Claude Bowes-Lyon was born July 21, 1824 in Redbourn, England to Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his first wife, Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter. He was the second surviving son. Born Claude Lyon-Bowes, he altered the family name to Bowes-Lyon.
On September 28, 1853, Claude married Frances Dora Smith. They had 11 children.
In 1865, he succeeded his elder brother, Thomas, in Earldom. In 1887, he was created Baron Bowes of Streatlam Castle and Lunedale, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was the Scottish representative peer from 1870 until 1892, and Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 until his death.
↑ "England and Wales Census, 1891," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:3TLT-SZM : 11 December 2017), Strathmore, Kensington, London, England; from "1891 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, London county, subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:2:SYFR-GXG : accessed 2017-01-15), entry for Claude /Lyon-Bowes (Bowes-Lyon)/ 13th Earl of Strathmore & Kinghorn.