James Bowie

James Bowie (1796 - 1836)

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Col James "Jim" Bowie
Born in Terrapin Creek, Logan, Kentucky, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in San Antonio, Bexar, Texas Colonymap
[children unknown]
Died in The Alamo, San Antonio, Bexar, Texasmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 Nov 2014
This page has been accessed 4,191 times.

Categories: Logan County, Kentucky | Texas Notables | Texas History | The Alamo | Siege of Bexar | Namesakes US Counties | Battle of the Alamo, KIA | Texas Project-Managed.

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Biography

Died for Texas
Image:Paula s Sources-8.jpgDefenders in the Battle of the Alamo

James "Jim" Bowie was born April 10, 1796 to parents, Rezin Bowie and Elvira Catesby Jones. [1][2] Father, Rezin Bowie, known as Rezin Pleasant BOWIE Sr., (1762-1821) was born on Sept 8, 1762, in Orange County, North Carolina. Grandparents were James Bowie (1739-1789) and Sarah Whitehead.

Sibs: See above


Col. James Bowie had many exploits. James is known as a legend in many ways, from his family and James Bowie's exploits to the final Alamo history.[3]

The family lived in Franklin, Logan County, Kentucky near Terrapin Creek. and Bowie's Mill Road (Turnertown Road), later in Missouri and settled in Catahoula Parish, Louisiana where he grew up. [4][5][2]

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Bowie house

Louisiana

James Bowie floated lumber down the rivers to be marketed in Avoyelles, Rapides parishes; invested in property on the Bayou Boeuf. Here he hunted, fished, rode wild horses and alligators. [6][7][2] Description was stout, 6 ft tall, 180 lbs weight, light hair, grey eyes with a temper.[8]He went to join the War of 1812, but it ended. James owned and traded slaves just as his father had done. With sufficient money saved, he sold the plantation and slaves, quitting that occupation. [9][2][10]

1827 James was in a brawl in Mississippi with the result of being wounded and several men killed. [11] [2]In 1829, he traveled through Mississippi and Louisiana and Mississippi.
1828 (About) Bowie joined the Masonic Order in Opelousas, Louisiana.. After Bowie’ss death the masonic apron was found with his possessions.[12]
1829 he was engaged to Cecilia Wells, however she died in Alexandria, on Sept 29, 1829 before their marriage. [2][13]
Rezin Bowie, Jr, his brother, wrote he had the first Bowie Knife made at Avoyelles, Louisiana, for his brother James to defend himself, and that James used the Bowie knife in the [14]. After recovering from the wounds he received in the sandbar fight the following year, he moved to Texas. [2][15]

Texas

Bowie

Entering Mexican Texas Colony, Bowie and his friend Isaac Donoho stopped at Nacogdoches, at Jared E. Groce's farm on the Brazos River, and in San Felipe. [2]There Bowie presented a letter of introduction to empresario Stephen F. Austin. [2]James and brother Rezin went on an expedition to find the Lost San Saba Mine but did not find the mine.They proceeded on to Saltillo, then capitol of the Texas colony, now located in NW Mexico (160 mi) west of the Texas border.

In Feb. 20, 1830 James was in San Antonio, Bexar colony to present more letters of introduction to wealthy settlers, Juan MartÌn de Veramendi of San Antonio, Bexar colony.[16][9] James married Maria Ursula de Veramendi, age 19, on the 25th of April in 1831 in San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonio, Bexar Texas Colony. She was daughter of his business partner. James signed a dowry contract for 15,000 pesos but presented himself as age 30. [13][17] [18]

At the time of his marriage, James listed more assets than he may have owned, however he had an interest in the Acadia Plantatioln in Louisiana which sold later for $90,000, but still below what James promised in the marriage contract.
March 8, 1831 James authorized his brother, Rezin to be empowered to sell lands in Louisiana, Arkansas, or the US.[19]
James and Maria settled in San Antonio.[9]
A snippet of the notice of the marriage:
"D[on] Santiago Buy con D[oñ]a Ursula de Beramendi" [2]
Children[13]
Marie Elve (b. Mar 20, 1832)
James Veramendi (b. July 18, 1833)

Unfortunately the young wife of James and children died of cholera by September 1833. [20]

Will

Oct 31, 1833 Due to becoming very ill in Natchez, Mississippi, James wrote his will. In this he left property he owned to brother Rezin Bowie and to brother in law, Alexander Sterett and wife Martha. Executors were Rezin Bowie and Alexander Sterett. Oct 31, 1833[21]
'
Land Trading:

James next became a land trader. Mexico was offering to sell to Mexican citizens 11 league land grants. If they purchased the grants, then James bought the leagues from them. [9] Stephen F Austin eventually allowed James to settle there and allow the tracts of land as part of the colony. James had worked with William B Travis in several endeavors to stand up for the Texians' rights. In 1835 he fought in the Battle of Concepcion, Nov. 26, 1835 and the Siege of Bexar(Oct thru Dec 14, 1835) near San Antonio.[9][2][22] James Bowie participated in the Grass fight (part of the Siege of Bexar). [23]

Upon communication from Gen Sam Houston dated December 17, the general suggested Matamoros or a guerrilla force to harass the Mexican Army. Gen. Houston then suggested a different assignment to Bowie:

The Alamo

January, 1836 Jim Bowie was in charge of the group of volunteers at the garrison of the Alamo. Former leader Col. Neill needed to leave for home to care for family, and requested Lt. Col William Travis to command the Texas Alamo military. Travis arrived February, accompanied by a group of the army troops to bolster the numbers defending the Alamo. Col. Neill left for home. There was some conflict between the two leaders and their troops in the tiny Alamo.

.

NOTE: Since The Alamo was a mission, it had no heat!!!,

James Bowie (leading the volunteers) finally shared command with William B. Travis. Although there was conflict between the volunteers defending the Alamo and William B Travis's troops, they finally resolved to co-share the defense. Soon he became ill with either pneumonia or tuberculosis, mentioned in reports, but there was no way to diagnose illnesses in those early days, and it was one of the coldest winters for San Antonio, Soon he was confined to a cot. [9]

Bowie

The Mexican Army arrived Feb 23, 1836, led by General Santa Anna and began the attack on the Alamo from February until March 6, 1836. All of the defenders were killed on this date, including James Bowie. A memorial is in San Fernando Cathedral. Find A Grave: Memorial #2310[24][25]

Note: Many Donations and bounties were awarded to James Bowie's Heirs. A few of the Donations and Bounties are below:

Bexar Don., 640A
Travis Bty 1920 A, GLO.

James Bowie is known for the famous Bowie knife.[2] [26]

March 6, 1976 Masons of Texas gathered at the Scottish Rite Temple, in San Antonio, Texas and marched in a cold rain to the Alamo to lay a bronze plaque to honor the Masons who died in the Alamo.[27]
Honoring James Bonham, James Bowie, David Crockett, Almaron Dickinson, William Barrett Travis and other Unidentified Masons who gave their lives in the Battle of the Alamo. Erected by the Grand Lodge

Bowie County, Texas is also named in his honor. [28]


Sources

  1. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408 pg 124 copied page
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 James Bowie
  3. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/TexasIndependence/p/Biography-Of-Jim-Bowie.htm
  4. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408 pg 124 copied page
  5. First Settlers of Catahoula Parish, Louisiana: 1808-1839
  6. First Settlers of Catahoula Parish, Louisiana: 1808-1839
  7. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89063005888;view=1up;seq=426
  8. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbo45
  9. http://www.lsjunction.com/people/bowie.htm
  10. http://www.thealamo.org/history/the-1836-battle/the-defenders/defenders/bowie.html
  11. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408 copied pg 125]
  12. 13.0 13.1 13.2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Bowie#Early_years
  13. Sandbar Duel
  14. Bowie
  15. LINTON & BIRD Chronicles, Volume VI, Issue 2, Summer © 2011, ISSN 1941-3521
  16. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/adp/archives/documents/bowie.html
  17. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89063005888;view=1up;seq=427
  18. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408 copied pg 126]
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Bowie#Early_years
  20. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher: Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408 copied pages 127 & 128
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Concepci%C3%B3n
  22. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grass_Fight
  23. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/2310
  24. "Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVVM-M9VD : accessed 15 November 2015), Jim Bowie, 1836; Burial, San Antonio, Bexar, Texas, United States of America, San Fernando Cathedral; citing record ID 2310, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
  25. Bowie Knife
  26. "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408; copied pg 126
  27. http://www.genealogytrails.com/tex/state/countynamedafter.html


  • LINTON & BIRD Chronicles, Volume VI, Issue 2, Summer © 2011, ISSN 1941-3521
  • "The Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana: Documents Supporting Corrections and Additions Concerning the Rezin Bowie Family of Louisiana and Suggestions for Further Research", Author Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Publisher Louisiana Genealogical & Historical Society, 1997; ISBN: 096619540X, 9780966195408; 180 pages


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with James:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 9
Bowie Knife
 Bowie Knife

Jim Bowie by George Peter Alexander Healy
Jim Bowie by  George Peter Alexander Healy

Jim Bowie Display & Museum, Opelousas, LA
Jim Bowie Display & Museum,  Opelousas, LA

Jim Bowie Display & Museum, Opelousas, LA
Jim Bowie Display & Museum,  Opelousas, LA

Jim Bowie Oak, Opelousas LA
Jim Bowie Oak, Opelousas LA

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Collaboration

On 15 Nov 2015 at 21:10 GMT Mary Richardson wrote:

Hello, this profile is in progress of a merge. Will you check (use edit) and correct James Bowie so that his father is listed as John Rezin Bowie to be FATHER of his children and Elvira Catesby Jones to be the MOTHER of children? Thank you ~Mary

On 15 Nov 2015 at 00:56 GMT Bruce Porter wrote:

Bowie-361 and Bowie-279 appear to represent the same person because: Same parents, same dob & death?

Cheers, Cousin Bruce



James is 25 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 23 degrees from Katy Jurado and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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