There are three differing accounts on the year if birth, origins and parentage of Jacques Bourgeois:
1. In 1994 and 1999, Stephen White stated that Jacques Bourgeois' parents are unknown. He indicates that Jacques was born around 1619, showing the years of birth derived from the censuses ranging from 1616 to 1621 as follows:
1671 census, at Port-Royal - 50 years old, i.e. b. ~1621
1686 census, at Port-Royal - 67 years old, i.e. b. ~1619
1693 census, at Port-Royal - 74 years old, i.e. b. ~1619
1698 census, at Beaubassin - 82 years old, i.e. b. ~1616.
2. It is stated in the research notes on Rootsweb ID 1585 (citing Perron 1997) that Jacques was born at La Ferté-Gaucher, baptized on 8 Jan 1621 at St-Romain Catholic Church. Perron cites own articles in Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne. vol. 22, no. 4 (199 1) and vol. 23, no. 1 (1992). Here is the baptism record referred to:
Baptism Entry for Jacob Bourgeois
On 26 Jun 2015 at 18:49 GMT Donna (Friebel) Storz wrote via a post on this profile: In March I wrote Stephen A. White regarding the baptism record and this is his response:
"Regarding the baptismal record of which you forwarded me a copy, I see nothing in it that indicates that the child in question was subsequently known as Jacques Bourgeois, and even if he did come to be so known, there is nothing in the articles of René Perron (« De Germain Doucet à Jacques Bourgeois », Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. XXII (1991), p. 86-114; « Bourgeois & Doucet : à Bassevelle, des suites suprenantes », ibidem, vol. XXIII (1992), p. 27-46; et « Découverte d’un Jacob Bourgeois à La Ferté-Gaucher, critiques et commentaires», ibidem, vol. XXIII (1992), p. 95-103) that provides any solid indication that he might have been the same Jacques Bourgeois who emigrated to Acadia. That is why my Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes shows no origine for our ancestor Jacques Bourgeois. There must be at least a degree of probability of identity, in addition to a mere possibility, before such can be included in a publication like mine, particularly where, as here, the ancestor’s name was such a common one." It seems we may want to revise the parental links (and perhaps make them so people can't reinsert the parents.)
3. In 1969 Clément Cormier asserted that there were two Jacques (father and son), who immigrated to Acadia. The father later returned to France.
Jacques dit Jacob BOURGEOIS (1621 - <1700)
Jacques dit Jacob BOURGEOIS was born in France on January 7, 1621 in La Ferté-Gaucher commune's Saint-Romain parish. He was a surgeon and may have learned this profession from the Order of Malta, near his home in France.
At Port-Royal, Jacques became a farmer, shipbuilder, and trader. He traded with Bostonians; learning their language and becoming an interpreter for French and English. By 1670, Jacques was believed to be the wealthiest citizen in Port-Royal.
In 1671, Jacques, founded the "Bourgeois colony" with his two sons (Charles & Germain) and established the colony with several other European families.
In 1672, he sold a part of his land in Port-Royal to settle in Chignecto isthmus, where he built a flour-mill and saw-mill. This region had fertile marshes and high ground for farming. The northeast coast of the isthmus (Shediac) was a relay station in sea communications between Acadia and Canada for strategic commanding the isthmus and Bay of Fundy. Later, the Beaubassin region (south of Shediac and west of Chigneto) became the most prosperous place in Acadia.
The Bourgeois colony became Beaubassin, when Michel Leneuf de la Vallière de Beaubassin, was in 1676 granted the seigneurie de Beaubassin. The settlement was near the border separating present day New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. Jacques and his son, Guillaume, returned to live at Port Royal after the establishment at Beaubassin, although they kept farms at the new settlement. Jacques' other two sons, Charles and Germain, stay in Beaubassin with their families. A clause in the title to the seigneurie's land grant protected the interests of Jacques Bourgeois and the other Acadian settlers established on the domain so that competition between adjacent factions soon merged into one.
He had 10 children with Jeanne; seven girls and three boys.
Jacques maintained a presence in Port-Royal as he is listed in the census for the years 1671, 1686, and 1693. His sons are living in Beaubassin in 1686 and 1693. In 1698 Jacques is listed as living at Beaubassin with son Germain, but he returned to Port-Royal before his death before 1700.Jacques died in 1791 at Port Royal, Acadia, New-France, an octogenarian. 
Jacques dit Jacob BOURGEOIS (1621 - <1700)
Jacques (Jacob) Bourgeois est un chirurgien militaire considéré comme l’ancêtre des Bourgeois acadiens. Arrivé en Acadie le 6 juillet 1641 sur le navire Saint-François, il épousera vers 1643, Jeanne Trahan , venue en Acadie vers 1636 avec ses parents. Le couple aura une dizaine d’enfants. Si Jacques exerce sa profession, il est aussi cultivateur et marchand, profitant du commerce auquel il s’adonne avec les Micmacs dans la baie de Fundy. En 1672, il fonde la « colonie Bourgeois » qui devient Beaubassin. Tout au long de sa vie, le pionnier, entreprenant et prospère, sera au service de la colonie . Jacques et sa femme décède avant 1700.
1690Sir William Phips captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days. Seaman from two ships later loot and burn between 28 and 35 homes/habitations including the parish church.”
A « bourgeois » originally meant someone who lived in a "bourg" or town. Starting in the XIIth century, a « bourgeois » designates a social class, which with the march of time becomes increasingly more influential through commerce, land ownership and family alliances. During Louis XIV's reign, the influence of the « bourgeois » penetrates on a par with blood-line royalty into the most important public and ministerial roles. Whether a merchant, a seigneur or a high-rank military officer in the service of the King, the good fortune of the sons of the « bourgeois » are generally better with each new generation. In modern times, the term morphs into a family name.
In the days of the voyageurs, the fur trading barons, mostly of Scottish origins and operating from a Montreal base, are known as les « bourgeois ».
The family name Bourgeois is the 87th most popular in France and the 254th most popular in Québec. The Bourgeois family is one of the 12 most important Acadian families. Jacques dit Jacob Bougeois is the ancestor of the great majority of Bourgeois descendants in Quebec.
Most of the grandchildren of Jacques Bourgeois were deported in 1755 to the New England colonies. Many of these deportees returned to Canada and the Bourgeois name is now common in south-eastern New Brunswick, in Quebec in Lanaudiere region, along the shores of the Richelieu River and in the Magdeleine Islands, and in eastern Ontario. Other deportees made their way to Louisiana and in St-Pierre-et-Miquelon.
Bourgeois Family Crest
The three colored sails and the star represent the Acadian flag
The Franciscan cord and the ship represent the Saint-Francois that brought Jacques Bourgeois to Acadia.
Ten waves represent the ten children of Jacques Jacob Bourgeois and Jeanne Trahan.
Bourgeois Coat of Arms
The colors represent Acadia. The horizontal wavy band represents the sea, which linked France to New France. It also alludes to Beaubassin, which was founded by the first ancestor, Jacques Bourgeois.
The symbolism of the Acadian star requires no explanation.
The Franciscan cord refers to the Saint-Francois ship on which Jacques Bourgeois crossed the sea to settle at Port-Royal in 1641.
The fleam identifies his profession of surgeon.
The Maltese cross represents the Coutran Commandery of the Order of Malta at La Ferté-Gaucher. It is possible that Jacques Bourgeois received his surgeon training at the school of the Commandery.
The motto is “Attaining the ideal together”
- 1671 Acadian Census at Port-Royal - Jacob Bourgeois, Surgeon, 50; his wife Jeanne Trahan 40. Children (one son and one daughter are married) - Jeanne 27, and Charles 25; then Germain 21, Marie 19, Guillaume 16, Marguerite 13, Francoise 12, Anne 10, Marie 7, Jeanne 4; cattle 33, sheep 24, more or less 20 arpents of cultivated land at two different locations.
- 1678 Acadian Census at Port-Royal. (Only his wife and two youngest daughters are still living with him.) - Jacques Bourgeois & Jeanne Trahan, 20 acres, 15 cattle, 2 girls, age 15- born 1663, age 12 born 1666.
-1686 Acadian Census at Port-Royal - (Living with his wife and his 31 year old son Guillaume.) Jacob Bourgeois 67, Jeanne Trahan 57; child. Guillaume 31; 20 arpents.
-1693 Acadian Census. (Living with his wife and his granddaughter, Jeanne.) at Port-Royal - Jacob Bourgeois 74, Jeanne Trahan his wife 64, Jeanne his granddaughter 3; 15 cattle, 20 sheep, 15 hogs, 40 arpents, 1 gun.
-1698 Acadian Census, at Beaubassin, Acadia - Sieur Jacques BOURGEOIS 82; Jeanne TRAHAN his wife 72. Germain BOURGEOIS 48; Madeleine DUGAS his wife 34; Guillaume 24; Agnes 12; 22 cattle, 15 hogs, 21 arpents, 3 guns, 1 servant.
- ABDA / ABAD Histoire de Bourgeois - Bulletin / Newsletter de l'Association des Bourgeois de Descendance Acadien (ABDA) / Association of Bourgeois of Acadian Descent (ABAD)
- DCB/DBC - Dictionary of Canadian Biography / Dictionnaire Biographique du Canada, University of Toronto/Université de Laval, 2003–Present
- DGFA - Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes
- White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert (1999). Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes. 2 volumes., Moncton, N.-B.. Centre d'études acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p. 251. Copy in possession of [[Girouard-4019| Jacqueline Girouard]. (According to White et al., "The Bourgeois in Acadie go back to only one stock. Their ancestor Jacques, born in France to 1619, arrived in the colony as a surgeon in 1641 on the ship Le Saint-François.")
↑ To do: I have not yet obtained the article. Follow up article René Perron, in Le Réveil Acadien; vol. XIII, no. 1 (Feb 1997); p. 11.
↑ There are two dates documented: 1) Account of the payments to the crew (Including Bourgeois) which departed May 7 1641 on the Saint-François; and 2) A deposition dated July 31, 1699 states Jacques Bourgeois had come to Canada during 1642. Stephen White uses the date closest to the time of the event
↑ White 1994 - "The Bourgeois in Acadie go back to only one stock. Their ancestor Jacques, born in France to 1619, arrived in the colony as a surgeon in 1641 on the ship Le Saint-François. About two years later, he married Jeanne Trahan, daughter of Guillaume Trahan and Françoise Corbineau. He settled in Port-Royal. In 1672, he sent colonists to Beaubassin, which he is considered as the founder. His son Charles, born about 1646, married around 1668 with Anne Dugas, daughter of Abraham Dugas and Marguerite Doucet. Charles and Anne settled in Beaubassin. Charles Bourgeois son, born around 1672, was married around 1692 to Marie Blanchard, daughter of Guillaume Blanchard and Huguette Gougeon. Pierre Bourgeois, born about 1699, was the second son of Charles and Marie. He married, at Beaubassin, on August 18, 1722, Marie-Françoise Cormier, daughter of Pierre Cormier and Catherine The White. The sixth of their eight sons, Joseph Bourgeois dit Calotte, was born in Beaubassin on March 10 1741. Around 1764, he married Félicité Belliveau, daughter of Pierre Belliveau and Jeanne Gaudet. They are first settled at Pisiguit and then at Memramcook where Joseph died on November 20, 1833."
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jacques by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Jacques:
Origins & parentage section needs to reflect fact that ABDA says in part about Jacques (Jacob) Bourgeois):
"The Bourgeois’ of Acadian descent can be
traced back to one individual, which is
Jacques Bourgeois, originally from FertéGaucher
a French commune located in the
Seine-et-Marne department, in the Île-deFrance
region. . . ."
Bourgeois-8 and Bourgeois-820 appear to represent the same person because: same man and wife, the father's actual first name needs to be sorted out, mother's name is identical (also needs checking though, was she truly a Bourgeois or is that 'marital' name?)
"...that provides any solid indication that he might have been the same Jacques Bourgeois who emigrated to Acadia. That is why my Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes shows no origine for our ancestor Jacques Bourgeois. There must be at least a degree of probability of identity, in addition to a mere possibility, before such can be included in a publication like mine, particularly where, as here, the ancestor’s name was such a common one."
It seems we may want to revise the parental links (and perhaps make them so people can't reinsert the parents.)