Giles (Braose) de Braose
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Giles (Braose) de Braose (aft. 1268 - bef. 1305)

Sir Giles de Braose formerly Braose aka de Brewes
Born after in Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married after 1 Jun 1298 in Englandmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Englandmap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 21 Mar 2011
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Giles de Brewes/Braose is in a trail badged by the Magna Carta Project to surety baron Richard de Clare (see text below).

Contents

Biography

Giles de Brewes/de Braose was the son of William de Brewes/de Braose and his second wife Agnes de Moels.[1][2] His birth date is uncertain, but his parents probably did not marry before 1267/8,[3] so he almost certainly was not born until after 1268.

Giles held land at Buckingham, Buckinghamshire and at Woodlands and Knowlton in Dorset.[1][2]

Giles married twice. His first wife was Beatrice de St Helen, daughter and main heir of Sir John Saint Helen of Crowell, Oxfordshire and Long Wittenham, Berkshire, and Juliane, daughter of Alan de Farnham of Winterborne, Berkshire.[1][2][4] Beatrice was said to be 23 in 1293.[1][2][5] They had one child:

  • Lucy,[1][2] born about 1298 (age 7 when her father died in 1205[6][7]), who married first, Robert Mautravers[7] and second, John de Paulesholt in March 1353–4[1][2][8]

Beatrice died on 1 June 1298.[1][2]

Giles married again, his second wife being Maud de Whitney, whose father was Eustace de Whitney of Herefordshire. They had two children:

In 1300 Giles fought in Scotland with the forces of Edward I.[1][2]

Giles died a little before 7 January 1305.[1][2] At his death, Giles was said to hold a "capital messuage called the Castle of Buckingham, worth nothing."[9] His daughter Lucy inherited Crowell, Oxfordshire, through her mother.[7] His widow subsequently married Richard le Wolf.[1][2]

The Inquisitions Post Mortem after Giles' death showed him holding land at "Cnolton" in Dorset, Crowell in Oxfordshire, West Wytteham in Berkshire and Buckingham, Buckinghamshire.[6]

Research Notes

Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica names Giles' first wife as Beatrice de St Eloria.[7] The Sussex Visitations give it as St Helen.[4]

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham, 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: the author, 2011), Vol. II, p. 235, FROME 5, Google Books
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), Viol. III, p. 43, FROME 9
  3. Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 318, BREWES 4
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Visitations of the County of Sussex taken in the years 1530 and 1633-4, Harleian Society, 1905, p. 5 (Shirley pedigree), Internet Archive
  5. 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 71', in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 3, Edward I, ed. J.E.E.S. Sharp and A.E. Stamp (London, 1912), pp. 159-173, British History Online, accessed 28 August 2020
  6. 6.0 6.1 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, 'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 119', in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Volume 4, Edward I (London, 1913), pp. 211-200, entry 317, British History Online, accessed 28 August 2020
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Collectanea Topographica et Genealogical, Vol. VI, John Bowyer Nicholls & Son, London, 1840, p. 77, Google Books
  8. 'Parishes: Long Wittenham', in A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4, ed. William Page and P H Ditchfield (London, 1924), pp. 384-390, British History Online, accessed 28 August 2020
  9. 'The borough of Buckingham', in A History of the County of Buckingham (Victoria County History), Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1925), pp. 471-489, British History Online, accessed 25 August 2020
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City: the author, 2013. See also WikiTree's source page for ‘’Royal Ancestry’’.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011. See also WikiTree's source page for "Magna Carta Ancestry".

Acknowledgements

Magna Carta Project

This profile was revised for the Magna Carta Project by Michael Cayley on 28 August 2020 and approved 22 Sep 2020 by Thiessen-117.
Giles (Braose) de Braose is in a trail between Gateway Ancestor Mary Johanna Somerset and Magna Carta Surety Baron Richard de Clare that was developed for the Project by Michael Cayley in Jul/Aug 2020 and badged 22 Sep 2020. This trail is set out in the Magna Carta Trails section of the Gateway's profile.
See Base Camp for more information about identified Magna Carta trails and their status. See the project's glossary for project-specific terms, such as a "badged trail".


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Comments: 5

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I plan shortly to do some work on this profile on behalf of the Magna Carta Project.
posted by Michael Cayley
I have now finished the main work I currently intend on this profile. If anyone spots any typos etc, please either correct them or message me. Thanks.
posted by Michael Cayley
Is Maud still a familiar/nickname for Matilda, in this era? With regard FNABs for his wife and daughter. Or is it become a discrete name by now (i.e. then)?
posted by Isaac Taylor
Maud and Matilda were alternatives forms for the same name long after this. I would definitely not use the word nickname for Maud in this period - it would be anachronistic.
posted by Michael Cayley
edited by Michael Cayley
Source: * "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. III. p. 85.

First wife: Beatrice de Saint Helen. She was born about 1272. They had one daughter, Lucy.

Daughter: Lucy de Brewes, was born 1293. She married 1st Robert Mautravers. They had one son, John. She married 2nd John de Paulesholt. Beatrice died June 1, 1298.

Thank you!  :-)

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Categories: Clare-651 Descendants | St Wolfrida, Horton | Magna Carta