakening the Church and its monasteries, promoting science and university research, facilitating trade and commerce, modernizing agriculture and avoiding wars. He never achieved satisfactory control over finances, and was obliged to borrow to meet expenses. His reforms proved short-lived and Spain relapsed after his death, but his legacy lives on to this day.[1]

Historian Stanley Payne states Charles III:

"was probably the most successful European ruler of his generation. He had provided firm, consistent, intelligent leadership. He had chosen capable ministers....[his] personal life had won the respect of the people."


Sources





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DNA Connections
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De Borbón-3 and Bourbon-69 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate
Bourbon-69 and Bourbon-138 appear to represent the same person because: These are the same person.
posted by N (Sweet) S

This week's featured connections are from the War of the Roses: Carlos III is 10 degrees from Margaret England, 12 degrees from Edmund Beaufort, 10 degrees from Margaret Stanley, 13 degrees from John Butler, 11 degrees from Henry VI of England, 10 degrees from Louis XI de France, 12 degrees from Isabel of Clarence, 10 degrees from Edward IV of York, 14 degrees from Thomas Fitzgerald, 11 degrees from Richard III of England, 12 degrees from Henry Stafford and 13 degrees from Perkin Warbeck on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.

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Categories: House of Bourbon | Spanish Nobility | House of Capet