"Evidence indicates that immigrant ancestor of the Bowman families of Alexander and Catawba Counties of North Carolina was Daniel Baumann, who came from Grunwetersbach, Wurttemberg, now part of the West German State of Baden-Wurttemberg. He was born 26, Oct. 1717, the son of Daniel and Margaretha Baumann. Daniel Baumann sailed on The Duke of Wirtenberg with his wife Catharina (Knodel), his son Johann Daniel, his daughters Catharina Barbara and Eva Maria. Their German pastor issued Taufacheine (baptismal certifiacates) for the family October 1751, where Daniel took the oath of allegiance to the British government as required by law. Although identified as a day laborer, Daniel was able to sign his name, thus we are fortunate to have his signature. Two years later in 1753, Daniel's sister, Rosina Barbara, came to America , probably to live with Daniel in Pennsylvania.
"On the 2nd of May 1762, "Daniel Baumann, son of Daniel deseased", was confirmed in the Lower Bermudian Lutheran Church, Huntington (now Latimore) Twp., in York (now Adams) Co. Pennsylvania. Johann Daniel, born 28 December 1740 and 11 years old when he arrived in Pennsylvania, would have been 22 yeas old at the time of his confirmation. this would not have been unusual at a timewhen churches often did not have permanent pastors and had to wait until a pastor from another area could visit and perform baptisms, marriages and confirmations. It appears that Johann Daniel's father Daniel, died in Pennsylvania. Johann Daniel was confirmed there and left soon afterwards for N.C. via the "Great Wagon Train". Johann Daniel Baumann was the N.C. Pioneer.
"The next record of Johann Daniel, (who drops the Johann when he is grown and his father is dead) is found in N.C. as Daniel Bowman, he received a grant of land of "200 acres on the head of Clark's Creek, including his improvement". This improvement could have been his log house. This grant was signed by William Tryon, the Colonial Governor of N.C., on the 4th day of May 1769. Daniel also received other grants in Lincoln (present Catawba) Co. of 150 acres on 9th July 1794 and 140 acres on 17th December 1798. Several deeds dealing with Daniel's sale of land to his sons are on record in Lincoln Co. Three survey maps plus a deed for land in Burke Co. for Daniel Bowman are on record at the North Carolina Land Grant Office.
"The early members of our line of Bowmans had come to America and were settled on their farms years before the Revolutionary War. Living in that most eventful era of American history, they played a part in shaping a strong new nation out of the thirteen colonies, a nation dedicated to liberty and justice for all, principles which they had cherished and hoped for but had been denied in their fatherland, the Palatinate region of Germany.
"The Palatinate was a rich agricultural region of the old German empire, originally one of the states of the Holy Roman Empire, bounded by France, the Netherlands and the Rhine River. Situated as it was, a border country, it was always a coveted prize and therefore a favorite battleground for powerful rivals constantly at war. The unfortunate inhabitants of this coveted Palatinate region suffered incrediably because of the wars.
"More misfortune for the Palatinates lay ahead years and years of religious persecution. In 1517 Martin Luther made his protest against matters of doctrine and the dispensing of indulgences in the Roman Catholic Church. Although Luther did not intend his protest to be a revolt against the Church but only a movement for reform to regain the purity of the ancient church, nevertheless, the German Palatinates saw the Lutheran movement as a ray of hope. In his doctrine of justification by faith alone and not by sacraments and good works, Luther uncompromisingly denied the authority of the priests to mediate between man and his God.
"This new doctrine of placing man in direct communication with his God appealed to the Palatinates, long weary of the hand of Rome and the interference of the Church in state affairs, and Lutheranism spread through that part of Germany."
He had a brother Jacob and a sister Rosina Barbara Bowman.
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