Johann Daniel (sometime George is used) Bowman (also known as Bauman in German) was born on Dec. 28, 1740 in Grunwettersbach, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He was the son of Daniel Baumann and Catharina Knodel. He was Christened on Dec 29, 1740 as Evangelisch. He died on Apr. 14, 1811 in Lincoln County (now Catawba County), North Carolina, USA.
On the 2nd of May 1762, "Daniel Baumann, son of Daniel deceased", was confirmed in the Lower Bermudian Lutheran Church, Huntington (now Latimore) Township, in York (now Adams) County, Pennsylvania. Johann Daniel, born 28 December 1740 and 11 years old when he arrived in Pennsylvania, would have been 22 years old at the time of his confirmation. This would not have been unusual at a time when churches often did not have permanent pastors and had to wait until a pastor from another area could visit and perform baptisms, marriages and confirmations. It appears that Johann Daniel's father Daniel, died in Pennsylvania. Johann Daniel was confirmed there and left soon afterwards for North Carolina via the Great Wagon Trail.
Land in North Carolina
Johann Daniel Baumann was an early North Carolina pioneer in the late 1700s.
The next record of Johann Daniel, (who drops the Johann when he is grown and his father is dead) is found in North Carolina. As Daniel Bowman, he received a grant of land of "200 acres on the head of Clark's Creek, including his improvement". This improvement could have been his log house, This grant was signed by William Tryon, the Colonial Governor of N.C., on the 4th day of May 1769. Daniel also revieved other grants in Lincoln County (present Catawba County) of 150 acres on 9th July 1794 and 140 acres on 17th December 1798. Several deeds dealing with Daniel's sale of land to his sons are on record in Lincoln County. Three survey maps, plus a deed for land in Burke Co. for Daniel Bowman, are on record at the North Carolina Land Grant Office. (Land Grant 10 July 1768-200 A on head of Clarks Creek. This grant was signed on the 4th day of May 1764.)
It is recorded in Lincoln County that Daniel Bowman, Sr., sold John Bowman 145 acres of land on the waters of Elk Creek for $50 on April 14, 1804. The deed was witnessed by Peter Herman and Joseph Mehaffe and was proved in Court during the April 1817 session.
On June 9, 1810, Daniel Bowman sold land to George Bowman on the north fork of Clark's Creek. It was part of the land granted to Daniel Bowman by a State Grant dated October 28, 1782. (Grant #436). The deed was witnessed by George Diel and Sebastian Balch (or Bolick). It was proven in the Lincoln County October 1818 Session.
Daniel Bowman married a woman with the first name of Mary. She is referred to in his Will as just Mary. Their home was about two and one-half miles west of present-day Conover, Catawba County, North Carolina. The last name of his wife was most likely Mouser. See Space:Family_of_Johann_Daniel Bowman for a discussion of the source information for his wife and children.
Their children are listed identically, except for Catherine, in Rev. Crouse's 1905 sketch of Alexander County, and in Daniel Bowman's Will. Rev. Crouse referred to Johann Daniel Bowman as George Bowman. Rev. Crouse states the following in his book written in 1905 on pages 57-58:
"George Bowman came from Germany to Pennsylvania, and from that state to North Carolina some time during the latter half of the 18th century, probably about 1759 to 1760. His wife, who is said to have been a Miss Bolch, crossed the ocean with him in the same ship, and they married in this country. They settled in the Bolch neighborhood on Lyles creek in Catawba county, where they lived and raised a family. We have not yet been able to locate the place on which they settled. It is supposed to be a place known as the David Miller place, about two and a half miles west of the present town of Conover, near the railroad. Peter Herman, who married their daughter Barbara, lived on that place before he moved to a place on Clarke's creek, and it is probable that he bought the place of his father-in-law, or that it passed from the estate to his wife. This matter may yet be cleared up, either by the present writer or some other who may take it up."
"It is not known where George Bowman and his wife are buried. If they were buried at a church, it may be at St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed, the oldest in the settlement. They may have been buried in some lonely spot in the woods or fields as was frequently done in those days, when churches were few and far between."
"From two of their grandsons, Daniel Bowman and Lewis Bowman, first cousins, we have learned that their children were: John, Henry, David, Samuel, George, Daniel, Barbara, and Mary."
The children of Johann Daniel Baumann and Mary were:
Daniel's Will, signed 14 April 1811, is as followes:
In the name of God Amen. Daniel Bowman being weak and low in body but of sound and disposing mind and many thanks be to Almighty God for the same. Do make this my last will and testament. First I give my body to the earth to be decently buried by my therein after named executors and my soul into the hand of God that gave it in love and certain hope of the ressurection to eternal life at the last day. After payment of my just debts and funeral charges I dispose of my worldly affects in the following manner (Viz) I first will and bequeath to my wife Mary Bowman Ten dollars in cash her bed and bedstead and all the furniture belonging to it, also the dresser and all thats on it and in it and the whole privilege of the house and all the pots and vessels belonging to the same or so much of them as she pleases to keep during her natural life, and a good milk cow with a young calf to be kept for her use every year of the farm she lives on also her chest and her saddle and bridle all the above named property the above named Mary Bowman, Henry Bowman and George Bowman and Catherine Lutes, Barbara Herman and Molly Diehl all of each of them an Equal share of all the personal property after being put to sale and that tract of land I purchased of John Presly it is my will that it be sold by the executors to the best advantage either by probate or public sale and the money to be equally divided among the before named heirs, and the residue of my personal estate after the legasies is paid. I hereby constitute David Bowman my son and George Deihl my executors to this my last will and testament in witness whereof I hereinto set my hand and offix my seal this fourteenth day of April in the year of our Lord 1811, dated April 1811.
The will of Daniel Baumann is among the loose wills in the North Carolina Archives in Raleigh. It was probated in Lincoln County in the April Session of The Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in the year 1812. Therefore, Daniel Baumann died between April 1811 and April 1812.
Diary of Johann Gottfried Arends
The following is from the Diary of Johann Gottfried Arends 1740-1807. (He was a Lutheran pastor sent to North Carolina ca. 1773, along with the help of King George III.)
In this diary he included a list of pastoral records. One being the name and date of some people's First Communion. Among those listed at Saut Fork"- which was probably his name for Old St. Paul's on May 13, 1791 were Johan Daniel Baumann's oldest children: Catherina Baumann, Daniel Baumann, and Barbara Baumann.
Source: "United States Census, 1790," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHKB-LCV : accessed 8 February 2017), Danl Bowman, Lincoln, North Carolina, United States; citing p. 109, NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 7; FHL microfilm 568,147. ; Males: 4 males under 16, 2 males 16+ ; Females: 5 females
Source: Research from David Pope, quoted on Find a Grave
Source: The will of Daniel Baumann is among the loose wills in the North Carolina Archives in Raleigh. It was probated in Lincoln County in the April Session of The Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in the year 1812, signed 14 April 1811
Source Diary of Johann Gottfried Arends 1740-1807. (He was a Lutheran pastor sent to NC ca. 1773, along with the help of King George III. reference as to current location needed.
Source: Tryon County, North Carolina Land Grant, 10 July 1768, 200 A on head of Clarks Creek. This grant was signed on the 4th day of May 1764
Source: Historical Sketches of Alexander County, N.C., Book was published in 1905 and authored by Rev. A.L. Crouse, Subtitles is Friendship Lutheran, Hopewell Reformed , and Charity Baptist Churches and of the Bowman & Fry Families. Copies are located in Friendship Library and with descendants.
Source: German, Select Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898; Birth, Marriage & Death; Johann Daniel Baumann; Birth: 28 Dec 1740; Baptism: 29 Dec 1740 - Evangelisch, Grunwettersbach, Karlsruhe, Baden.
Source: U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s; Name: Johann Daniel Baumann; Birth 1749; Arrival: 1751 - America.
Source: Pennsylvania, Church Records - Adams, Berks, and Lancaster Counties, 1729-1881; Birth, Marriage, & Death; Name: Daniel Baumann; Father: Daniel Baumann; Other: 2 May 1762 - Adams Co., PA
Source: "North Carolina Estate Files, 1663-1979," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VH6X-52F : 20 November 2015), Daniel Bowman, 1817; citing Lincoln, North Carolina, United States, State Archives, Raleigh; FHL microfilm 2,297,090. Inventory of the Estate of Daniel Bowman, Executor George Deal.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Daniel by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Daniel: