Claude Bowes-Lyon KG KT GCVO
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Claude George Bowes-Lyon KG KT GCVO (1855 - 1944)

Claude George "14th Earl of Strathmore" Bowes-Lyon KG KT GCVO
Born in Lowndes Square, Chelsea, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 16 Jul 1881 in Petersham, Surrey, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Glamis, Forfar, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 12,122 times.
British Aristocracy
Claude Bowes-Lyon KG KT GCVO was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Biography

Claude George Bowes Lyon 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Lord of Glamis. [1]

Maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.

14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 14th Earl in the peerage of Scotland and the 1st Earl in the peerage of the United Kingdom (1937).

Claude was born in Lowndes Square, London, the son of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his wife, the former Frances Dora Smith. His younger brother Patrick Bowes-Lyon was a tennis player who won the 1887 Wimbledon doubles.

After being educated at Eton College he received a commission in the 2nd Life Guards in 1876, and served for six years until the year after his marriage. He was an active member of the Territorial Army and served as Honorary Colonel of the 4th/5th Battalion of the Black Watch.

Upon succeeding his father to the Earldom on 16 February 1904, he inherited large estates in Scotland and England, including Glamis Castle, St Paul's Walden Bury, and Woolmers Park, near Hertford. He was made Lord Lieutenant of Angus, an office he resigned when his daughter became Queen. He had a keen interest in forestry, and was one of the first to grow larch from seed in Britain. His estates had a large number of smallholders and he had a reputation for being unusually kind to his tenants. His contemporaries described him as an unpretentious man, often seen in "an old macintosh tied with a piece of twine". He worked his own land and enjoyed physical labour in the grounds of his estates. Visitors mistook him for a common labourer.

In 1923 his youngest daughter, Elizabeth, married George V's second son, Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lord Strathmore was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order to mark the marriage. Five years later he was made a Knight of the Thistle.

In 1936 his son-in-law's brother, Edward VIII, abdicated and his son-in-law became King. As the queen consort's father, he was created a Knight of the Garter and Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in the Coronation Honours of 1937. This enabled him to sit in the House of Lords as an Earl (because members of the Peerage of Scotland did not automatically sit in the House of Lords, he had previously sat only as a Baron through the Barony of Bowes created for his father).

He married Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, the eldest daughter of the Rev. Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (grandson of British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland) and his wife, Louisa (née Burnaby), on 16 July 1881 in Petersham, Surrey. The couple had ten children.

Lord Strathmore died of bronchitis on 7 November 1944, aged 89, at Glamis Castle.

Sources

  1. Source: #S-994795507
  • Source: S-211265933 Repository: #R-844025152 Web: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-2015 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Repository: R-844025152 Ancestry.com
  • Source: S-214658939 Repository: #R-844025152 UK and Ireland, Find A Grave Index, 1300s-Current Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S-215159233 Repository: #R-844025152 Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Ancestry Family Tree https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/87015278/family
  • Source: S1500290600 Repository: #R-844025152 North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S-994795507 Web: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-2015 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Note: GenealogieOnline
  • F. J. Grant, ‘Lyon, Claude George Bowes-, fourteenth earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the peerage of Scotland, and first earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the peerage of the United Kingdom (1855–1944)’, rev. K. D. Reynolds, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2007 accessed 31 Oct 2017

Acknowledegements

  • Bowes-Lyon-92 was created by G Howell through the import of All-of-my-Family-27-Dec-2016-823.ged on Dec 27, 2016.
  • This person was created through the import of MASTER2011WIKITREE.GED on 27 January 2011.
  • This person was created on 18 February 2011 through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged. and on 27 March 2011 through the import of fitzmaster032511.ged.
  • WikiTree profile Bowes-Lyon-15 created through the import of O'Bryan Family tree.ged on Sep 6, 2011 by Tim Tropeck.


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Comments: 8

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Bowes-Lyon-113 and Bowes-Lyon-4 appear to represent the same person because: Bowes-Lyon-113 is a duplicate for the Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon's father (but with some incorrect information).
Unknown-358766 and Bowes-Lyon-4 appear to represent the same person because: Unquestionably the same.
posted by Ellen Smith
Bowes-Lyon-101 and Bowes-Lyon-4 appear to represent the same person because: Exact dates, same spouse and children
Bowes-555 and Bowes-Lyon-4 appear to represent the same person because: Duplicate as a result of two child profiles - requires to be deal with first.
posted by Richard Shelley
Could we set the Privacy level of this profile to Open please. Given he has an article in Wikipedia, amongst others, and details about all his descendants are easy to find, there seems no reason to keep it private. Thank you
posted by John Atkinson
Bowes-Lyon-92 and Bowes-Lyon-4 appear to represent the same person because: Same dates and spouse
See Clan Lyon for Scottish heritage
posted by Maria Maxwell
HRH Prince Charles's Great-Grandfather
posted by J Cherry