Charles Boyer
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Charles Boyer (1899 - 1978)

Charles Boyer
Born in Figeac, Lot, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 14 Feb 1934 (to 24 Aug 1978) in Yuma, Yuma County, Arizona, USAmap
Died in Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 May 2016
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Contents

Biography

Version française

Notables Project
Charles Boyer is Notable.

Charles Boyer (French: [bwaye]; 28 August 1899 – 26 August 1978) was a French-born actor who appeared in more than 80 films between 1920 and 1976.

Origins

Charles Boyer was born on 28 August 1899 at 7, boulevard Labernade (now boulevard Juskiewenski) in Figeac (Lot), a small town (5861 inhabitants in 1901[1]) in the South of France, on the border of the regions of Guyenne and Auvergne (Cantal). He was the son of Maurice Boyer, 24, and Louise Durand, 19.[2] The family was relatively well-off; Maurice Boyer and his father Lucien, listed as industrialists in the 1901 census,[3] owned a shop selling farm machines, stoves and heating machines.[4] The 1906 census shows the family hired a live-in servant.[5] Most of Charles Boyer's ancestors were artisans: on his mother's side, his grandfather Raymond Crépin Durand and great-grandfather were bakers, other maternal ancestors were farriers and carpenters. His paternal grandfather Lucien Boyer, son and grandson of boilermakers (a profession requiring considerable skill), is listed as a merchant and industrialist; his wife Irma Lavernhe was the daughter of a surveyor, but her maternal ancestors included Antoine Jausions, mayor of Figeac, and Philippe Etienne de Fleurans, a noble.

In January 1910, Maurice Boyer died, probably in Figeac, where he was buried.[6] Charles Boyer moved to Paris in 1917 to study philosophy in the Sorbonne.[4] His mother may have followed him there, because in 1920 she was living in Paris when she remarried to Pedro Rossignol, a teacher, knight of the Legion of Honor.[7]

Career

After deciding to study drama at the Conservatoire, Charles Boyer started on the stage, first appearing in La jeune fille aux joues roses in 1919, at the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt, and continuing to focus on theatre work for several years, though he had already played in his first film, L'Homme du Large by Marcel Lherbier, in 1920. He returned seriously to the screen in the late 1920s, with La ronde Infernale (1928), Capitaine Fracasse (1929), and Barcarolle d'amour (1930).

Greta Garbo (as Marie Walewska) and Charles Boyer (as Napoléon) in Conquest (1936)
Greta Garbo and Charles Boyer in Conquest (1936)

In 1930 he made his first trip to Hollywood, appearing in the French version of The Big House (1930) followed by a few small roles in English, but went back to France in 1932. He had a success with Le Bonheur in 1933, his last appearance on a Parisian stage, and reprised his role in the film version of the play, directed by Marcel Lherbier in 1934.

He was back in Hollywood in 1935, starring in Private Worlds with Claudette Colbert. This was followed by memorable performances in romantic dramas such as The Garden of Allah (1936), Algiers (1938), and Love Affair (1939), as well as the mystery-thriller Gaslight, directed by George Cukor (1944).

In all, Boyer appeared in more than 80 films alongside such stars as Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Michèle Morgan, Katharine Hepburn, Hedy Lamarr, Bette Davis, Ingrid Bergman.

Charles Boyer never won the Oscar, though he received four nominations for Best Actor, for Conquest (1937), Algiers, Gaslight, and Fanny (1961). He received an Academy Honorary Award in 1942 for "his progressive cultural achievement in establishing the French Research Foundation in Los Angeles as a source of reference for the Hollywood Motion Picture Industry."

Marriage and family

Charles Boyer's wife Pat Paterson, publicity photo, circa 1935
Charles Boyer's wife Pat, circa 1935

Boyer met English-born actress Pat Paterson at a party in January 1934. They were married less than a month later, on Valentine's Day at Yuma.[8] They had an only son Michael Charles, born in 1944. Sadly, Michael died in 1965, at age 21, of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Charles Boyer was then in Paris and learned the news from an assistant. Pat and Charles Boyer would always maintain that their son's death was accidental.[9]

Death

His wife, Patricia, died on August 24, 1978, after a diagnosis of liver cancer. [10]

A local Phoenix newspaper columnist, Paul Dean, managed to locate friends of the very private Boyer, who informed Dean:

"Charles was prostrate with grief, said he was racked with pain," said this person. "He described it as the most horrendous pain he had ever felt. And once more he spoke of Pat's death and said: 'If it had only been me.' "I knew then that his life had ended. I knew he was dying of a broken heart."[10]

He died two days later, on August 26, 1978,[11] after ingesting triple the lethal dose of Seconal. According to Dean's column, "No friends since have criticized this death by decision. One said it seemed to have been scripted. Another saw it as a magnificent ending."[10]

He is interred with his wife and son at Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California.[12]

Biographie

English version

Charles Boyer (28 août 1899 - 26 août 1978) est un acteur franco-américain, qui a tourné dans plus de 80 films entre 1920 et 1976.

Origines

Charles Boyer est né le 28 août 1899, 7, boulevard Labernade (aujourd'hui boulevard Juskiewenski) à Figeac, petite ville (5861 habitants en 1901[1]) aux confins de la Guyenne et de l'Auvergne. Il était fils de Maurice Boyer, 24 ans, et Louise Durand, 19 ans[2]. Sa famille était plutôt aisée: Maurice Boyer et son père Lucien, industriel selon le recensement de 1901[3], géraient un magasin de machines agricoles, fourneaux et calorifères[4]. Le recensement de 1906 montre que la famille employait une domestique[5]. La plupart des ancêtres de Charles Boyer étaient artisans: du côté maternel, son grand-père Raymond Crépin Durand et son arrière-grand-père étaient boulangers, on trouve aussi parmi ses ancêtres maternels des maréchaux-ferrants et des menuisiers. Côté paternel, son grand-père Lucien Boyer, marchand et fabricant, était fils et petit-fils de chaudronniers (profession très qualifiée) et son épouse Irma Lavernhe, fille d'un arpenteur, descendait d'Antoine Augustin Jausions, maire de Figeac, et de Philippe de Fleurans, noble.

En janvier 1910, Maurice Boyer meurt, probablement à Figeac où il est enterré[6]. Le jeune Charles monte à Paris en 1917 pour étudier la philosophie à la Sorbonne[4]. Sa mère l'a probablement suivi, car en 1920, elle habite Paris lors de son remariage avec Pedro Rossignol, professeur, inspecteur d'académie et Chevalier de la légion d'honneur[7].

Carrière

Ayant décidé de suivre les cours d'art dramatique du Conservatoire, Charles Boyer débute sur la scène en 1919 dans La jeune fille aux joues roses au théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt. Il se consacre principalement au théâtre pendant plusieurs années, bien qu'il ait fait une première apparition au cinéma dès 1920 dans L'Homme du Large de Marcel Lherbier. Il ne se concentre sérieusement sur le cinéma qu'à partir de la fin des années 20, avec La ronde Infernale (1928), Capitaine Fracasse (1929), et Barcarolle d'amour (1930).

Il fait ses débuts à Hollywood en 1930, avec la version française de The Big House (1930), suivie de quelques petits rôles en anglais, mais retourne en France en 1932. Il obtient un succès dans Le Bonheur en 1933, sa dernière apparition sur une scène parisienne, et reprend son rôle dans l'adaptation au cinéma de la pièce, réalisée par Marcel Lherbier en 1934.

Irene Dunne et Charles Boyer dans Elle et Lui de Leo McCarey (1939)
Irene Dunne et Charles Boyer dans Elle et Lui

De retour à Hollywood, en 1935, il tient le rôle principal dans Mondes Privés aux côtés de Claudette Colbert. Suivent des rôles mémorables dans des drames romantiques comme Le Jardin d'Allah (1936), Casbah, adaptation américaine de Pépé le Moko (1938), et Elle et Lui (1939), et dans le thriller psychologique Hantise de George Cukor (1944).

Au total, Charles Boyer a tourné dans plus 80 films aux côtés de stars parmi lesquelles Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Michèle Morgan, Katharine Hepburn, Hedy Lamarr, Bette Davis, Ingrid Bergman...

Charles Boyer n'a jamais décroché l'Oscar bien qu'il ait été nommé 4 fois, dans Marie Walewska (1937), Casbah, Hantise, et Fanny (1961). Il a reçu un Oscar d'honneur en 1942.

Mariage et famille

Charles Boyer recontre Pat Paterson, actrice d'origine anglaise, lors d'une fête en janvier 1934. Il l'épouse moins d'un mois plus tard, à Yuma, le jour de la Saint-Valentin[8]. Le couple a eu un fils unique, Michael Charles, né en 1944. Celui-ci meurt tragiquement à 21 ans, en 1965, après s'être tiré une balle dans la tête. Charles Boyer se trouvait alors à Paris et c'est une assistante qui lui apprend la nouvelle. Pat et Charles Boyer affirmeront toujours que la mort de leur fils était un accident[9].

Mort

Le 24 août 1978, Patricia Boyer meurt d'un cancer du foie[10].

Un journaliste pour un journal local de Phoenix, Paul Dean, réussit à contacter des amis du très discret Charles Boyer:

"Charles était prostré dans le chagrin, il disait qu'il était déchiré par la douleur" selon ces personnes, "il en parlait comme de la douleur la plus atroce qu'il ait jamais ressentie. En parlant de la mort de Pat il disait 'Si seulement ç'avait été moi'. "C'est là que j'ai su que sa vie était finie. Il avait le coeur brisé et il était en train d'en mourir"[10].

Charles Boyer mourut deux jours après sa femme, le 26 août 1978[11], après avoir ingéré une triple dose mortelle de Secobarbital. Selon l'article de Paul Dean, "Aucun de ses amis n'a critiqué sa décision de mourir. L'un a dit que c'était comme un scénario. Un autre a parlé d'un épilogue magnifique"[10].

Charles Boyer est enterré avec sa femme et son fils au cimetière Holy Cross de Culver City en Californie[12].

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Contributeurs de Wikipédia, "Figeac," Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Figeac&oldid=161708334 (Page consultée le 23 août 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 Acte de naissance: Acte 62, Naissances 1899 Figeac, Archives du Lot cote 4 E 1061 vue 17
  3. 3.0 3.1 Recensement 1901, Figeac, partie Ouest, 6ème section; Archives du Lot cote 6 M 174 vue 35
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Charles Boyer, un latin lover né à Figeac, article de La Dépêche du Midi, 19 avril 2009, consulté le 24 août 2019
  5. 5.0 5.1 Recensement 1906, Figeac partie Ouest, 6ème circonscription, Archives du Lot cote 6 M 201 vues 34-35
  6. 6.0 6.1 Photographie du monument, publiée dans le cadre du projet Sauvons nos tombes, accessible via Geneanet, Dec 2018
  7. 7.0 7.1 Remariage Augustine Marie Louise Durand: Acte 2181, Mariages 1960 Paris XVIème, du 11 au 25 septembre, vue 24, Archives de Paris en ligne cote 16M 222, consulté le 21 décembre 2018
  8. 8.0 8.1 Charles Boyer, biographie sur le site Encinémathèque, Partie 2, 1934/1959, Août 2019
  9. 9.0 9.1 Charles Boyer, biographie sur le site Encinémathèque, Partie 3 1960/1978, août 2019
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Dean, Paul. "Final Script for Boyer—A Poignant Love Story," The Arizona Republic, (Phoenix, Arizona) 3 Sep 1978, sec B, p. 1, col. 1. Digital images. Newspapers.com, (www.newspapers.com; accessed 23 Jul 2019), Historical newspapers. link to first part of article, link to second part of article.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "United States Social Security Death Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J11M-63X : 20 May 2014), Charles Boyer, Aug 1978; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Find A Grave Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVJ1-BG4K : 13 December 2015), Charles Boyer, 1978; Burial, Culver City, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Holy Cross Cemetery; citing record Find A Grave: Memorial #122, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
  • "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9CK-12W : accessed 2 June 2017), Charles Boyer, Councilmanic District 2, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Township, Los Angeles, California, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 60-172, sheet 64B, line 57, family 115, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 404.

Charles Boyer's many crossings of the Atlantic:

  • Arrival on 26 November 1930, in the same ship as Michel Clemenceau and André de Saint Phalle: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2429-9KL : 2 October 2015), Charles Boyer, 1937; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Arrival on 2 December 1931 (aboard the same ship: Jules Eugène Michelin and wife Henriette): "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24NL-PYV : 12 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1931; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Arrival on 3 January 1934: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24N5-4PV : 12 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1934; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Arrival on 22 November 1934 (on the same ship: French actors Fernand Ledoux and Jacques Louvigny): "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24JC-2Y2 : 12 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1934; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • July 1936, travelling to and from Honolulu with his mother and Pat: "Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-L69C : 16 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1936; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.). and "Hawaii, Honolulu Passenger Lists, 1900-1953," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV9Z-L69C : 16 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1936; citing Ship , NARA microfilm publication A3422 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • 16 September 1936, travelling with Pat aboard the Queen Mary: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24KW-VBX : 12 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1936; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • August 1948: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVPZ-L3HL : 15 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1948; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • July 1951: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24BD-P38 : 15 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1951; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • July 1953: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2H7W-35M : 16 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1953; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • November 1955: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2HZ8-86V : 15 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1955; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • October 1956: "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2H85-FK9 : 16 March 2018), Charles Boyer, 1956; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

See also:

  • Charles Boyer (Wikipedia)
  • The 50 Most Unforgettable Actors of the Studio Era, LEADING MEN, Foreword by Robert Osborne, Introduction by Molly Haskell, Text by Frank Miller, Chronicle Books, LLC, 85 Second Street, San Francisco, California 94105, www.chroniclebooks.com. Distributed in Canada by Raincoast Books, 9050 Shaughnessy Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6P 6E5, pp. 28-31.
  • WikiData: Q105987 Wikidata Information Reasonator enwiki Ancestors (about wikidata)


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Nice work! Great looking profile!
posted by SJ Baty
Hi there profile managers! We'll be featuring Charles' profile August 28th as our Example Profile of the Week. Feel free to do some sprucing up between now and then. I'll stop by closer to the date to make sure everything's ready to go.

Thanks! Abby

posted by Abby (Brown) Glann

Charles is 28 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 22 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 23 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.