Jacques dit Jacob BOURGEOIS (1621 - <1700)
Jacques Bourgeois was born in France on January 7, 1621 in La Ferté-Gaucher commune's Saint-Romain parish. He was a surgeon and may have learned this profession from the Order of Malta, near his home in France. He arrived at Port-Royal in Acadia on July 6, 1641 having sailed aboard the Saint-François from the port of La Rochelle. He was travelling with the governor of Acadia, Charles de Menou d'Aulnay, who was leading a convoy of four ships.
He married Jeanne Trahan at Port-Royal in 1643. She was born about 1629 at Bourgueil in ancient Anjou province and arrived in Acadia in 1636 with her father Guillaume Trahan, her mother Francoise Corbineau and a sister.
At Port-Royal, Jacques became a farmer, shipbuilder, and trader. He traded with Bostonians; learning their language and becoming an interpreter for French and English. By 1670, Jacques was believed to be the wealthiest citizen in Port-Royal.
In 1671, Jacques, founded the "Bourgeois colony" with his two sons (Charles & Germain) and established the colony with several other European families.
In 1672, he sold a part of his land in Port-Royal to settle in Chignecto isthmus, where he built a flour-mill and saw-mill. This region had fertile marshes and high ground for farming. The northeast coast of the isthmus (Shediac) was a relay station in sea communications between Acadia and Canada for strategic commanding the isthmus and Bay of Fundy. Later, the Beaubassin region (south of Shediac and west of Chigneto) became the most prosperous place in Acadia.
The Bourgeois colony became Beaubassin, when Michel Leneuf de la Vallière de Beaubassin, was in 1676 granted the seigneurie de Beaubassin. The settlement was near the border separating present day New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. Jacques and his son, Guillaume, returned to live at Port Royal after the establishment at Beaubassin, although they kept farms at the new settlement. Jacques' other two sons, Charles and Germain, stay in Beaubassin with their families. A clause in the title to the seigneurie's land grant protected the interests of Jacques Bourgeois and the other Acadian settlers established on the domain so that competition between adjacent factions soon merged into one.
He had 10 children with Jeanne; seven girls and three boys.
Jacques maintained a presence in Port-Royal as he is listed in the census for the years 1671, 1686, and 1693. His sons are living in Beaubassin in 1686 and 1693. In 1698 Jacques is listed as living at Beaubassin with son Germain, but he returned to Port-Royal before his death before 1700.
Jacques died before 1700 at Port Royal, Acadia, New-France, an octogenarian.
Jacques dit Jacob BOURGEOIS (1621 - <1700)
Jacques (Jacob) Bourgeois est un chirurgien militaire considéré comme l’ancêtre des Bourgeois acadiens. Arrivé en Acadie le 6 juillet 1641 sur le navire Saint-François, il épousera vers 1643, Jeanne Trahan , venue en Acadie vers 1636 avec ses parents. Le couple aura une dizaine d’enfants. Si Jacques exerce sa profession, il est aussi cultivateur et marchand, profitant du commerce auquel il s’adonne avec les Micmacs dans la baie de Fundy. En 1672, il fonde la « colonie Bourgeois » qui devient Beaubassin. Tout au long de sa vie, le pionnier, entreprenant et prospère, sera au service de la colonie . Jacques et sa femme décède avant 1700.
A « bourgeois » originally meant someone who lived in a "bourg" or town. Starting in the XIIth century, a « bourgeois » designates a social class, which with the march of time becomes increasingly more influential through commerce, land ownership and family alliances. During Louis XIV's reign, the influence of the « bourgeois » penetrates on a par with blood-line royalty into the most important public and ministerial roles. Whether a merchant, a seigneur or a high-rank military officer in the service of the King, the good fortune of the sons of the « bourgeois » are generally better with each new generation. In modern times, the term morphs into a family name.
In the days of the voyageurs, the fur trading barons, mostly of Scottish origins and operating from a Montreal base, are known as les « bourgeois ».
The family name Bourgeois is the 87th most popular in France and the 254th most popular in Québec. The Bourgeois family is one of the 12 most important Acadian families. Jacques dit Jacob Bougeois is the ancestor of the great majority of Bourgeois descendants in Quebec.
Most of the grandchildren of Jacques Bourgeois were deported in 1755 to the New England colonies. Many of these deportees returned to Canada and the Bourgeois name is now common in south-eastern New Brunswick, in Quebec in Lanaudiere region, along the shores of the Richelieu River and in the Magdeleine Islands, and in eastern Ontario. Other deportees made their way to Louisiana and in St-Pierre-et-Miquelon.
The three colored sails and the star represent the Acadian flag The Franciscan cord and the ship represent the Saint-Francois that brought Jacques Bourgeois to Acadia. Ten waves represent the ten children of Jacques Jacob Bourgeois and Jeanne Trahan.
The colors represent Acadia. The horizontal wavy band represents the sea, which linked France to New France. It also alludes to Beaubassin, which was founded by the first ancestor, Jacques Bourgeois. The symbolism of the Acadian star requires no explanation. The Franciscan cord refers to the Saint-Francois ship on which Jacques Bourgeois crossed the sea to settle at Port-Royal in 1641. The fleam identifies his profession of surgeon. The Maltese cross represents the Coutran Commandery of the Order of Malta at La Ferté-Gaucher. It is possible that Jacques Bourgeois received his surgeon training at the school of the Commandery. The motto is “Attaining the ideal together”
Origins and Parentage. There are three differing accounts on the year if birth, origins and parentage of Jacques Bourgeois:
1.In 1994 and 1999, Stephen White stated that Jacques Bourgeois' parents are unknown. He indicates that Jacques was born around 1619, showing the years of birth derived from the censuses ranging from 1616 to 1621 as follows:
2. It is stated in Rootsweb ID 1585 (citing Perron 1997) that Jacques was born at La Ferté-Gaucher, baptized on 8 Jan 1621 at St-Romain Catholic Church. Perron cites own articles in Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne. vol. 22, no. 4 (199 1) and vol. 23, no. 1 (1992). Here is the baptism record referred to:
|Baptism Entry for Jacob Bourgeois|
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On 27 Feb 2016 at 10:13 GMT Maryann (Thompson) Hurt wrote:
Do his parents need to be marked as uncertain or detached?
On 25 Feb 2016 at 06:50 GMT Maryann (Thompson) Hurt wrote:
See WikiTree's Help: What if the data or parents for the two profiles don't exactly match?
This is often true. It shouldn't stop you from doing the merge if the two profiles represent the same person. Please read the rest of the merging FAQ.
On 25 Feb 2016 at 00:37 GMT Tom Patin wrote:
On 24 Feb 2016 at 21:39 GMT Danielle Liard wrote:
On 18 Feb 2016 at 18:13 GMT Jeannette (Martin) Saladino wrote:
On 26 Jun 2015 at 18:49 GMT Donna (Friebel) Storz wrote:
"...that provides any solid indication that he might have been the same Jacques Bourgeois who emigrated to Acadia. That is why my Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes shows no origine for our ancestor Jacques Bourgeois. There must be at least a degree of probability of identity, in addition to a mere possibility, before such can be included in a publication like mine, particularly where, as here, the ancestor’s name was such a common one."
It seems we may want to revise the parental links (and perhaps make them so people can't reinsert the parents.)
On 26 Jun 2015 at 18:47 GMT Donna (Friebel) Storz wrote:
"Regarding the baptismal record of which you forwarded me a copy, I see nothing in it that indicates that the child in question was subsequently known as Jacques Bourgeois, and even if he did come to be so known, there is nothing in the articles of René Perron (« De Germain Doucet à Jacques Bourgeois », Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. XXII (1991), p. 86-114; « Bourgeois & Doucet : à Bassevelle, des suites suprenantes », ibidem, vol. XXIII (1992), p. 27-46; et « Découverte d’un Jacob Bourgeois à La Ferté-Gaucher, critiques et commentaires», ibidem, vol. XXIII (1992), p. 95-103) ... cont'd
On 10 Apr 2015 at 21:22 GMT Monica (Bourgeois) Johnston wrote:
Jacques Jacob (Sr.) was a soldier from France. Since he was a soldier, he was awarded land circa 1654 in Port Royal. His son had joined him in Port Royal as a medical surgeon (trained in France). After his dad returned to France, he assumed the land and farmed on it.
I did not mean to duplicate Jeanne and yes, I always search before adding anyone. That tends to pop up auto-magically. Same with his parents. I have fixed Marguerite's name, thank you. I am dyslexic and when typed, the q and g look similar. I do agree that the Marguerites could be merged.
On 10 Apr 2015 at 20:11 GMT Van Landry wrote:
On 22 Jun 2014 at 23:52 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:
Jacques is 17 degrees from Charles Darwin, 18 degrees from Amelia Earhart, 18 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor and 23 degrees from Gilly Wood on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.